Operational characteristics optimization of human-computer system


  • Zulquernain Mallick
  • Irfan Anjum Badruddin magami
  • Khaleed Hussain Tandur




Computer operational parameters are having vital influence on the operators efficiency from readability viewpoint. Four parameters namely font, text/background color, viewing angle and viewing distance are analyzed. The text reading task, in the form of English text, was presented on the computer screen to the participating subjects and their performance, measured in terms of number of words read per minute (NWRPM), was recorded. For the purpose of optimization, the Taguchi method is used to find the optimal parameters to maximize operators’ efficiency for performing readability task. Two levels of each parameter have been considered in this study. An orthogonal array, the signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio and the analysis of variance (ANOVA) were employed to investigate the operators’ performance/efficiency. Results showed that Times Roman font, black text on white background, 40 degree viewing angle and 60 cm viewing distance, the subjects were quite comfortable, efficient and read maximum number of words per minute. Text/background color was dominant parameter with a percentage contribution of 76.18% towards the laid down objective followed by font type at 18.17%, viewing distance 7.04% and viewing angle 0.58%. Experimental results are provided to confirm the effectiveness of this approach.


Download data is not yet available.




How to Cite

Mallick, Z., magami, I. A. B., & Tandur, K. H. (2010). Operational characteristics optimization of human-computer system. IIUM Engineering Journal, 8(1), 35–47. https://doi.org/10.31436/iiumej.v8i1.86