A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF RIVER REHABILITATION EXPERIENCES
Rehabilitation of polluted rivers has gained great importance to many countries in the world since the last century as the river is a vital water resource and it is being altered because of urbanization and industrialization causing great threat to the environment. Literatures on river rehabilitation projects have been reviewed focusing on the developing part of the world such as USA, UK, Japan etc. Rehabilitation issues of rivers crossing borders have also been discussed in this paper. Key lessons from different experiences in different regions have been extracted and comparison has been done. Statistics on different experiences has also been presented. Finally, some guidelines have been provided based on different experiences, which should be helpful for developed and developing nations making river rehabilitation efforts.
Abstract - 51 PDF - 68
A. D. Buijse, H. Coops, M. Staras, L. Jans, G. Van Geest, R. Grift, B. W. Ibelings, W. Oosterberg, F. C. Roozen, Restoration strategies for river floodplains along large lowland rivers in Europe. Freshwater biology 47, 889-907 (2002).
I. D. Rutherfurd, N. Marsh, K. Jerie, A rehabilitation manual for Australian streams. (Land and Water Resources Research and Development Corporation and Cooperative Research Centre for Catchment Hydrology Canberra, Australia, 2000), vol. 1.
B. L. Rhoads, D. Wilson, M. Urban, E. E. Herricks, Interaction between scientists and nonscientists in community-based watershed management: emergence of the concept of stream naturalization. Environmental management 24, 297-308 (1999).
R. E. Sparks, Need for ecosystem management of large rivers and their floodplains. BioScience 45, 168-182 (1995).
I. o. M. Staff, N. R. C. Staff, The Missouri River Ecosystem: Exploring the Prospects for Recovery. (National Academies Press, 2002).
P. Roni, T. J. Beechie, R. E. Bilby, F. E. Leonetti, M. M. Pollock, G. R. Pess, A review of stream restoration techniques and a hierarchical strategy for prioritizing restoration in Pacific Northwest watersheds. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 22, 1-20 (2002).
J. A. Stanford, J. Ward, W. J. Liss, C. A. Frissell, R. N. Williams, J. A. Lichatowich, C. C. Coutant, A general protocol for restoration of regulated rivers. US Department of Energy Publications, 43 (1996).
M. M. Brinson, A. I. Malvárez, Temperate freshwater wetlands: types, status, and threats. Environmental conservation 29, 115-133 (2002).
B. Malmqvist, S. Rundle, Threats to the running water ecosystems of the world. Environmental conservation 29, 134-153 (2002).
K. Tockner, J. A. Stanford, Riverine flood plains: present state and future trends. Environmental conservation 29, 308-330 (2002).
N. E. Peters, M. Meybeck, Water quality degradation effects on freshwater availability: impacts of human activities. Water International 25, 185-193 (2000).
M. J. Paul, J. L. Meyer, Streams in the urban landscape. Annual review of Ecology and Systematics, 333-365 (2001).
M. E. Assessment, Ecosystems and human well-being. (Washington, DC: Island Press, 2003), vol. 200.
S. A. Morley, J. R. Karr, Assessing and restoring the health of urban streams in the Puget Sound basin. Conservation Biology 16, 1498-1509 (2002).
C. J. Walsh, Urban impacts on the ecology of receiving waters: a framework for assessment, conservation and restoration. Hydrobiologia 431, 107-114 (2000).
M. G. Del Tánago, D. G. De Jalón, M. Román, River restoration in Spain: theoretical and practical approach in the context of the European Water Framework Directive. Environmental management 50, 123-139 (2012).
D. Malakoff, The river doctor. Science 305, 937 (2004).
M. Palmer, E. Bernhardt, J. Allan, P. Lake, G. Alexander, S. Brooks, J. Carr, S. Clayton, C. Dahm, J. Follstad Shah, Standards for ecologically successful river restoration. Journal of applied ecology 42, 208-217 (2005).
P. W. Downs, G. M. Kondolf, Post-project appraisals in adaptive management of river channel restoration. Environmental Management 29, 477-496 (2002).
P. Roni, K. Hanson, T. Beechie, Global review of the physical and biological effectiveness of stream habitat rehabilitation techniques. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 28, 856-890 (2008).
