AL-BURHĀN: JOURNAL OF QURʾĀN AND SUNNAH STUDIES <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;">al-Burhān is a biannual internationally refereed journal which mainly publishes articles in English and Arabic in addition to other languages of Muslim societies such as Malay, Turkish, Urdu, Farsi, etc. The journal is managed by the Department of Qurʾan and Sunnah Studies, Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (KIRKHS), International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) in collaboration with IIUM Journal Publication Unit, and published online by IIUM Press. The Editorial Committee of the Journal welcomes contributions of papers on any topics related to Qurʾan, Sunnah and Sīrah studies. al-Burhān is intended to provide an avenue for scholars, academics, and researchers from all persuasions and traditions to forward, share and discuss their views, opinions, theories, arguments and all that can adopt the academic language with the purpose of enhancing the discourse of advanced revelation and scriptural knowledge and education. al-Burhān ultimately aims to become one of the leading platforms for knowledge on Islam that will leave a positive impact on the progress of society and the betterment of humanity. The eISSN of al-Burhān is 2600-8386.</span></p> IIUM Journal Publications en-US AL-BURHĀN: JOURNAL OF QURʾĀN AND SUNNAH STUDIES 2600-8386 <p align="justify"><strong><span style="color: #c61902; font-family: GentiumAlt;">In general, reusing or reproducing substantial portions of al-Burhān content requires permission. This includes the use of text, figures, tables, multimedia content, and any other material published in any issues of al-Burhān Journal of Qur'an and Sunnah Studies. For some instances, al-Burhān may make its content freely viewable; however, such material may require permission for reuse. To seek permission, please contact the editorial.<br /></span></strong></p> Practical Demonstration: A Method for Generating Behavioural Evidence to Study Memorisation of the Holy Qurʾān <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;">Practical Demonstration evolved as a method of data collection for investigating the memorisation of the Holy Qurʾān and its attendant learning processes. Its objective was to generate data that must be authentic, have ecological validity and be empirical, and at the same time be replicable and have conceptual clarity. It is a structured interaction between the researcher and the subject about a particular aspect of the memorisation process that has been automatized, is beyond conscious awareness and taken for granted by the subjects. Trying to elicit information about such a phenomenon through questioning gave imprecise answers, especially in the case of children. So, the researcher asked the subjects to ‘show her’ rather than ‘tell her’. Practical demonstrations were used extensively both during the participant observation and semi-structured interviews. They yielded rich evidence on certain aspects of the memorisation process such as multi-modal learning including visual imagery of a particular page; coordination of the articulatory system and the phonological loop during initial stages of memorisation; development of metamemory and its role in learning and memorising; error-monitoring, detection, and rectification; types of errors; and developing a system of retrieval cues and retrieval structure.</span></p> Nikhat Parveen Copyright (c) 2022 IIUM Press 2022-08-30 2022-08-30 6 2 1 19 Patterns and Trends in Tarannum Qurʾān Studies from 2011-2018: A Thematic Review in the field of Tarannum al-Qurʾān <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;"><em>Tarannum</em> <em>al-Qurʾān </em>is the art of reciting the Qurʾan. It is one of the Qurʾanic branches which emphasises the method of reciting the Qurʾan with a melodious voice. This research paper aims to: recover, synthesize, and integrate the existing body of literature on <em>Tarannum</em>. This research provides ready references to the existing studies on <em>Tarannum</em> that will benefit the researchers in this area. Due to the lack of a comprehensive literature review in <em>Tarannum</em> , a systematic review and analysis were conducted from a data pool consisting of computerized bibliographic databases (i.e., Proquest, Scopus, Mendeley literature search, and Google Scholar database). This study systematically reviewed the literature, thus providing a more comprehensive analysis and synthesis of twenty-five studies from 2011 to 2018. Major findings include that there are ten thematic reviews discussing <em>Tarannum</em>; and the most common themes discussed are <em>Tarannum</em> figures, followed by KKQ (<em>Kelas Khas Kemahiran Membaca dan Menghafaz Al-Qurʾān</em>), then articles that discussed about <em>Tarannum</em> rules and other variety of <em>Tarannum</em> themes.</span></p> Nurul Auji Hasbullah Ahmad Sanusi Bin Azmi Adnan Mohamed Yusoff Copyright (c) 2022 IIUM Press 2022-08-30 2022-08-30 6 2 20 35 Rhetorical Moves and Linguistic Complexity of Abstracts on Theology Articles in Journals on Qurʾanic Studies <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;">The present study attempts to discuss the rhetorical structure of the abstracts of theology research articles (RAs). The present study is aimed at finding the rhetorical structure of the translated abstract from Persian into English and comparing them with the original written in English and published in internal journals in theology sciences. This paper aims to investigate the rhetorical moves and linguistic complexity of abstracts in limited theological RAs. The researchers randomly chose 100 abstracts of research articles extracted from two Iranian journals of theology, i.e., <em>Theology and Islamic Sciences of the Qur’an and Religious Enlightenment</em> and <em>Journal of Qurʾanic Interpretation and Language</em>. Based on the convenience and accessibility of the first journal, only 10 RAs were selected, and another 90 abstracts were drawn from the second corpus. The framework used in this article is Pho’s (2008) framework. The analysis was conducted on the rhetorical moves and their linguistic realizations in these selected corpora. It was found that three moves, i.e., Introduction (I), Purpose (P), Discussion (D), were the conventional moves in the abstracts of RAs extracted from the mentioned journal. The frequency of occurrence Introduction (I) move in the corpus was