عبد الكريم سروش ونظريته حول الوحي Abdul Karīm Surūsh and his Theory about Revelation

Authors

  • رضوان جمال الأطرش Radwan Jamal Elatrash
  • سيد عبيد الله عبيد Sayed Obaidullah Obaid

Keywords:

نظرية، الوحي، النبي ﷺ، عبد الكريم سروش، الحداثة., Theory, Revelation, The Prophet Mohammad, Abdul Karim Soroush, Modernity

Abstract

يتناول هذا البحث ترجمة عبد الكريم سروش الإيراني، الرائد الحقيقي للحداثيين في أوساط المثقفين الناطقين باللغة الفارسية، حيث كان له موقف فكري من الإسلام بشكل عام جعله لصيقاً بالأفكار الحداثية الجديدة، إذ كان له نظريته الخاصّة الجديدة حول الوحي، حيث أنه جعل يشكك في مصدرية القرآن ونسبه إلى النبي ﷺ، فجعل ألفاظ القرآن من النبي ﷺ والمعنى من الله عزّ وجلّ، وجعل النبي ﷺ شاعراً خلقه الله وعلّمه وربّاه أحسن تربية، فالنبي ﷺ عنده بشرٌ يجري عليه ما يجري على البشر، فهو يخطئ ويتأثّر ببيئته وظروفه. وعليه فإنّ البحث يدرس هذه النظرية ويحلّلها، وينقدها وينفدها، مستعيناً بالأدلّة الشرعية والعقليّة، حيث أثبت أن لفظ القرآن ومعناه من الله تعالى، وهذا ما أجمع عليه المسلمون قديماً وحديثاً. وطبيعة هذا البحث يقتضي أن يتمّ الاعتماد على المنهجين الاستقرائي والتحليلي من أجل الوصول إلى نتائج مرضية.

This research presents the biography of Abdul Karīm Surūsh, the Iranian pioneer for modernists among the Persian spoken intellectuals, where he had his viewpoint toward Islam in general, it made him connected to the ideas of new modernism. Since he had stated his new specific theory regarding the revelation, he brought up some doubts to Qur'ān as a real source, and he attributed it to the prophet, which he says that the words of Qur'ān came from prophet, but its concepts and meaning came from Allah, and he made the prophet a poet who has been created, taught and raised by Allah. For him the prophet is a man just like other people, so he makes mistakes and being affected by his environment and circumstances. Therefore, this research elaborates, analyzes and obliterates this theory, based on the religious and rational reasons, proves that both the words and the meaning of Qur'ān come from Allah, and it is that all early and nowadays Muslims are unified on it. The nature of this research requires that both inductive and analytical approaches should be adopted to achieve acceptable results.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

ʿAbd Al-Karīm Surūsh. Al-Qabdh Wa Al-Basṭ Fī Al-Sharīʿat Al-Islāmeyyah. Tarjamah: Dalāl ʿAbbās. N. ed. Bayrūt: Dār Al-Jadīd, 2002.

ʿAbd Al-Karīm Surūsh. Qiṣṣat Arbāb Mʾarifat. 1st ed. Tehrān: Intishārāt Ṣirāṯ, 2010.

ʿAbd Allah ibn Muslim ibn Qutaybah. Taʾwīl Mushkil Al-Qurān. Tahqīq: Al-Sayyed Aḥmad Saqr. 2nd ed. Ciro: Dār Al-Turāth, 1973.

ʿAbd Al-Raḥmān ibn Muḥammad Al-Maʿrūf Bi ibn Khaldūn. Al-Muqaddemah Tārīkh Al-ʿAllāmah Ibn Khaldūn. N. ed. Tunis: Al-Dār al-Tūniseyyat Linnashr, 1984.

Abū ʿAbdullah Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad Al-Qurṭubī. Al-Jāmiʿ Li Aḥkām Al-Qurān. Taḥqīq: ʿAbdullah ibn ʿAbd Al-Moḥsin Al-Turkī. 1st ed. Bayrūt: Muassasat Al-Risalat, 2006.

Hossam Moussa Mohamed Shousha, The Concept of State and Its Necessary Existence considering the Noble Qur’an and the Present Reality, Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) e-ISSN: 2600-8394, Vol 2 No 1 (2018), Special Issue.

Abū ʿAbd Allah Muḥammad ibn Ismāʿīl Al-Bukhārī. Ṣaḥīḥ Al-Bukhārī. 1st ed. Dimashq: Dār Ibn Kathīr, 2002/1423

Abū Jaʿfar Muḥammad ibn Jarīr Al-ṭabarī. Jāmiʿ Al-bayān ʿan Tʾwīl Āy Al-Qurān. Taḥqīq: ʿAbd Allah ibn ʿAbd Al-Moḥsin Al-Turkī. 1st ed. Cairo: Markaz Al-buḥūṯ Wa Al-Derāsāt Al-ʿArabeyat Wa Al-Islāmyyat, 2001/1422.

