• Mohammad Yeakub Ali International Islamic University Malaysia
  • Wan Norsyazila Jailani International Islamic University Malaysia
  • Mohamed Rahman International Islamic University Malaysia
  • Muhammad Hasibul Hasan International Islamic University Malaysia
  • Asfana Banu International Islamic University Malaysia




Cutting fluid plays an important role in machining processes to achieve dimensional accuracy in reducing tool wear and improving the tool life. Conventional flood cooling method in machining processes is not cost effective and consumption of huge amount of cutting fluids is not healthy and environmental friendly. In micromachining, flood cooling is not recommended to avoid possible damage of the microstructures. Therefore, one of the alternatives to overcome the environmental issues to use minimum quantity of lubrication (MQL) in machining process. MQL is eco-friendly and has economical advantage on manufacturing cost. However, there observed lack of study on MQL in improving machined surface roughness in micromilling. Study of the effects of MQL on surface roughness should be carried out because surface roughness is one of the important issues in micromachined parts such as microfluidic channels. This paper investigates and compares surface roughness with the presence of MQL and dry cutting in micromilling of aluminium alloy 1100 using DT-110 milling machine. The relationship among depth of cut, feed rate, and spindle speed on surface roughness is also analyzed. All three machining parameters identified as significant for surface roughness with dry cutting which are depth of cut, feed rate, and spindle speed. For surface roughness with MQL, it is found that spindle speed did not give much influence on surface roughness. The presence of MQL provides a better surface roughness by decreasing the friction between tool and workpiece.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


[1] Cheng X, Wang Z, Nakamoto K, Yamazaki K. A study on the micro tooling for micro/nano milling. Int J. Adv Manuf Technol 2011; 53: 523-533.

[2] Wang JS, Gong YD, Abba G, Chen K, Shi JS, Cai GQ. Surface generation analysis in micro end-milling considering the influences of grain. Microsyst Technol 2008; 14(7): 937-942.

[3] Li KM, Wang SL. Effect of tool wear in ultrasonic vibration-assisted micro-milling. P I Mech Eng B-J Eng 2014; 228(6): 874-855.

[4] Ucun I, Aslantas K, Bedir F. An experimental investigation of the effect of coating material on tool wear in micro milling of Inconel 718 super alloy. Wear 2013; 300(1): 8-19.

[5] Fink J, Thery M, Azioune A, Dupont R, Chatelain F, Bornens M, Piel M. Comparative study and improvement of current cell micro-patterning techniques. Lab on a Chip 2007; 7(6): 672-680.

[6] Kancharla VV, Chen S. Fabrication of biodegradable polymeric micro-devices using laser micromachining. Biomed Microdevices 2002; 4(2): 105-109.

[7] Shahrom MS, Yahya NM, Yusoff AR. Taguchi method approach on effect of lubrication condition on surface roughness in milling operation. Procedia Engineering 2013; 53: 594-599.

[8] Kajaria S, Chittipolu S, Adera S, Hung WN. Micromilling in minimum quantity lubrication. Mach Sci Technol 2012; 16(4): 524-546.

[9] Yerkes KL, Dorian J. Micro-cooler for chip-level temperature control. In Aero System Power Conference; 1999; Arizona; 01-1404.

[10] Burton G, Goo CS, Zhang Y, Jun MB. Use of vegetable oil in water emulsion achieved through ultrasonic atomization as cutting fluids in micro-milling. J Manuf Process 2014; 16: 405-413.

[11] Zhong W, Zhao D, Wang X. A comparative study on dry milling and little quantity lubricant milling based on vibration signals. Int J Mach Tool Manu 2010; 50(12): 1057-1064.

[12] Machado AR, Wallbank J. The effect of extremely low lubricant volumes in machining. Wear 1997; 210(1): 76--82.

[13] Superkar SD, Clarens AF, Stephenson DA, Skerlos SJ. Performance of supercritical carbon dioxide sprays as coolants and lubricants in representative metalworking operations. J Mater Process Tech 2012; 212(12): 2652-2658.

[14] Machai C, Iqbal A, Biermann D, Upmeier T, Schumann S. On the effects of cutting speed and cooling methodologies in grooving operation of various tempers of β-titanium alloy. J Mater Process Tech 2013; 213(7): 1027-1037.

[15] Shaikh V, Bouberi N, Scharf TW. Analyzing the effectiveness of microlubrication using a vegetable oil-based metal working fluid during end milling AISI 1018 steel. Int J Manuf Eng 2014.

[16] Biermann D, Iovkov I. Modelling and simulation of heat input in deep-hole drilling with drills and MQL. Procedia CIRP 2013; 8: 87-92.

[17] Rakurty CS, Vrela PI, Balaji AK. Effects of targeted minimum quatity fluid (MQF) application on surface integrity. Procedia CIRP 2013; 8: 461-467.

[18] Chae J, Park SS, Freiheit T. Investigation of micro-cutting operations. Int J Mach Tool Manu 2006; 46(3-4): 313-332.


Additional Files



How to Cite

Ali, M. Y., Jailani, W. N., Rahman, M., Hasan, M. H., & Banu, A. (2017). EFFECT OF MINIMUM QUANTITY LUBRICATION ON SURFACE ROUGHNESS IN TOOL-BASED MICROMILLING. IIUM Engineering Journal, 18(1), 147–154. https://doi.org/10.31436/iiumej.v18i1.638



Materials and Manufacturing Engineering

Most read articles by the same author(s)