INVESTIGATION OF MAGNETIC PROPERTIES FOR DIFFERENT COIL SIZES OF DYNAMIC WIRELESS CHARGING PADS FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES (EV)

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31436/iiumej.v21i1.1108

Keywords:

Electric Vehicle (EV), magnetic properties, wireless power transfer, inductive charging, circular coil

Abstract

Electric vehicles (EV) have been introduced in the recent years due to public awareness of the effect of gas emission from traditional cars and the extinction of petroleum natural resources. For charging EV, dynamic wireless charging is considered in this paper. This is because it is more convenient and saves charging time since it charges the electric vehicle while moving. The main challenge of this process is to maintain a high amount of power transfer from primary to secondary coil. One of the factors contributing to a good power transfer is the size of the coil [1]. There are various designs of coil for wireless charging of electric vehicles (EV). Among the most common designs are circular pad (CP), rectangular pad (RP), double-D pad (DDP), and double-D quadrature pad (DDQP). In this paper, circular pad (CP) is chosen for use, due to its simplicity in design and good electrical and magnetic properties. Three different coil pair sizes are tested to find the most suitable coil pair for the primary and secondary pads that has the maximum power transfer and is least sensitive to misalignment. The magnetic properties have been investigated to obtain the highest value of magnetic flux. The geometry design of the pads and simulation was done using COMSOL Multiphysics software. From the simulation, it was found that the unsymmetrical coil pair gives high magnetic strength when the outer diameters of the primary and secondary coils have the same value.

ABSTRAK: Kenderaan Elektrik (EV) telah diperkenalkan sejak beberapa tahun ini hasil kesedaran awam tentang kesan pembebasan gas dari kenderaan lama dan pengurangan sumber asli petroleum. Kajian ini berkaitan pengecas dinamik tanpa wayar bagi mengecas EV. Ini kerana pengecas ini lebih sesuai dan jimat masa mengecas kerana kenderaan elektrik dicas ketika bergerak. Cabaran utama proses ini adalah mengekalkan pemindahan tenaga yang tinggi daripada gegelung primer kepada gegelung sekunder. Salah satu faktor bagi mendapatkan pemindahan tenaga yang tinggi adalah saiz gegelung wayar [1]. Terdapat pelbagai bentuk gegelung bagi mengecas kenderaan elektrik (EV) tanpa wayar. Antaranya adalah pad membulat (CP), pad segiempat tepat (RP), pad berganda-D (DDP), dan pad kuadratur berganda-D (DDQP). Kajian ini telah menggunakan pad membulat (CP) kerana reka bentuknya yang ringkas dan ia mempunyai sifat elektrikal dan magnatik yang baik. Tiga pasang gegelung berbeza telah diuji bagi mendapatkan pasangan gegelung pad primer dan sekunder yang paling sesuai di mana ianya mempunyai pemindahan tenaga maksima dan paling kurang sensitif pada ketidakjajaran. Sifat magnet telah diuji bagi mendapatkan nilai fluks magnet tertinggi. Rekabentuk geometri pad dan simulasi telah dijalankan menggunakan perisian Multifizik COMSOL. Hasil simulasi mendapati pasangan gegelung yang tidak simetri telah menghasilkan kekuatan magnetik tertinggi apabila diameter luaran gegelung primer dan sekunder mempunyai nilai sama.

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Published

2020-01-20 — Updated on 2020-01-20

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How to Cite

Zaini, S. A., Yusoff, S. H., Abdullah, A. A., Khan, S., Abd Rahman, F. ., & Nanda, N. N. . (2020). INVESTIGATION OF MAGNETIC PROPERTIES FOR DIFFERENT COIL SIZES OF DYNAMIC WIRELESS CHARGING PADS FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES (EV). IIUM Engineering Journal, 21(1), 23 - 32. https://doi.org/10.31436/iiumej.v21i1.1108

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Section

Electrical, Computer and Communications Engineering

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