ʿĀlī H̱arb. Hakadzā Aqraʾo Ma Baʿd Al-Tafkīk. 1st ed. Beirūt: Al-Muassasat Al-ʿArabeyat Linnašr, 2005.

Al-Rāghib Al-Aṣbahānī. Mufradāt Alfāẓ Al-Qurān. Taḥqīq: Safwān ʿĀdnān Dāwūdī. 4th ed. Dimashq: Dār Al-Qalam, 2009.

Āmāl Al-Sabkī. Tārīẖ Irān Al-Siyāsī bayn Al-Twrtayn. N. ed. Al-Kūwayt: ʾĀlam Al-Maʿrifat, 1999.

ʿĀnāyat Allāh Iblāgh Al-Afghānī. Jalāl Al-Dīn Al-Rūmī Bayn Al-Ṣūfiyyah Wa ʿUolamāʾ Al-Kalām. 1st ed. Ciro: Al-Dār Al- Misreyyah Al-Lubnāneyyat, 1987.

Iḥsān Al-Malāʾekah. Jalāl Al-Dīn Al-Rūmī Sāʾegh Al-Nufūs. 1st ed. Al-Maghrib: Al-Markaz Al-Thaqāfī Al-Arabī Dar Al-Bayḏāʾ, 1015.

Jār Allah Al-Zamakhsharī. Asās Al-Balāghah. Tahqīq: Muḥammad Bāsil ʿOyūn Al-sūd. 1st ed. Beirūt: Dār Al-Kutub Al-ʿIlmiyyah. 1998.

Hossam Moussa Mohamed Shousha, The Role of the Heart in the Thinking Process: An Analytical Study), Journal of Islam in Asia, Vol 15 No 3 (2018) Special Issue: Integration of Islamic Revealed Knowledge into Humanities and Social Sciences.

Masʾūd Maḥmūdī. Murūr Ārā wa Mawādhiʾ ʿAbd Al-Karīm Surūsh. 1st ed. Īrān: Intishārāt Shināsah, 2013.

Muḥammad ʿAbd Al-ʿAẓīm Al-Zurqānī. Manāhil Al-ʿIrfān Fī ʿUlūm Al-Qurān. Taḥqīq: Fawād Aḥmad Zmarlī. 1st ed. Bayrūt: Dār Al-Kutub Al-ʿArabī, 1995.

Muḥammad Al- Ṯāhir ibn ʿAšūr. Al-Taḥrīr wa Al-Tanwīr. N. ed. Tunis: Al-Dār al-Tūniseyyat Linnashr, 1984.

Muḥammad Husayn Al- Ṯahrānī. Naẓarat ʿAla Maqālat Basṭ Wa Qabdh Naẓareyyat Al-Sharīʿat. 1st ed. Bayrūt: Dār Al-Mahajjat Al-Baydhāʾ, 2003/1424.

Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad Al-Murtadhā Al-Zubaydī. Tāj Al-ʿArūs Min Jawāhir Al-Qāmūs. N. ed. Misr: Al-Maṭbaʿah Al-Khayreyyah, N. D.

Muḥammad Saīd Ramadhān Al-Būṭī. Kubrā Al-Yaqīneyyat Al-Kawneyyah. 1st ed. Dimashq: Dār Al-Fikr, 1997.

Muslim ibn Al- H̱ajjāj ibn Muslim Al-Qushayrī Al-Nīsābūrī. Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim. 2nd ed. Al-Saūdeyyah. Wazārat Al-Shuʾūn Al-Islāmeyyah wa Al-Awqāf wa Al-Daʿwat wa Al-Irshād, 2000/1421.

Ṣādiq Lārījānī. Al-Maʿrifat Al-Dīneyyah Fī Naqd Naẓareyyat Dr. Surūsh. Tahqīq Wa Tarjamah: Muḥammad Shaqīr. 1st ed. Bayrūt: Dār Al-Hādī, 2008.

Yomnā Ẓarīf Al-Khūlī. Falsafat Kārl Popper. N. ed. Egypt: Al-Hayʾat Al-Misreyyat Al-ʿĀmmat Lilkitāb, 1989.

http://drsoroush.com/en/biography/

http://www.shahrour.org/?page_id=3

http://aftabnews.ir/vdccoxqm.2bq108laa2.html

http://www.alrased.net/main/

Published

2018-11-19

How to Cite

Radwan Jamal Elatrash ر. ج. ا., & Sayed Obaidullah Obaid س. ع. ا. ع. (2018). عبد الكريم سروش ونظريته حول الوحي Abdul Karīm Surūsh and his Theory about Revelation. Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS), 2(3), 1–22. Retrieved from https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-risalah/index.php/al-risalah/article/view/92

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 > >>