Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) <p><em>Al-Risalah</em> is a peer-reviewed online journal, published biannually in June and December by the Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (KIRKHS), International Islamic University Malaysia. The Journal’s aim is to promote the talent and diverse research interests of KIRKHS postgraduate students by providing a platform for them to publish both independent research and research undertaken in collaboration with academics. The scope of <em>Al-Risalah</em> encompasses the various disciplines related to Islamic revealed knowledge and human sciences with the aim of Islamizing human sciences and relevantizing Islamic revealed knowledge to the modern context.</p> en-US (Assoc. Prof. Dr. Kabuye Uthman Sulaiman) (Nalugwa Harima) Fri, 30 Jun 2023 23:55:01 +0800 OJS 60 Editorial Assoc. Prof. Dr. Kabuye Uthman Sulaiman Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) Mon, 03 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0800 AN ASSESSMENT OF STATES’ WEBSITES IN MALAYSIA: AN EVALUATIVE STUDY <p>Electronic Government (e-government) has been known as a significant tool in serving the Malaysian administration system. Since 1991, a lot of efforts and initiatives have been carried out in order to implement the system at the state level. As there are not many kinds of literature concentrating on the state website development, hence this study is crucial to show the progress of e-government implementation across the states. Therefore, this paper proposes a theoretical framework of e-government based on three levels of paradigms of public administration namely Old Public Administration, New Public Administration and New Public Service. This study employed a qualitative study by using content analysis method where all thirteen states websites serve as a unit of analysis. The results found that different states’ websites performed with different scores over one another. Generally, this study found that most of the state’s websites are in the second phase; New Public Administration. From the results collected, challenges to the effectiveness and efficiency of e-government are discussed based on several categories namely website visibility, website freshness, website establishment date and website usability.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong><em>: E-government, State websites, Old Public Administration, New Public Administration, New Public Service. </em></p> <p><strong>E-governance</strong></p> NAZREENA MOHAMMED YASIN, Dr. Rohana Binti Abdul Hamid, Dr. Normala Binti Mohd Adnan Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0800 Contemporary obstacles in parenting Muslim children in Bangladeshi society: an analytical analysis <p>Bangladesh is a small country, but it has a sizable population, most of whom are Muslims. This nation faces numerous obstacles in a variety of areas. This article highlights the modern-day issues that children in Bangladesh confront. There is no denying the importance of education. We can be a good generation and thus a good country if we can nurture them properly. Nevertheless, there are some obstacles that stand in the way of this hoped-for optimism, particularly for the government. Present-day difficulties in Muslim children's education include the secular curriculum, poverty, intellectual conquest, cultural import, environment, and modern media.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Muhiuddin Khandokar Arif Muhammad Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0800 The History Of Gold Money, Money And Its Relevancy <p>This purpose of this research was to analyse the history of gold money, money and its relevancy. The present study, casts light, through investigating the current usage of Gold Dinar, chronological history of money and existing usage of Gold as a currency throughout the ages from ancient times to the present day. This research, aims to examine interest in using the Gold Dinar as well as emphasizes its advantages and disadvantages. To achieve the objectives of this research, qualitative research methods including content analysis and interviews were used. The study utilized personal interviews with scholars, and studying books, journals, magazines, as well as the empirical analysis from the available evidence such as documents published by the IMF and UN. The study found the problem exists because the manipulation of paper money or in economic term called inflation. Inflation destroys prosperity. Thus, the soundness of money should be maintained domestically and internationally through a system of fixed exchange rates based on universal gold convertibility. Indeed, stability in the value of money is very important in socio economic. It is a fundamental call for a new approach to financial governance based on balanced budgets, fiscal transparency, and political accountability. Gold, in that sense, is the defense for preserving national financial independence.