Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-risalah/index.php/al-risalah <p><em>Al-Risalah</em> is a peer-reviewed online journal, published biannually in June and December by the Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (KIRKHS), International Islamic University Malaysia. The Journal’s aim is to promote the talent and diverse research interests of KIRKHS postgraduate students by providing a platform for them to publish both independent research and research undertaken in collaboration with academics. The scope of <em>Al-Risalah</em> encompasses the various disciplines related to Islamic revealed knowledge and human sciences with the aim of Islamizing human sciences and relevantizing Islamic revealed knowledge to the modern context.</p> IIUM Press en-US Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) 2600-8394 الاستعارة في القرآن الکریم (نموزجا) https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-risalah/index.php/al-risalah/article/view/365 <p>Abstract:</p> <p>This research focuses on the subject of metaphor and its secrets/mysterys in the Holy Qur’an in general and the statement of the beauty of the Qur’anic verses and the greatness of the divine method through metaphor. Therefore, each of the methods of the Noble Qur’an has a significant and clear impact on the eloquence of the Qur’an, especially the method of metaphor; For this reason, the rhetoricians agreed that metaphor is more eloquent than simile and reality, just as simile is the highest level of rhetoric, and metaphor is the highest level of eloquence, as well as metonymy is more eloquent than statement/proclamation and metaphor is more eloquent than it in the science of Badi.</p> Abdulfatah Danishfar Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) 2022-07-03 2022-07-03 6 1 62 86 التميز المنهجي للاتجاه التربوي في تفسير القرآن الكريم https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-risalah/index.php/al-risalah/article/view/377 <p>This research aims to shed light on the methodological excellence of&nbsp; the educational trend of the interpretation of the Noble Qur’an, as there are many aspects of the interpretation of the Noble Qur’an and its directions have varied, and they have taken different colors in which the interpretations of the Noble Qur’an have been dyed according to the interests of each interpreter, between a grammatical, rhetorical, scientific and jurisprudential trend,and so on, If these trends have received the attention of researchers, then there are other types of interpretation trends after that still need more attention and attention, such as the educational trend, as the educational approach in the Holy Qur’an is a unique approach, and the research has exposed the most important principles of this approach, and the most prominent characteristics and methods, then Between the meaning of the educational trend in the interpretation of the Noble Qur’an, the beginning of its inception, its importance, and its most prominent characteristics, to reach the conclusion of the importance of this trend, and its great role at the present time in linking the nation to the book of its Lord Almighty</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Marwah Mohsen Khousrof Nashwan Abdo Khaled Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) 2022-07-03 2022-07-03 6 1 87 121 نموذج نظري في إعداد وحدة دراسية نموذجية لأغراض مهنية في وظيفة إعلانية لغير الناطقين باللغة العربية https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-risalah/index.php/al-risalah/article/view/383 <p><strong>Abstract </strong></p> <p>Advertising, publicity, or publicity (in English: Advertising and in French: Publicité, which is one of the media activities that are indispensable for economic activities such as industry, trade, services, and other economic activities, as well as for charitable and non-profit organizations and organizations that without announcing their efforts will not receive community support and funding. The material needed to continue its work and fulfill its mission. The advertising industry is not a new art, but rather it is as old as history, advertising began in forms that developed over the centuries until it became the art of advertising as we know it now, and for this situation, this research attempts to answer those questions, problems and difficulties by preparing A model unit suitable for employees or students specialized in the Department of Teaching Arabic for Special Purposes who have a great desire to participate in this field. This research seeks to reveal how to obtain advertising information, indicate the needs of the Arabic language required in the field of advertising, and indicate the criteria for writing good advertisements. The descriptive approach is followed by investigating a model of lessons and units of study in the issue of teaching Arabic for different purposes especially.