• Zakaria Mohd. Amin Queensland University of Technology, Australia.
  • M. N. A. Hawlader International Islamic University Malaysia.
  • YE Shaochun National University of Singapore.



Solar energy is considered a sustainable resource that poses little to no harmful effects on the environment. The performance of a solar system depends to a great extent on the collector used for the conversion of solar radiant energy to thermal energy. A solar evaporator-collector (SEC) is basically an unglazed flat plate collector where refrigerants, such as R134a is used as the working fluid. As the operating temperature of the SEC is very low, it utilizes both solar irradiation and ambient energy leading to a much higher efficiency than the conventional collectors. This capability of SECs to utilize ambient energy also enables the system to operate at night. This type of collector can be locally made and is relatively much cheaper than the conventional collector.   At the National University of Singapore, the evaporator-collector was integrated to a heat pump and the performance was investigated for several thermal applications: (i) water heating, (ii) drying and (iii) desalination. A 2-dimensional transient mathematical model of this system was developed and validated by experimental data. The present study provides a comprehensive study of performance.


KEYWORDS: heat pump; evaporator-collector.


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How to Cite

Amin, Z. M., Hawlader, M. N. A., & Shaochun, Y. (2015). ANALYSIS AND MODELING OF SOLAR EVAPORATOR-COLLECTOR. IIUM Engineering Journal, 16(2), 13–29.