P. Lake, On the maturing of restoration: linking ecological research and restoration. Ecological Management & Restoration 2, 110-115 (2001).
K. NAKAMURA, River restoration efforts in Japan: overview and perspective. Public Works Research Institute, Japan. http:// www. pwri. go. jp/ eng/ activity/ pdf/ reports/ k. nakamura 80601, (2008).
Y. SHIMATANI, Restoration of river channel morphology at the Nagata Area in the Tama River. Ecology and Civil Engineering 5, 233-240 (2003).
T. MINAGAWA, Y. SHIMATANI, STUDY OF INDICES FOR RIVER RESTORATION ON BRAIDED RIVER. Environmental systems research 27, 237-246 (1999).
J. M. Helfield, J. Engström, J. T. Michel, C. Nilsson, R. Jansson, Effects of river restoration on riparian biodiversity in secondary channels of the Pite River, Sweden. Environmental management 49, 130-141 (2012).
N. Bond, P. Lake, Local habitat restoration in streams: constraints on the effectiveness of restoration for stream biota. Ecological Management & Restoration 4, 193-198 (2003).
R. B. Jacobson, D. L. Galat, Flow and form in rehabilitation of large-river ecosystems: an example from the Lower Missouri River. Geomorphology 77, 249-269 (2006).
M. Palmer, J. D. Allan, J. Meyer, E. S. Bernhardt, River restoration in the twenty‐first century: data and experiential knowledge to inform future efforts. Restoration Ecology 15, 472-481 (2007).
J. Koehn, in Native Fish Habitat Rehabilitation and Management in the Murray-Darling Basin: Statement, Rrecommendations and Supporting Papers. Proceedings of a workshop held in Albury. (2004), pp. 10-11.
E. Wohl, P. L. Angermeier, B. Bledsoe, G. M. Kondolf, L. MacDonnell, D. M. Merritt, M. A. Palmer, N. L. Poff, D. Tarboton, River restoration. Water Resources Research 41, (2005).
P. M. Chapman, The Sediment Quality Triad: then, now and tomorrow. International Journal of Environment and Pollution 13, 351-356 (2000).
C. A. Frissell, R. K. Nawa, Incidence and causes of physical failure of artificial habitat structures in streams of western Oregon and Washington. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 12, 182-197 (1992).
G. Reeves, J. Hall, T. Roelofs, T. Hickman, C. Baker, Rehabilitating and modifying stream habitats. (1991).
J. Madsen, Impacts of disturbance on migratory waterfowl. Ibis 137, S67-S74 (1995).
M. Jungwirth, S. Muhar, S. Schmutz, Re‐establishing and assessing ecological integrity in riverine landscapes. Freshwater Biology 47, 867-887 (2002).
E. Bernhardt, M. Palmer, J. Allan, G. Alexander, S. Brooks, J. Carr, C. Dahm, J. Follstad-Shah, D. Galat, S. Gloss, Restoration of US rivers: A national synthesis. Science 308, 636-637 (2005).
G. G. Alexander, J. D. Allan, Stream restoration in the Upper Midwest, USA. Restoration Ecology 14, 595-604 (2006).
G. Reeves, D. Hohler, B. Hansen, F. Everest, J. Sedell, T. Hickman, D. Shively, Fish habitat restoration in the Pacific Northwest: fish creek of Oregon. Watershed Restoration: Principles and Practices., 335-359 (1997).
G. Wharton, D. J. Gilvear, River restoration in the UK: Meeting the dual needs of the European Union Water Framework Directive and flood defence? International Journal of River Basin Management 5, 143-154 (2007).
N. Bannister, J. Mant, M. Janes, A review of catchment scale river restoration projects in the UK. The River Restoration Centre, Report–December, (2005).
T. E. Grantham, A. M. Merenlender, V. H. Resh, Climatic influences and anthropogenic stressors: an integrated framework for streamflow management in Mediterranean‐climate California, USA. Freshwater Biology 55, 188-204 (2010).