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: special purposes, advertisements, curriculum concept, theoretical model</p> ASEM Ali Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) 2022-07-03 2022-07-03 6 1 122 141 المراحل التاريخية لتجديد أصول الفقه وأثرها الحضاري https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-risalah/index.php/al-risalah/article/view/382 <p>If the Islamic civilization is a textual civilization (following the legal text) or a juridical civilization (following the jurisprudence), then the science of the principles of jurisprudence concerning its measured methodology in understanding the text and its revelation is at the fore.Thus, the growth of Islamic civilization can be witnessed through the science of principles modernization stages, in which it involves the interaction of past events in the reality of the future; from here, the importance of the study in following those stages is by induction and analysis, and the problem statement is the attempt to uncover the role of modernization and its stages in witnessing civilized intellectuals and how the efforts of the scholars contribute to it and the answers to the set of questions which are: what are the stages of modernization in the science of the principles of jurisprudence? What is the effect of modernization on the resilience of the nation and its intellectual and civilized witnessing of it? To complete the study, we need to adhere to the inductive analytical methodology where the modernization stages are induced and the implications for the real world are to be analyzed according to those stages from a civilizational perspective. Several results have been attained, among which is: Imam as-Shafii presented the science of the principles as a method of examination and explanation of jurisprudence and interpretation. His efforts in discovering this method as a form of knowledge show how he is a respectful leading scholar and deserves praise as well as the notability of being the pioneer. The study was then prolonged and completed by the scholars of the third and fourth centuries across the schools of thought and scientific methods to prove a wider horizon regarding the perfect comprehension of the mind as well as the heart of knowledge. In his book al-Mustasfa, he attempted to screen attempts for the science of principles, and despite his desire to steer clear of logical prologues and Aristotelian effects, he discovered that the weaning to what has been entrusted with is harsh! However, his writings on reviving the method of his teacher, Al-Juwaini, in his two books of al-Burhan and al-Ghiyathi are sufficient enough. Also, Imam As-Shatibi, in two of his books,&nbsp;al-Itisam&nbsp;and&nbsp;al-Muwafaqat,&nbsp;sketched features of induction and far from partial inference, such as a milestone in Islamic thought and civilization.<br>Keywords: Modernization - the principles of jurisprudence - civilized - effect</p> HASSAN Suleiman Mahamed fathy Eletribi Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) 2022-07-03 2022-07-03 6 1 142 159 منهج الشيخ محمد سيد طنطاوي في تفسير آيات الأحكام في كتابه التفسير الوسيط للقرآن الكريم https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-risalah/index.php/al-risalah/article/view/380 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>The legislative objective is one of the most important purposes in the Holy Qur’an, and knowledge of it increases the faith of the taxpayer and his conviction in the legal rulings. There are many scholars who have taken care of interpreting the verses of rulings in the light of these purposes in their interpretations and writings. Among the contemporary interpretations that took care of this aspect is the mediating interpretation of the Noble Qur’an by Sheikh Al-Tantawi, may God have mercy on him, whose author took care of the jurisprudential and legislative aspects, and was distinguished by the ease of expression, good presentation, and his combination of the maxim and reasonable interpretation. Likewise, the Imam follows in his approach, quoting from the relied upon commentators their reputable sayings, away from abnormal and weak expressions, while maintaining objectivity in his style, and defending the belief of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jama’ah while responding to the innovator.</p> <p>The researcher in these papers follows the approach of the Imam, may God have mercy on him, in his extrapolation of the verses of the rulings, and knowing his reference to the deduced jurisprudential issues and how the author sees in a number of axes: Disagreement when the issues presented differ, its fairness when giving preference, its care for the Prophet’s Sunnah and the sayings of the Companions, followers and scholars with an explanation of their evidence.