Knowledge Level on Breast Cancer and Breast Self-Examination (BSE) Practice Among Female University Students
Keywords:knowledge, risk factor, sign, symptom, breast cancer, breast self-examination, student, female
Introduction: Breast cancer is the most common cancer affecting women in Malaysia and therefore, it is important to recognize the early signs and symptoms of breast cancer. In addition, breast self?examination (BSE) also has been suggested as a valuable technique for the early diagnosis of breast cancer. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the level of knowledge on breast cancer and breast self-examination (BSE); and determine the practice of BSE among female student in International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan, Pahang.
Methods: A quantitative cross-sectional study with stratified random sampling method was conducted among 245 female students in IIUM Kuantan Campus, from April to May 2021. Data were gathered by using Google Forms platform which was available in English Language and were distributed to female undergraduate students. The questionnaire was adapted from three sets of questionnaires, Nimir et al., (2014), Erdem and Toktas (2016) and Tewabe and Mekuria (2019). Data analysis was done by using SPSS version 23.0.
Results: Majority of the participants (98.0%) have high knowledge regarding the knowledge on risk factors, signs and symptoms of breast cancer and breast self-examination (BSE). The result also showed that 31.0% participants never performed BSE. Most of them reported that the reasons that they do not perform BSE are due to lack of knowledge (35.1%), forgetfulness (33.9%) and negligence (21.6%). Around 36.3% participants reported that they do not know the technique that use to perform BSE.
Conclusion: Participants having high knowledge on breast cancer and BSE; however, the practice of BSE is still lacking. Therefore, BSE need to be more educate and promote its practice among young women for early detection of breast cancer and its prevention.
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