EFFECT OF SPINNING PARAMETERS ON PLA/PPC/CURCUMIN MICROFIBER DIAMETER: AN INVESTIGATION VIA RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31436/iiumej.v21i2.1336

Keywords:

Poly(lactic acid), curcumin, poly(propylene carbonate), fiber, RSM

Abstract

The initial phase of this study was to investigate the effect of polypropylene carbonate (PPC) additions in polylactic acid (PLA)/curcumin (Cur) blends. It was observed that the presence of curcumin particulates behaved as a reinforcement filler for PPC additions up to 30 wt%. A specific composition was then invested to find the correlation between the fiber diameter and melt-spinning process parameters using central composite design (CCD), a subset of response surface methodology (RSM). Results showed that the spinning temperature had a greater effect than the spinning speed on the diameter of PLA/PPC/curcumin fiber. The response model indicated a good correlation between experimental and predicted values since the ANOVA analysis demonstrated high F-value of model adequacy at 10.34, non-significant lack of fit, precision adequacy of 9.94 and R2 value of 0.80. Therefore, this model can be used in a future study to establish the processing parameters for controlled fiber production.

ABSTRAK: Fasa awal kajian ini adalah bagi mengkaji kesan penambahan karbonat polipropilin ke dalam campuran asid prolaktik (PLA)/kurkumin (Cur). Didapati kehadiran zarah-zarah kurkumin bertindak sebagai pengisi bantuan pada penambahan PPC sehingga 30 wt%. Komposisi tertentu kemudian dikaji bagi mencari kaitan diameter fiber dan parameter proses putaran-cair menggunakan rekaan komposit utama (CCD), dan subset metodologi gerak-balas permukaan (RSM). Keputusan menunjukkan suhu putaran berpengaruh besar berbanding kelajuan putaran pada diameter fiber PLA/PPC/kurkumin. Model yang bertindak balas ini menunjukkan kaitan yang baik antara eksperimen dan nilai yang dijangka kerana analisis ANOVA menunjukkan nilai-F yang tinggi pada 10.34 kecukupan model, tidak-ketara kurang padanan, kecukupan ketepatan pada 9.94 dan nilai R2 sebanyak 0.80. Oleh itu, model ini boleh digunakan pada kajian akan datang bagi menghasilkan parameter proses pengeluaran fiber kawalan.

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Published

2020-07-04

How to Cite

Syed Shaharuddin, S. I., FAUZAN, A. A., MOHAMAD JAZI, M. F. I., MOHD. AKHIR, N. A., OTHMAN, M., MUHAMAD KHAIRUSSALEH, N. K., SHAFFIAR, N., & HASAN, Z. (2020). EFFECT OF SPINNING PARAMETERS ON PLA/PPC/CURCUMIN MICROFIBER DIAMETER: AN INVESTIGATION VIA RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY. IIUM Engineering Journal, 21(2), 197 - 211. https://doi.org/10.31436/iiumej.v21i2.1336

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Section

Materials and Manufacturing Engineering

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