J. Hooke, Human impacts on fluvial systems in the Mediterranean region. Geomorphology 79, 311-335 (2006).
C. K. Feld, S. Birk, D. C. Bradley, D. Hering, J. Kail, A. Marzin, A. Melcher, D. Nemitz, M. L. Pedersen, F. Pletterbauer, From natural to degraded rivers and back again: a test of restoration ecology theory and practice. Advances in Ecological Research 44, 119-209 (2011).
E. Morán-Tejeda, A. Ceballos-Barbancho, J. M. Llorente-Pinto, Hydrological response of Mediterranean headwaters to climate oscillations and land-cover changes: The mountains of Duero River basin (Central Spain). Global and Planetary Change 72, 39-49 (2010).
B. Madsen, P. Boon, P. Lake, S. Bunn, C. Dahm, T. Langford, M. Zalewski, Ecological principles and stream restoration. Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie Verhandlungen 29, 2045-2050 (2006).
K. Aarestrup, A. Koed, Survival of migrating sea trout (Salmo trutta) and Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) smolts negotiating weirs in small Danish rivers. Ecology of Freshwater Fish 12, 169-176 (2003).
P. Cottingham, M. Thoms, G. Quinn, Scientific panels and their use in environmental flow assessment in Australia. Australian Journal of Water Resources 5, 103-111 (2002).
N. W. Chan, A. L. Abdullah, A. L. Ibrahim, S. Ghazali, River pollution and restoration towards sustainable water resources management in Malaysia. (2003).
M. H. Chun, W. N. A. Sulaiman, M. A. A. Samah, A case study on public participation for the conservation of a tropical urban river. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies 21, 821-829 (2012).
F. Schiemer, C. Baumgartner, K. Tockner, Restoration of floodplain rivers: The'Danube restoration project'. Regulated Rivers: Research & Management 15, 231-244 (1999).
K. Tockner, F. Schiemer, J. Ward, Conservation by restoration: the management concept for a river-floodplain system on the Danube River in Austria. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 8, 71-86 (1998).
T. Hein, C. Baranyi, G. J. Herndl, W. Wanek, F. Schiemer, Allochthonous and autochthonous particulate organic matter in floodplains of the River Danube: the importance of hydrological connectivity. Freshwater Biology 48, 220-232 (2003).
P. Huisman, J. De Jong, K. Wieriks, Transboundary cooperation in shared river basins: experiences from the Rhine, Meuse and North Sea. Water Policy 2, 83-97 (2000).
F. Van den Brink, G. Van der Velde, A. Buijse, A. Klink, Biodiversity in the lower Rhine and Meuse river-floodplains: its significance for ecological river management. Netherland Journal of Aquatic Ecology 30, 129-149 (1996).
A. Vaate, Degradation and recovery of the freshwater fauna in the lower sections of the rivers Rhine and Meuse. ([sn], 2003).
A. Najafi, J. Vatanfada, Environmental challenges in trans-boundary waters, case study: Hamoon Hirmand Wetland (Iran and Afghanistan). International Journal of Water Resources and Arid Environments 1, 16-24 (2011).
J.-P. Venot, F. Molle, R. Courcier, Dealing with closed basins: the case of the Lower Jordan River Basin. Water Resources Development 24, 247-263 (2008).
M. Mehyar, N. Al Khateeb, G. Bromberg, E. Koch-Ya’ari, Transboundary cooperation in the Lower Jordan River Basin. Water and post-conflict peacebuilding, (2014).
S. Gafny, S. Talozi, B. Al Sheikh, Towards a Living Jordan River. (2010).
E. Bernhardt, National River Restoration Science Synthesis (NRRSS) statistics page for all node areas. US Geological Survey. Available: nrrss. nbii. gov.(December 2005), (2005).
E. S. Bernhardt, E. B. Sudduth, M. A. Palmer, J. D. Allan, J. L. Meyer, G. Alexander, J. Follastad‐Shah, B. Hassett, R. Jenkinson, R. Lave, Restoring rivers one reach at a time: results from a survey of US river restoration practitioners. Restoration Ecology 15, 482-493 (2007).
- There are currently no refbacks.
IIUM Engineering Journal by http://journals.iium.edu.my/ejournal/index.php/iiumej/index is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License