Performance Enhancement in L-Band Edfa Through Dual Stage Technique

  • S. W. Harun and H. Ahmad Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur


An experiment on gain enhancement in the long wavelength band erbium doped fiber amplifier (L-band EDFA) is demonstrated. It uses a dual stage technique with dual forward pumping scheme. Compared to a conventional single stage amplifier, the small signal gain for 1580nm signal can be improved by 5.5dB without paying much noise figure penalty. The corresponding noise figure penalty was 0.3dB due to the insertion loss of the optical isolator. The optimum pump power ratio for the first pump is experimentally determined to be 33%. The maximum gain improvement of 8.3dB was obtained at a signal wavelength of 1568nm while signal and total pump powers were fixed at -30dBm and 92mW, respectively. The employment of dual stage amplifier system seems to play an important role in the development of practical L-band EDFA from the perspective of economical usage of pump power.
Key Words:  erbium doped fibre; optical amplifier; L-band EDFA; dual stage EDFA; amplified spontaneous emission


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How to Cite
H. Ahmad, S. W. H. and. (1). Performance Enhancement in L-Band Edfa Through Dual Stage Technique. IIUM Engineering Journal, 4(1).