• M. Norhafana International Islamic University Malaysia
  • Ahmad Faris Ismail International Islamic University Malaysia
  • Z. A. A. Majid International Islamic University Malaysia


Solar water heating systems is one of the applications of solar energy. One of the components of a solar water heating system is a solar collector that consists of an absorber. The performance of the solar water heating system depends on the absorber in the solar collector. In countries with unsuitable weather conditions, the indoor testing of solar collectors with the use of a solar simulator is preferred. Thus, this study is conducted to use a multilayered absorber in the solar collector of a solar water heating system as well as to evaluate the performance of the solar collector in terms of useful heat of the multilayered absorber using the multidirectional ability of a solar simulator at several values of solar radiation. It is operated at three variables of solar radiation of 400 W/m2, 550 W/m2 and 700 W/m2 and using three different positions of angles at 0º, 45º and 90º. The results show that the multilayer absorber in the solar collector is only able to best adapt at 45° of solar simulator with different values of radiation intensity. At this angle the maximum values of useful heat and temperature difference are achieved.


KEYWORDS: solar water heating system; solar collector; multilayered absorber; solar simulator; solar radiation 


Download data is not yet available.


[1] S. Mekhilef, R. Saidur, and a. Safari, “A review on solar energy use in industries,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 1777–1790, May 2011.
[2] C.-D. Ho, T.-C. Chen, and C.-J. Tsai, “Experimental and theoretical studies of recyclic flat-plate solar water heaters equipped with rectangle conduits,” Renew. Energy, vol. 35, no. 10, pp. 2279–2287, Oct. 2010.
[3] S. Mekhilef, a. Safari, W. E. S. Mustaffa, R. Saidur, R. Omar, and M. a. a. Younis, “Solar energy in Malaysia: Current state and prospects,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 386–396, Jan. 2012.
[4] V. Devabhaktuni, M. Alam, S. Shekara Sreenadh Reddy Depuru, R. C. Green, D. Nims, and C. Near, “Solar energy: Trends and enabling technologies,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 19, pp. 555–564, Mar. 2013.
[5] S. Kalogirou, Solar Energy Engineering Processes and Systems. 2009.
[6] Zafri Azran Abdul Majid, M. Y. Othman, M. H. Ruslan, S. Mat, B. Ali, A. Zaharim, and K. Sopian, “Multifunctional Solar Thermal Collector for Heat Pump Application,” pp. 342–346, 2007.
[7] S. Sadhishkumar and T. Balusamy, “Performance improvement in solar water heating systems - A review,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 37, pp. 191–198, Sep. 2014.
[8] L. Liu, Z. Wang, H. Zhang, and Y. Xue, “Solar energy development in China—A review,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 301–311, Jan. 2010.
[9] G. T. Tucho, P. D. M. Weesie, and S. Nonhebel, “Assessment of renewable energy resources potential for large scale and standalone applications in Ethiopia,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 40, pp. 422–431, Dec. 2014.
[10] Y. G. Yin, “Design and Application of Solar Water Heater Intelligent Control System,” 2009 Int. Conf. Energy Environ. Technol., pp. 580–583, 2009.
[11] M. Srinivas, “Domestic solar hot water systems: Developments, evaluations and essentials for ‘viability’ with a special reference to India,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 3850–3861, Oct. 2011.
[12] M. K. A. Sharif, a. a. Al-Abidi, S. Mat, K. Sopian, M. H. Ruslan, M. Y. Sulaiman, and M. a. M. Rosli, “Review of the application of phase change material for heating and domestic hot water systems,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 42, pp. 557–568, Feb. 2015.
How to Cite
Norhafana, M., Ismail, A. F., & Majid, Z. A. A. (2015). PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF SOLAR COLLECTORS USING A SOLAR SIMULATOR. IIUM Engineering Journal, 16(2), 79-90.

Most read articles by the same author(s)