</p> Irma Naddiya Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0800 DA'WAH MANAGEMENT SCIENCE AND ITS CONTRIBUTIONS TOWARDS RELIGIOUS MODERATION IN INDONESIA <p>Managing da’wah means carrying out a planned da’wah activity so that the truth of Islamic teachings can be well received by society as Da’wah Partners. Indonesia is a diverse country, with its religions, ethnicities, and races. Managing diversity is not an easy matter, it requires mutual understanding and comprehension, and the awareness that we are created by God differently. Hence, religious moderation attitude needs to be built that is not affiliated with political or personal interest and theological dogmatism. Nonetheless, it does not mean being unprincipled but avoiding extreme attitudes in looking at and understanding existing problems. This study uses a multicultural approach, to unravel the "common thread" of existing problems while providing contributions to their solutions. Religious moderation is not only about "moderating" the thinking and behavior of preachers but also guiding the process or stages in a managerial way.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: management, da’wah, diversity, moderation, religion.</p> Andy Dermawan Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0800 دراسة تحليلية تقابلية للنبر في اللغة العربية واللغة الصينية الماندرين <p>Language sounds are an important characteristic of the human language, and the vocal expression of the language is for human communication with others; therefore, the voices of language have an important role in all languages of the world.The study searches in the characteristics of stress and&nbsp; in Arabic and Chinese Mandarin, and compares between them by highlighting the similarities and differences between both languages, the research aims to know the stress and&nbsp; in Arabic language and a statement of similarities and differences between them. The research will follow the descriptive approach and the analytical approach. The result of this study are as follow: The first part of the Arabic language begins only by consonant; the Chinese language begins the syllable&nbsp; with consonant and ends with a vowel, and there is a difference in the composition of the sounds between the two languages, such as letters (M, N, P, L) It pronounced as the same sounds in Mandarin; there are also common sounds between the two languages ​​such as (آ)&nbsp;&nbsp; (يِ) (وْ), and&nbsp; they pronounced as the same sounds in Mandarin; the word for Mandarin is different from Arabic; Only one voice; Mandarin is a lingua franca, and the five are the basic components of Chinese words To date; however, the&nbsp; in Arabic language are not a part of speech and&nbsp; cannot used to distinguish the meaning of , we can change the&nbsp; in places between the vocal sections; that only expresses the position of the speaker and feelings.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> ASEM ALI Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0800 تدبر القرآن وتجديد الإيمان <p>This paper explores how Muslims can renew and strengthen their faith when it becomes weak, an issue that requires much care and attention. It explains that faith can fade in a Muslim’s heart like a garment can wear out over time. Therefore, Muslims need to pursue methods to enhance and fortify their faith. One of these methods is tadabbur the Holy Quran, which is defined and described in terms of its reasons and stages. The paper also examines the effects of tadabbur the Quran’s verses on different topics, meanings, and their suitability for reviving and increasing faith. This is particularly evident when reflecting on verses about faith in Allah, His Lordship, His perfect power, attributes, names, and belief in the Hereafter and its terrors. Moreover, verses that reveal the wonderful creation of Allah and His perfection in the universe and within ourselves are analyzed, all of which are expected to inspire faith and restore its joy in hearts, leading to strength and righteousness in outward actions. These elements are discussed using inductive and analytical methods by reviewing verses that deal with the pillars of faith, the creation of heavenly and earthly worlds, humans, and other living beings, and showing how faith grows and renews through contemplating them.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Renewal, faith, tadabbur, Quran, the universe, selves.