Rationalism and Criticism in The Qurʾān: An Analytical Study from Modern Books of Tafsīr
Keywords:Qurʾanic studies, Rationalism, Criticism, Modern Qurʾanic Exegeses, Revelation and reason
Abstract: The paper attempts to reveal the significance on the use of intellect and criticism in Muslim theology to prove validity of the revelation particularly which is related to the truth and justice. This could be conducted by exploring the views of mufassirin and contemporary Muslim scholars in giving the exposition toward the Qurʾanic verses focusing on the prohibition of blind fanaticism. The emphasis is closely linked with Muslim activities with an attempt of achieving the progress in their lives. We found that creative thinking and the use of intellect is inseparable from the concept of reading as reflected within the first revelation given to the Prophet (PBUH). It is not simply to read the text rather it deals with rationality to confirm with the concept of the truth which may come from human thought. Hence, the revelation appeals to its adherents to observe the use of rationalism and criticism to confirm the validity of certain thought.
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