</p> Muhammad Shahir Masoumi Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) 2022-07-03 2022-07-03 6 1 160 183 المنهجية الفكرية لمحمد أركون في التعامل مع الدراسات القرآنية https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-risalah/index.php/al-risalah/article/view/366 <div><span lang="EN-US">This article presents the intellectual methodology on which Muhammad Arkoun relied on the issue of collecting the Qur'an and Quranic stories. It explains &nbsp;the historical and the cognitive contexts that have influenced its intellectual and religious composition. Also it discusses Muhammad Arkoun's view on these two issues to discover the correctness of his methodology in dealing with Quranic issues. The research relied on the inductive and analytical methodology; the inductive aspect focused on the collecting and the reviewing of research material. The analytical section analyzed what Muhammad Arkoun do analyzed to the two important issues and discussed with references to the statements of scientists in the subject. He concluded that Muhammad Arkoun believes in the existence of Qur'anic parts in &nbsp;local and international libraries, and therefore rejects the issue of collecting the Qur'an, and according to historical documents, he refers to the mandatory testing and examination of the Qur'an. It was also settled that the stories of the Qur'an are all legendary metaphorical tales that cannot be accepted as theological texts</span></div> Zakir Aras Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) 2022-07-03 2022-07-03 6 1 184 203 نقد الحديث عند المحدثين نقلاً وعقلاً وتاريخاً https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-risalah/index.php/al-risalah/article/view/376 <p>This article has been attempted to shed light on the sciences of the hadith, which is <em>the criticism of the hadith according to the modernists in terms of transmission, reason, and history.</em> The research tried to explain this valuable area, equally, it indicated the critical approach that characterizes the hadith campaign from the period of the Messenger of Allah swt to the period of modernity, for this reason, the researchers decided on practical models for the interpretations of the modernists in the hadiths of the Prophet, especially the criticism of hadith among the modernists, this appears in criticizing the hadith and deducing the problematic aspect of it, and the position of the modernists on that, The researcher adopted the analytical and critical method, dealing with the different dimensions of this topic. then pick up acquainted with the aphorisms of scholars on this issue, as well as the analytical method by analyzing the various information related to the topic.</p> Muhiuddin Khandokar Arif Muhammad Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) 2022-07-03 2022-07-03 6 1 204 218 البعدان الزماني والمكاني في الحديث ونشأتهما https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-risalah/index.php/al-risalah/article/view/384 <p>The science of measuring spatio-temporal dimensions in Prophetic Text is a new field in ʿIlm Dirāyah āl-Ḥadīṯ (The Science of Understanding the Hadith). Recently introduced by contemporary scholars, in particular, the eminent Professor; Prof. Dr. Abullais Al-Khairabadi. The main problem in this topic is not to collect those hadith related to this topic, because that is the easy part. Any specialist in this field can find it in the books of hadiths their collections and their explanations. And the jurist (fuqaha’) and the fundamentalist (usuli) too, have compiled it in their book. Rather, the main problem lies in the issue of determining the correct and disciplined ways to know the extent to which the spatio-temporal dimensions are taken into account in the Prophetic text. And in achieving the extent of the strength of the link between The Hadith and real-life applications. So that we can then define its methodology to deal and work with. As it directly affects The Hadith of the Prophets, this research seeks to clarify the concept of temporal and spatial dimensions in hadith as well as in the history of its emergence and its applications in the Islamic scholarly thought. This research will be divided into two sections; the first topic will be concerning about defining the temporal and spatial dimensions in the hadith individually and simultaneously. Meanwhile the second topic will search for their origins.</p> Nurhafizah Jauhari Prof. Dr. Mohammed Abullais Al-Khairabadi Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) 2022-07-03 2022-07-03 6 1 219 247 مشكلة نقاب المرأة وحله في ضوء القرآن والسنة خاصةً في أفغانستان https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-risalah/index.php/al-risalah/article/view/364 <p>Abstract:</p> <p>Women are veiled and covered in Afghanistan and wear the niqab, and the burqa with their consent and satisfaction, and all of them are veiled although some of them do not wear the niqab, and the people do not blame them, and most people now do not care about not wearing the niqab if they are veiled; Because they know the difference between the veil and the niqab and its ruling and conditions, as it is clear from the Sharia perspective, and from the apparent views of the four Islamic sect regarding the ruling on the niqab, as the Hanafis and Malikis say that the subject of the niqab is coming under the purifying interest/ embellishment( tahsiniyat), so in this situation the niqab is a desirable and not obligatory issue, and some time because of fearing of fitnah(seduction), it becomes a compulsory issue and counted from the necessary interest(hajiyat).