IMPROVE THE EFFICIENCY OF THE POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM USING THE GENETIC ALGORITHM TO DETERMINE THE OPTIMUM LOCATION AND FACTS DEVICES

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31436/iiumej.v21i2.1273

Keywords:

Keywords: FACTS devices, genetic algorithms, SVC, TCSC, optimal location.

Abstract

 As the world's energy consumption increases, the expansion of the energy system becomes increasingly important. However, the creation of new transmission lines requires excessive costs and time if the same transmission capacity is to be added to the existing network. Today's electrical networks are faced with high risks of voltage instability and real power losses. This development tends to occur due to the lack of reactive control power (RPL) in heavily stressed operating conditions caused by increased demand for loads and the rapid development of power systems worldwide. This paper has adopted the setting of FACTS (flexible AC transmission system) devices as additional control parameters for reducing transmission losses in power system static types of two FACTS devices consisting of SVC (static VAR compensators) while the TCSC (thermistor controlled series compensator) is included in the issue formulation. During this paper, the proposed algorithm was to determine the optimal placement of power network devices by genetic algorithm to manage reactive power, reduce losses, increase the transmission capacity and power lines, and help simulate the IEEE 24 bus control system and also the position of FACTS devices.

ABSTRAK: Apabila penggunaan tenaga dunia semakin meningkat, penambahan sistem tenaga sangat penting. Walau bagaimanapun, penciptaan talian penghantaran terkini memerlukan kos yang berlebihan dan had masa jika kapasiti penghantaran yang sama digunakan dengan lebih tinggi. Dalam rangkaian elektrik hari ini, unit ini berhadapan dengan risiko ketidakstabilan voltan dan putus bekalan tenaga. Penambahan sistem tenaga ini cenderung berlaku disebabkan kekurangan kuasa kawalan reaktif (RPL) dalam keadaan beban operasi yang besar disebabkan oleh peningkatan beban permintaan dan perkembangan pesat sistem kuasa di seluruh dunia. Kertas ini telah mengguna pakai peranti FACTS (sistem penghantaran AC fleksibel) sebagai parameter kawalan tambahan bagi mengurangkan kehilangan penghantaran dalam sistem kuasa statik dua peranti FACTS yang terdiri daripada SVC (pemampas VAR statik) manakala TCSC (pemampas siri termistor kawalan) adalah termasuk dalam perumusan isu. Dalam kertas kerja ini, algoritma yang dicadangkan adalah penempatan optimum peranti rangkaian kuasa oleh algoritma genetik bagi mengurus kuasa reaktif juga mengurangkan kerugian dan meningkatkan kapasiti penghantaran dan kabel elektrik dan membantu menyerupai sistem kawalan bas IEEE 24 dan juga kedudukan peranti FACTS di mana ia terbukti berkesan.

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References

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Published

2020-07-04

How to Cite

Mohammed , H. H. ., Kareem, H. Z. A. ., & Ridha, W. M. R. (2020). IMPROVE THE EFFICIENCY OF THE POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM USING THE GENETIC ALGORITHM TO DETERMINE THE OPTIMUM LOCATION AND FACTS DEVICES . IIUM Engineering Journal, 21(2), 133 - 142. https://doi.org/10.31436/iiumej.v21i2.1273

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Electrical, Computer and Communications Engineering