Skill and Knowledge of Prehospital Care Competency of Emergency and Trauma Department Personnel: A Systematic Review
Pre-hospital care is among the critical components in the healthcare delivery system. The effectiveness of pre-hospital performance relies very much on the competency of the personnel specifically the knowledge, skills, and attitude of the personnel to provide care at the scene, and during transport to a definitive care centre. Thus, sufficient knowledge and skills in prehospital care are important to ensure the high effectiveness of prehospital care. This study aims to review the available previous studies related to skills and knowledge of prehospital care competency among the healthcare personnel of the Emergency and Trauma Department. A systematic review was conducted with 21 articles. The articles were searched systematically by using the PRISMA flow chart and the PICo and PICO frameworks were used for study selection. Three are two themes that emerge in this study: pre-hospital care and pre-hospital care competency. Pre-hospital competency of the healthcare personnel of the emergency and trauma department enables early advanced care across a range of disciplines. Thus, the healthcare personnel of the emergency and trauma department should equip with the essential knowledge and skills of prehospital care but because of different settings and factors beyond their control, the knowledge and skills are often affected.
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