</p> <p>As from the perspective of Shafi’is and Hanbalis, it seems that they say, that the issue of the niqab is become under the in the necessary interest( hajiyat; Therefore, according to their thoughts it is a necessary and compulsory issue, and their justification and reason is the spread of sedition( fitnah) and damages facing Muslim women in the human society; if people are negligent and indulgent regarding the issue of niqab, it progresses in its aim for the interests, beginning with the demolition of embellishment interests, and then leads towards the destruction of essential interest ( hajiyat). And among the contemporary sharia scholars, such as Sheikh Nasir al-Din al-Albani, sees uncovering a woman’s face, and he repeatedly emphasized that the legal/sharia veil does not include covering the face in any way. In fact, the niqab is obligatory from the view of some Salafi extremists and fundamentalist. But the big problem is that in my country Afghanistan some people claim that the niqab is a political matter, not a religious one, and they do not believe in wearing it.</p> <p>From my point of view, the niqab is one of the sharia needful (hajiyah) and ameliorative (tahsiniyah) interests, and it varies according to society and its circumstances, sometimes it is necessary and mandatory, and at other times it is optional and not necessary. If there is fear of sedition and harm, then it is an obligatory issue and become one of the necessary issue, as ti is the opinion of the Shafi’i and the Hanbalis Otherwise, it is desirable and among the ameliorative and decorative interests, as it is the opinion of the Hanafis and the Malikis.</p> Abdulfatah danishfar Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) 2022-07-03 2022-07-03 6 1 248 278 مقاصد الشريعة الإسلامية وأهميتها في الحدّ من النزاعات الأسرية في تفعيل التحكيم https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-risalah/index.php/al-risalah/article/view/388 <p>The objectives of Islamic law and its importance in reducing family disputes in activating arbitration. The paper dealt with the objectives and divisions of the Islamic Shari 'ah. These concepts were defined in terms of language and terminology. It was then presented how to apply the objectives of shari`ah in arbitration between family disputes, especially in matters of disagreement and divorce between the spouses which takes place with the Judge. The descriptive and analytical method were followed.&nbsp; The research concluded with the effect of the objectives of shari`ah evident in solving the issues of Muslim families.</p> SAADELDIN Mansour Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) 2022-07-03 2022-07-03 6 1 279 308 مشكلة البطالة عند الشباب الأفغاني وسبل علاجها في ضوء القرآن الكريم: دراسة تحليلية https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-risalah/index.php/al-risalah/article/view/371 <p><a name="_Toc99018683"></a><strong>ABSTRACT</strong><a name="_Toc412382187"></a><a name="_Toc412382561"></a></p> <p>The research aims to study the problem of unemployment among young people in the State of Afghanistan and ways to treat it in the light of the Holy Quran and the Sunnah of the Prophet. As this phenomenon is one of the major problems that the Afghan people suffer from, it has negative and dangerous effects on the individual, family and society levels. Among its most prominent effects are the emergence of extremism and ignorance, poverty and beggary, and the incidence of physical and mental diseases. The Noble Quran and the Sunnah of the Prophet drew the optimal approach to solving the phenomenon of unemployment, as it imposed zakat, urged charity, permitted good loans, and explained the role of reviving dead land and urging work and lawful earning. The research employed the inductive approach in collecting legal texts from the Quran and Sunnah and from relevant sources and references. The research also adopted the analytical method by analyzing the results of the field study, which aimed to interview university professors and experts. The study sample was conducted in Afghanistan and included 173 participants (168 males and 5 females) and data were collected using a questionnaire and the results of the questionnaire were analyzed through the technique of calculating proportions (SPSS). The study concluded with a number of results, the most important of which are: There are main reasons for the rise in unemployment, as the paragraph that states (the rule of relations over the law) came in the first place with 81.6%. In second place came the paragraph that states (the presence of corruption) with 81%. It came in the last rank, which states (the presence of foreign workers) with 49.4%. In light of these results, the study recommended directing students to the correct and required specializations in the labor market. The study also recommended inviting training centers to find useful programs and distinguished qualifications in line with the needs of the labor market.