INVESTIGATION OF GEOTECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS OF SAND DUNE SOIL: A CASE STUDY AROUND BAIJI IN IRAQ

  • Abbas J. Al-Taie Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Baghdad, Iraq.
  • Yousif J. Al-Shakarchi Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Baghdad, Iraq.
  • Ali A Mohammed Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, National University of Malaysia UKM.

Abstract

ABSTRACT: While more than half the land surface of Iraq consists of deserts covered mainly with sand dunes, little research has taken place to study the characteristics and the behavior of dune soils. This paper directed toward studying the geotechnical properties of dune sands taken from Baiji city (northwest of Iraq). A vast laboratory testing program was carried out to achieve the purpose of this paper. The physical tests, chemical tests, X-ray diffraction analysis, permeability test, compaction characteristics, compressibility and collapsibility tests; and shear strength tests were included in this program. The results indicate that soil of Baiji sand dune exhibits prefer engineering properties according to their state. As such, this soil is considered suitable for use in geotechnical constructions.

 

ABSTRAK: Walaupun lebih separuh daripada bumi Iraq terdiri daripada gurun yang dipenuhi dengan bukit-bukit pasir, tidak banyak penyelidikan dijalankan untuk mengkaji sifat-sifat dan ciri-ciri tanah pasir  tersebut. Kertas kerja ini menyelidik sifat geoteknikal bukit pasir yang diambil dari pekan Baiji (di bahagian barat utara Iraq).  Program penyelidikan makmal yang menyeluruh telah  dijalankan bagi mencapai objektif kajian ini. Ujian fizikal, ujian kimia, analisis belauan sinar-x, ujian kebolehtelapan, ciri pemadatan, faktor ketermampatan, ujian keruntuhan dan ujian kekuatan ricih diambilkira dalam program ini. Keputusan menunjukkan bahawa tanih bukit pasir Baiji mengutamakan ciri kejuruteraan berdasarkan keadaannya. Oleh itu, tanah ini dianggap sesuai untuk kegunaan pembinaan geoteknikal.

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Author Biographies

Abbas J. Al-Taie, Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Baghdad, Iraq.
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Yousif J. Al-Shakarchi, Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Baghdad, Iraq.
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Ali A Mohammed, Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, National University of Malaysia UKM.
Civil Eng
Published
2013-11-19
How to Cite
Al-Taie, A. J., Al-Shakarchi, Y. J., & Mohammed, A. A. (2013). INVESTIGATION OF GEOTECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS OF SAND DUNE SOIL: A CASE STUDY AROUND BAIJI IN IRAQ. IIUM Engineering Journal, 14(2). https://doi.org/10.31436/iiumej.v14i2.408
Section
Articles