Correlation Between Nurses' Body Mass Index (BMI) and Their Attitude Towards Obese Patients
Keywords:nurses, negative attitude, body mass index, obesity
Introduction: Obesity is categorised as a non-communicable disease and has become a global problem and it is a significant risk factor in developing medical conditions such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, diabetes and others. Healthcare providers, especially nurses, play an important role in assisting and providing support to patients with weight problems. As the prevalence of overweight and obesity has risen, the report regarding negative attitudes among nurses, against obese people also has increased. As such, this study aims to examine the relationship between nurses' body mass index and their attitude toward obese patients.
Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted, and random sampling method was applied in selecting the study setting. One hundred and seven nurses were recruited from a variety of primary health clinics throughout Kuantan, Pahang. After obtaining informed consent, the questionnaires were distributed to the participants.
Results: Out of 107 participants, 84.1% showed a positive attitude towards obese patients. There is no significant association between the body mass index of nurses and their attitude towards obese patients as the significant value (p-value) is greater than 0.05.
Conclusion: In conclusion, the current study shows that nurses should maintain a positive attitude as it has been shown to boost the efficiency of nursing intervention and minimize biased attitudes.
Who Health Organization. Obesity and overweight. 2018. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/obesity-and-overweight
Who Health Organization. Malaysia and WHO call for more investment in primary health care the 21st century. 2019. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/malaysia/news/detail/08-04-2019-malaysia-and-who-call-for-more-investment-in-primary-health-care-the-21st-century
Mohamad Nor NS, Ambak R, Mohd Zaki N, Abdul Aziz NS, Cheong SM, Abd Razak MA, et al. (2018). An update on obesity research pattern among adults in Malaysia: A scoping review. BMC Women's Health. 2018;18 (Suppl 1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12905-018-0590-4
Creel E, Tillman K. Stigmatization of Overweight Patients by Nurses. 2011;16 (5):1330–1351
Torre BDS, Courvoisier DS, Saldarriaga A, Martin XE, Farpour-Lambert NJ. Knowledge, attitudes, representations and declared practices of nurses and physicians about obesity in a university hospital: training is essential. Clinical Obesity. 2018; 8 (2):122–130. https://doi.org/10.1111/cob.12238
Zhu D, Norman IJ, While AE. (2011). The relationship between health professionals' weight status and attitudes towards weight management: A systematic review. Obesity Reviews. 2011;12 (501):324–337. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-789X.2010.00841.x
Keyworth C, Peters S, Chisholm A, Hart J. Nursing students' perceptions of obesity and behaviour change: Implications for undergraduate nurse education. Nurse Education Today. 2013;33 (5):481–485. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2012.05.016
Mohamed MJ, Ochola S, Owino VO. Comparison of knowledge, attitudes and practices on exclusive breastfeeding between primiparous and multiparous mothers attending Wajir District hospital, Wajir County, Kenya: a cross-sectional analytical study. Int Breastfeed Journal. 2018;13 (11). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13006-018-0151-3
Kable A, James C, Snodgrass S, Plotnikoff R, Guest M, Ashby S. et al. (2015). Nurse provision of healthy lifestyle advice to people who are overweight or obese. Nursing and Health Sciences. 2015;17 (4):451–459. https://doi.org/10.1111/nhs.12214
Budd GM., Mariotti M, Graff D, Falkenstein, K. Health care professionals' attitudes about obesity: An integrative review. Applied Nursing Research. 2011;24 (3):127–137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnr.2009.05.001
Lee S, Calamaro C. Nursing Bias and the Obese Patient?: The Role of the Clinical Nurse Leader in Improving Care of the Obese Patient. 2012;7 (3). https://doi.org/10.1089/bar.2012.9968
Hunter J, Rawlings-Anderson K, Lindsay T, Bowden T, Aitken LM. Exploring student nurses' attitudes towards those who are obese and whether these attitudes change following a simulated activity. Nurse Education Today. 2018;65 (October 2017):225–231. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2018.03.013
Salziyan B, Norwat, D, Ismail S. (2018). Does Body Mass Index of Nursing Students Correlate with Their Attitude towards Obesity? Asian Journal of Medicine and Biomedicine. 2018;2 (1):4–9.
Nicholls W, Pilsbury L, Blake M, Devonport TJ. Nurse Education Today The attitudes of student nurses towards obese patients?: A questionnaire study exploring the association between perceived causal factors and advice giving. YNEDT. 2016; 37: 33–37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2015.11.009