</p> Bilal Boudjemline, Fatmir Shehu Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0800 الأبعاد السردية والنقدية لحسن السندوبي في كتابه أعيان البيان <p>The research deals with the writer and critic Hasan Al-Sandoubi, in his book A'ayn Al-Bayan. The researchers took the inductive approach by tracing his critical views in the book. It sheds light on the criteria that Al-Sandoubi adopted in his book. And that by dealing with prominent writers, and he thought that they deserve to receive the attention and fame that those who are less than them have achieved in poetry and literature. The research came in three main axes, which are the critical standards of Al-Sandoubi, and its general provisions in poetry and prose.</p> Eman Almulla Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0800 دراسة حقوقية لخطبة حجة الوداع <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Abstract</p> <p>The aim of this study is to explain the legal values that were included in the farewell speech of the Prophet, peace and blessings of God be upon him, in the Hajj Al Wahid in the 10th year of the Hijra 14 centuries ago, where the contents correspond to the reality of today's Muslims. Political, social, economic, and legal, as well as commitment and adherence to values and meanings, and adopting them as a way of life to ensure security, prosperity, and freedom.</p> <p>The research follows the descriptive and analytical method that is in harmony with nature, according to the strict methodological plan. One of the most important results of the research is that the farewell sermon emphasizes the most important principles of human rights, such as the right to life, the sanctity of blood, property, and dignity. Even the blood of non-Muslims is not spilled except in legitimate wars. The Prophet of Islam, peace and blessings be upon him, removed the teachings of Jahiliyyah, worships and customs, declaring the completeness of religion in this great place. And this is the summary of the Prophet, the end of ignorance and its end with a few words, and he returned the human life to the correct natural conditions.</p> <p>Key words:</p> <p>&nbsp;Islamic legal study - Obligations - Prophet's speech - Farewell Hajj.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Farahmand Anwar, Abdullah Haghyair Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0800 الصراع بين الإسلام والحرية التعبير وعلاقتها بإنكار السنة <p>This research deals to express the critical conflict between Islam and freedom of expression through&nbsp;a western perspective and how it is related to the abandonment of prophetic sunnah in order to present the correct way of understanding. According to true Islamic teachings. The freedom of expression and freedom of entertainment does not mean taking away the rights of others. In addition, it is a part and parcel of the challenges toward prophetic sunnah. At this stage, the two authors and their points of view emphasize Islam and its role in the freedom of expression and were exactly arguments and discussion between both and what was the role of Prophet (peace be upon him) and the Rightly Guided Caliphs. The researchers are followed the analytical and inductive approaches to solve the problems has happened, with highlighting the lodgment of Islamic jurists to describe its main idea and principles to serve the prophetic sunnah from any doubt and suspicion to save the Ummah's ethics. Lastly, the policy of Islamisation on freedom of expression and how the abandonment of Hadith destroys the identity of Muslims such as criticizing the Hijab and other obligatory duties with providing some suggestions and solutions.</p> Ifteakar Sadi Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0800 تأثير المذهب الشيعي على مسلمي الملايو ومشكلاتها في ماليزيا <p>This article aims to make a preliminary and general observation about some of the influences of Shi'ism on the Malay Muslims in Malaysia since the Iranian Revolution in 1979 and onwards. This research confirms the impact of the Iranian revolution in 1979 on the Malay Muslim community in Malaysia and the efforts of some to develop the Shiite community in the Sunni Malay majority. Cases that focus on education, social and policy. The researcher used a qualitative approach that includes textual analysis of materials related to Shi'ism, and focus group discussions (FGD) with Shi'a sympathizers. Among the findings of the Malay Shiite sect appeared officially after the Iranian revolution in 1979. After the revolution, many Malaysian students were sent to continue their studies in the Republic of Iran. This led to the formation of Malawian Shiite organizations in line with the aspirations of the Iranian revolution. It also affected to some extent some social activities of Malay Muslims in Malaysia<strong>.