Exploring COVID-19 Vaccines Hesitancy Among The Muslim Community of The East Coast Region in Malaysia


  • Mohamad Firdaus Mohamad Ismail Department of Professional Nursing Studies, Kulliyyah of Nursing, International Islamic University Malaysia, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Nurul Nabila Syuhada Salim Homage Home Care Malaysia, Bukit Kiara, Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur.
  • Siti Zuhaidah Shahadan Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Kulliyyah of Nursing, International Islamic University Malaysia, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Nur Mursyidah Abdul Hamid Kulliyyah of Nursing, International Islamic University Malaysia, Pahang, Malaysia.
  • Tuan Sidek Tuan Muda Human Science Center, Universiti Malaysia Pahang Al-Sultan Abdullah, Pahang, Malaysia.
  • Falasifah Ani Yuniarti Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia.




Understanding, Misconception, Hesitancy, COVID-19 vaccination


Introduction: The development of vaccines against SARS-COV-2 infections has marked a significant milestone in the current COVID-19 pandemic. The COVID-19 vaccines can provide a way to prevent the pandemic. Despite the high acceptance rate, Pahang, Terengganu, and Kelantan (east coast region) remain the lowest vaccination rate in Malaysia. Most of Malaysia's population in the east coast region is Muslim, but there is no study exploring this phenomenon. Objective: This study aims to understand the COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy among Malaysia's Muslim community of the east coast region. Methodology: This study used a qualitative research design study. Six participants from the east coast region of Malaysia were recruited from February until June 2022. The recruitment techniques used purposive sampling methods. In-depth interviews with participants were used on virtual platforms. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis. Findings: Three themes were identified 1) source of information; they believe rumours spread by the anti-vaccine movement or their close family 2) safety issues concern; they are scared of potential side effects of the COVID-19 vaccine, 3) self-belief; they believe self-isolation and proper diet better than vaccine intervention. Conclusion: Although 95.7 per cent of the population is wholly vaccinated, some still do not intend to take any COVID-19 vaccination in Malaysia. This study can provide data and crucial information that will help develop strategies to remove the related hesitancy and improve public uptake of the COVID-19 vaccination.


Abd El Hakim Abdou, R., Samir Abou Donia, A., & Mohammed Saad Khaled, A. (2021). COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy, Protective Behaviors, and Risk Perception among University Students in Alexandria. Egyptian Journal of Health Care, 12(4), 108–122. https://doi.org/10.21608/ejhc.2021.195790

Alshurman, B. A., Khan, A. F., Mac, C., Majeed, M., & Butt, Z. A. (2021). What demographic, social, and contextual factors influence the intention to use covid-19 vaccines: A scoping review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(17). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179342

Engku Nuraishah Huda, E. Z., Khairool Azizul, M., Athirah, A., & Intan Azura, S. (2018). Vaccination: Influencing factors and view from an Islamic perspective. International Medical Journal Malaysia, 17(2), 273–280.

Kalam, M. A., Davis, T. P., Shano, S., Uddin, M. N., Islam, M. A., Kanwagi, R., Islam, A., Hassan, M. M., & Larson, H. J. (2021). Exploring the behavioral determinants of COVID-19 vaccine acceptance among an urban population in Bangladesh: Implications for behavior change interventions. PLoS ONE, 16(8 August), 1–21. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0256496

Mohamed, N. A., Solehan, H. M., Mohd Rani, M. D., Ithnin, M., & Isahak, C. I. C. (2021). Knowledge, acceptance and perception on COVID-19 vaccine among Malaysians: A web-based survey. PLoS ONE, 16(8 August), 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0256110

Saied, S. M., Saied, E. M., Kabbash, I. A., & Abdo, S. A. E. F. (2021). Vaccine hesitancy: Beliefs and barriers associated with COVID-19 vaccination among Egyptian medical students. Journal of Medical Virology, 93(7), 4280–4291. https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.26910

Sallam, M., Dababseh, D., Eid, H., Hasan, H., Taim, D., Al-Mahzoum, K., Al-Haidar, A., Yaseen, A., Ababneh, N. A., Assaf, A., Bakri, F. G., Matar, S., & Mahafzah, A. (2021). Low covid-19 vaccine acceptance is correlated with conspiracy beliefs among university students in Jordan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(5), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052407

Syed Alwi, S. A. R., Rafidah, E., Zurraini, A., Juslina, O., Brohi, I. B., & Lukas, S. (2021). A survey on COVID-19 vaccine acceptance and concern among Malaysians. BMC Public Health, 21(1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-11071-6

Troiano, G., & Nardi, A. (2021). Vaccine hesitancy in the era of COVID-19. Public Health, 194, 245–251. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2021.02.025

Wang, M. W., Wen, W., Wang, N., Zhou, M. Y., Wang, C. Y., Ni, J., Jiang, J. J., Zhang, X. W., Feng, Z. H., & Cheng, Y. R. (2021). COVID-19 Vaccination Acceptance Among Healthcare Workers and Non-healthcare Workers in China: A Survey. Frontiers in Public Health, 9(August), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2021.709056




How to Cite

Mohamad Ismail, M. F. ., Salim, N. N. S., Shahadan, S. Z., Abdul Hamid, N. . M., Tuan Muda, T. S., & Falasifah Ani Yuniarti. (2023). Exploring COVID-19 Vaccines Hesitancy Among The Muslim Community of The East Coast Region in Malaysia. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARE SCHOLARS, 6(2), 51–58. https://doi.org/10.31436/ijcs.v6i2.271

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>