</p> Abdul karim Wasimi Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) 2022-07-03 2022-07-03 6 1 309 348 Editorial https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-risalah/index.php/al-risalah/article/view/390 Dr. Kabuye Uthman Sulaiman Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) 2022-07-03 2022-07-03 6 1 ii ix The Contributions of Islamic Social Financial Institutions in Realizing Sustainable Economic Recovery for the Muslim Communities in the Philippines https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-risalah/index.php/al-risalah/article/view/368 <p style="font-weight: 400;"><em>Following the trends of world economies in their quest for a holistic framework and model that may contain the worst crisis that the global community is currently facing, the present study aims to show that there is an urgency for the revival of Islamic financial institutions: zakat, waqf, sadaqah, halal industry, and Islamic microfinance at the midst of a capitalistic system of economy. The purpose of the study is to re-discover the potential roles of Islamic financial institutions in securing a sustainable economic recovery that may uplift the socio-cultural and economic conditions of the Muslim communities in the Philippines. In addition, the study seeks to clarify that the economic label that describes the dormancy of Islamic social financial institutions does not stem from its sources, but rather, due to lack of recognition on the part of the government policymakers. Although the discourse of Islamic social finance is at its nascent stage, the study, however, found out that due to an integrated approach of Islamic social finance and its proper contextualization following the Shari’ah and the Philippine laws, a score of scholars, leaders, and intelligentsia have been convinced for the revival of Islamic financial institution and its mainstreaming with the national economic system. </em></p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><em>&nbsp;</em></p> Alizaman Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) 2022-07-03 2022-07-03 6 1 1 21 Exploring Sufi Majālis as a Tradition of Writing Tafsīr in the Seventeenth Century Ottoman Caliphate https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-risalah/index.php/al-risalah/article/view/386 <p>This research paper seeks to examine selected writings of the seventeenth century Ottoman Caliphate on Sufi <em>Majālis</em> as a traditional way of writing <em>Tafsīr,</em> where conversations were held in the form of explanations of verses during the sermons. The aim of this study is to explore the Sufi <em>Majālis </em>style of <em>Tafsīr</em> as a method of guiding the people and explaining the Qur’anic verses to them during the seventeenth century Ottoman Era. This work is very significant as it deals with the analysis of selected examples of <em>Majālis</em> writings produced by Sufis intellectuals, who preached in <em>Masājid</em> during the seventeenth century. Brief bibliography of three selected Sufi scholars is provided, description of their writings is presented, and analysis of selected <em>Majālis</em> cases from their works are discussed. Descriptive and analytical methods are used in the entire paper. The findings of this study provide new insights about Sufi <em>Majālis</em> style of <em>Tafsīr</em> according to the original writings of three selected Muslim scholars, ʿAzīz Maḥmūd Hūdāī, Niyazī Mıṣrī and Ummī Sinānzāde Ced Hasan Efendi, during the seventeenth century Ottoman Caliphate.</p> Zehra Gōkbulut Fatmir Shehu Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) 2022-07-03 2022-07-03 6 1 22 37 Challenges in Teaching English to Preschoolers: A Case Study in Malaysian Schools https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-risalah/index.php/al-risalah/article/view/375 <p>This paper investigates the challenges preschool teachers face in an environment where they are expected to use English as a language of instruction alongside Malay, the national language. Information on the teachers’ educational background in teaching and training was gathered, their perceptions of the problems they face in facilitating the teaching and learning process of the children, as well as their suggestions on effectively overcoming the setbacks. In-depth online interviews were carried out and data analysis was carried out by utilising Atlas-ti. The results indicated that the teachers face a lack of skills in teaching English because they are not English majors but rather graduates of early childhood learning. This can however be rectified if continuous training and development are offered for them especially when there is a change in the syllabus. Apart from the teachers’ initiatives in tackling the various problems like inadequate materials and books for teaching, recommendations were made to help improve the situation including ideas to have both parents and school administrators join forces in improving the quality of teaching. Teacher training needs to be further improved to ensure the effectiveness of the implementation of English as one of the instructional languages used in preschools. Inadequate resources and materials to be used in classrooms and also students’ low level of proficiency in English are some are the challenges faced by the teachers as well. Although technology is integrated into school, optimizing it in class can sometimes be a difficult task for the teachers due to software issues.</p> Ainul Azmin Md Zamin Maskanah Mohammad Lotfie Rabiah Tul Adawiyah Mohamed Salleh Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) 2022-07-03 2022-07-03 6 1 38 61