</strong></p> Muhiuddin Khandokar Arif Muhammad Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0800 العادات المعوّقة للزواج في ولاية كابيسا بأفغانستان <p><a name="_Toc99018683"></a><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>This research is aimed to investigate on customs and traditions of marriage in Kapisa province, Afghanistan. It aimed at answering these main questions: customs and traditions that put obstacles to marriage; how to overcome these hurdles; and fixing them within the Islamic paradigm to make it easy for everyone to marry and not make one refuse marriage. The significance of this study is to try to figure out the solutions to the impediments of marriage in a particular Islamic society that suffers more than any part of the country. Marriage has an important role in the betterment of society and preserving human generation which is the main objective of Islamic law. The researcher uses an inductive method for collecting data from Islamic sources of Al-Quran, hadith, past and contemporary Muslim jurists` opinions; and an analytical method to analyze the information gathered from the mentioned sources including field study conducted through interviews with religious scholars and societal reformists. The researcher reviewed customs and traditions at different stages of marriage such as traditional of ma marriage proposals, engagement periods, marriage ceremonies, and customs of weddings, criticized those customs and traditions, and looked at those spheres which are mostly obstructive to the marriage process in Kapisa province. To end the research, some proposals for changing cultural practices hindering Islamic marriage among eligible youths were made.&nbsp;</p> Abdul karim Wasimi Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0800 آثار الحركة النسوية في الأسرة المسلمة: دراسة مقاصدية <p>Islam values a Muslim family as there are many laws that protect the family and make it the base of a muslim community. There are various modern intellectual challenges that endanger the base and laws of a muslim family, and amongst those challenges is Feminist movement.&nbsp;</p> <p>This study is an attempt to show the actuality of this movement by mentioning the arguments raised by the Femiminsts on muslim families. In addition, the study includes Maqasidic views what concerns a muslim family and how the family can be endangered by this movement.&nbsp;</p> <p>This study follows two methedologies: inductive method and analytical approach; the inductive approach is based on extracting information regarding the feminist movement, important Maqasids of Muslim family, and supportive response to their arguements As for Analytical&nbsp; method includes analysis of the researcher's findings through the information and the maqasidic view on the danger of this movement.&nbsp;</p> <p><em><strong>Key Words: Feminism - Maqasid - Muslim family</strong></em></p> Shaima Arab Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0800 دراسة تحليلية نقدية للنصوص القرآنية والحديثية الواردة في المسلسل الإسلامي "تهجد شينت"ا <p>This study aims to clarify the concept of Islamic TV series and their objectives by studying the Quranic verses and prophetic traditions used in one of the famous Islamic TV series in Malaysia, "Tahajjud Cinta". The study seeks to determine the accuracy of the use of these texts and evaluate them, and to ensure that the content presented to people is accurate and carries a message that serves Islamic advocacy. This study relied on inductive methodology by following all Quranic and Hadith texts used in all episodes of "Tahajjud Cinta" TV series. It also relied on analytical methodology to identify the accuracy of the authenticity of these Quranic verses and prophetic traditions and to determine the extent to which the intended meaning of the Quranic verses and prophetic traditions matched the context in which they appeared in the TV series. The researchers reached important results through their study, where the study revealed the actors' mistakes in reading Quranic verses in four places. Additionally, one verse and four Hadiths were used outside their intended context due to misunderstanding the texts. Moreover, the study revealed that one Quranic verse and eight Hadiths were used in their correct context but for an incorrect purpose. As for the degree of the mentioned Hadiths in the series, nine of them were weak, two were fabricated, three had no origin, and one could not be traced back to a source.