Conventional Treatment of Surface Water Using Moringa Oleifera Seeds Extract as a Primary Coagulant
AbstractThe present study involved the use of a model pilot scale water treatment plant to treat turbid surface water from a stream using processed Moringa oleifera seed with 25 % w/w oil extracted as primary coagulant. The water treatment plant was made up of four unit operations: coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation, and filtration (rapid sand filter). Test runs were carried out for three hours per run over a three-month period with turbidities ranging from 18 to 261 NTU. The turbidity, pH, and alkalinity as well as the filter head loss were measured every 30 minutes during the experimental runs. Average turbidity removal of up to 96 % at an effective doses of 20 and 30 mg/l of oil extracted M. oleifera for low (< 50 NTU) and moderate turbidity (< 100 NTU) water respectively was observed doses 50 – 80 mg/l for high turbidity (> 100 NTU) water. M. oleifera seed extract was found to have no significant effect on pH or alkalinity of the water. The residual turbidities measured during most of the test runs satisfied the Malaysian Guideline for Drinking Water Supplies.
Key Words: Moringa oleifera, primary coagulant, coagulation, pilot plant, filtration.
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