</p> Nurhafizah Jauhari Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0800 دور المساجد في نشر الفتاوى: دراسة تحليلية تقييمية في بعض المساجد في ولاية جوهر <p>المساجد لها دور كبير في المجتمع الإسلامي وليست مجرد مراكز للقيام بالصلوات الخمس جماعة. ومن دورها التعليم الديني للعوام ومن ذلك نشر ما فرض على الناس معرفته من أمور دينهم. فقد نرى أغلب المساجد في ماليزيا فيها الدروس الدينية قائمة بين المغرب والعشاء، حيث جعلت بعض مؤسسات الإفتاء في ماليزيا من المساجد وسيلة من وسائل نشر الفتاوى. من وسائل نشر الفتاوى في المساجد هي إلقاء الدروس بين المغرب والعشاء للإخبار عن إصدار الفتاوى الحديثة وتعليق الملصقات عن الفتاوى في لوائح المساجد. فهذه الدراسة تبحث في مدى نجاح تلك الوسائل في نشر الفتاوى في المساجد وخصوصا في العصر الحاضر، وفي مدى مناسبة نشرها في المساجد من أجل خدمة جميع أفراد المسلمين لكي يتعلمون الفتاوى الواجب معرفتها. لاسيما قد وجد البحث بعض تجارب الإفتاء بالمشافهة في بعض مؤسسات الإفتاء بماليزيا، و ذلك مماثل لتجربة المساجد في "مصر". جمع الباحث في منهج هذه الدراسة في الجانب الميداني بين المقابلة والاستبانة لجمع المعلومات حول موضوع البحث، واسنتدت إلى المنهجين التحليلي والمقارن في تحليل البيانات التي تمّ جمعها للوصول إلى تحقيق أهداف البحث في معرفة كيفية إقامة خدمة نشر الفتوى في المساجد بولاية جوهور؛و في مقارنتها وتقييمها في ضوء ضوابط صحة الإفتاء وفي ضوء بعض التجارب التارخية في نشر الفتوى مشافهة وبعض التجارب المعاصرة على مستوى المؤسسات في ذلك ومدى مناسبتها وفعاليتها في في الواقع الحاضر.</p> Azhar Ismail, Ghalia Bouhedda Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0800 منهج عبد الرّحمن التّنلاني في ترجيح الأوجه اللّغويّة في كتابه مختصر السمين في إعراب القرآن <p>This summary deals with the study of the approach of Abd al-Rahman al-Tanillani al-Jazairi (d. 1189 AH) in preferring the linguistic aspects in his book "Mukhtasar al-Sameen", which is a book aimed at facilitating understanding of the rules of the Arabic language. In this article, the researchers focus on examining his approach in analyzing the vocabulary of the language and identifying the many aspects that it can include, then weighting them and showing the preference for each of them based on linguistic usage and grammatical rules. The article includes many examples and practical applications that illustrate Al-Tanillani's use of this method in clarifying grammar in an easy and simplified manner. The Tanillani method can be used to learn and understand the Arabic language in an easier and more effective way. The researchers rely on the inductive approach in tracking the relevant parts of the research to reach a general holistic judgment in explaining Al-Tanlani's approach in his book, then the nature of the research requires relying on the analytical approach in order to discuss what has been extrapolated from the within of explanatory books related to the subject. The two researchers reached a number of results, including: First, it was pointed out that the Al-Tanlani approach is based on analyzing the vocabulary of the language and identifying the different aspects that it can include, then weighting them and determining the preference for each of them based on linguistic usage and grammatical rules. The study also concluded that Al-Tanlani's approach to weighting linguistic aspects is an effective and innovative approach in clarifying the rules of the Arabic language</p> Radwan J Y Elatrash Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0800 منهج التفريق اللغوي بين المصطلحات القرآنية: دراسة تحليلية <p><strong>Abstract:</strong><br>Employing the linguistic method of differentiation is one of the most important tafsir approaches to tafsir used by early scholars. This method was evidently present in the early attempts at tafsir by the companions and their followers. However, the existence of this method in early exegesis remains rather obscure among researchers. This warrants more research to unveil the scope and further extent of its application. The obscurity of this methodology has led some to question the importance of its application or even consider it foreign to the art of tafsir altogether. This paper tackles this issue by fundamentally establishing the proofs of the importance of the linguistic method of differentiation through the Quranic verses, prophetic traditions, and traditions of the companions and their followers. Considering the nature of the topic at hand, this paper uses the inductive analytical method of research in an attempt to establish the fact that linguistic differentiation was one of the most crucial tools employed by early exegetes.&nbsp; It concludes with various results, among which is the fact that linguistic differentiation is, above all, a Quranic methodology as the Quran guides people to differentiate between similar words. It also concludes that linguistic differentiation is a prophetic methodology in both tafsir and language, just as it is one of the most important methods of tafsir within the athar-based approach to tafsir, and it is evidently present in the exegetical reports of early exegetes.</p> Wahab Saleem, Dr. Radwan Jamal Elatrash Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS) Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0800