three-time that of Finding (F) and about twice the Method (M) and Discussion (D) moves. The results also suggested that the present simple tense inactive form was the preferred choice to present the rhetorical moves. The other tenses and voices, such as passive and past tense, have a shallow frequency in the selected corpus. Furthermore, the simultaneous occurrence of two agents, i.e., active and passive, was only observed in the Introduction (I) and Discussion (D) moves. These two journals are published by Payame Noor University, which have the same and specific style, and following the instructions is mandatory for the authors of articles. However, by reviewing the articles of both journals and paying attention to the specific admission criteria in the context and related structure, there are obvious differences between the abstracts of articles in terms of applying the writing style and articulating the research method and other related matters, which in addition to the above reasons, also indicate the extent to which the authors of the articles do not pay attention to the research method. Some variations were observed in the introduction unit and language features. The data revealed that the translated abstracts from Persian into English in the theological research articles meet the determined criteria for scientific writing while the original ones often ignore the criteria although they are linguistically superior to the original English ones. With greater awareness of rhetorical moves and linguistic realizations, it is believed that writers can structure their abstracts more naturally to the conventional style used in their fields.</span></p> Fahimeh Kalbasi Copyright (c) 2022 IIUM Press 2022-08-30 2022-08-30 6 2 36 51 موقف الإمام ابن برَّجان من القراءات القرآنية في تفسيره تنبيه الأفهام: دراسة استقرائية تحليلية <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;">This study examined the position of Ibn Barrajān on the Qurʾanic <em>qirāʾāt</em> in his exegetical work titled <em>Tanbīh al-Afhām</em>. Since this book was not a reference in the knowledge of <em>q</em><em>irāʾāt</em>, and there is confusion between the <em>mutawātir</em> and <em>shādhdh qirāʾāt</em> in his exegesis, this study aims to differentiate between them, and to identify the position of Ibn Barrajān regarding them in terms of acceptance and rejection, as well as to clarify his position in preferring between the <em>qirāʾāt</em>, and on invoking the Qurʾanic <em>qirāʾāt</em> in his interpretation, as well as his method of employing them. In this research, the following approaches were adopted: (i) the inductive approach – represented in tracing the points related to <em>qirāʾāt</em> in the interpretation of <em>Tanbīh al-Afhām</em>; (ii) the analytical approach -through the scientific analysis of these texts; (iii) the descriptive approach -based on describing the results that was reached after analysis and extrapolation by dividing the study into chapters and scientific investigations. The researcher concluded that the number of positions in which there was a disagreement between the <em>mutawātir</em> <em>qirāʾāt</em> amounted to seventy-nine, and the number of positions in which there was a disagreement between the <em>shādhdh qirāʾāt</em> amounted to two hundred and twenty-four. Then the researcher made an analytical study to find out the number of<em> mutawātir</em> and <em>shādhdh qirāʾāt</em> that were mentioned in these places, as well as the number of attributed and unattributed <em>qirāʾāt</em>, as well as the position of Ibn Barrajān on rejecting and preferring between the <em>qirāʾāt</em> and on invoking the <em>qirāʾāt</em> in his exegesis. The researcher suggests that attention should be given to studying the Qurʾanic <em>qirāʾāt</em> contained in the books of exegesis, especially the classical ones, and to differentiate the <em>mutawātir</em> from the <em>shādhdh</em>. It is also necessary to have good faith and be respectful in commenting on and refuting the scholars of <em>tafsīr</em> who affirmed or denied <em>mutawātir</em> <em>qirāʾāt</em>.</span></p> Mohamed Abdelmonem Elsayed Khalil Copyright (c) 2022 IIUM Press 2022-08-30 2022-08-30 6 2 52 71 الوحدة البنائية للقرآن الكريم وأثرها في الاستنباط: رؤية أصولية <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;"> The Glorious Qurʾan and the Sunnah of the Prophet are regarded as the supreme reference for the nation of Prophet Muhammad PBUH for all of them contained of doctrines, laws, and morality. Therefore, understanding and reflecting on the laws therein is the most important factor for the growth and revival of Islamic thought throughout history. In this paper, we utilized one of the exceptional features of the glorious book, namely structural uniformity, as a principle of jurisprudence methodology propagated by Tāhā Jābir al-Alwāni, who was interested in several Qurʾanic issues, including abrogation, structural uniformity, Qurʾanic epistemological methodology and the role of the Qurʾan in contemporary humanity. The problem of this research is concerned with Tāhā Alwāni’s views on the structural uniformity of the noble Qurʾan and its impact in addressing the specific vision of revelation and developing the holistic vision in Islamic thought in general, and jurisprudential deduction thus, addressing the shortcomings of the inferential perception in dealing with the <em>Sharīʿah</em> texts (the Qurʾan and Sunnah) especially in terms of accepting the laws, rather than initiating them. This clarifies most of the problems of Qurʾanic text deduction among other schools of thought. Using the descriptive and analytical approach, the research presents Tāhā Alwāni’s views regarding structural uniformity of the Qurʾan starting from its definition, importance, and its role in deducing rulings through the extrapolation and analysis of the opinions of classical and modern scholars. The key findings revealed that ‘structural unity’ is a new terminology that was long known as ‘<em>al-naẓm</em>’, which the rhetoricians <em>(balāgiyyūn</em>) considered as an independent theory that embroiled the philosophy of the challenge directed at the <em>jinn</em> and the mankind to produce the similitude of the Glorious Qurʾan. Whosoever reviews the ideas of al-Rāzī, Ibn al-ʿArabī, al-Jurjānī, ʿAbd al-Qāhir and Ibn Hishām the Grammarian, would discover this fact. Moreover, Tāhā Jābir al-Alwāni’s views on structural unity as a methodology of deducing rulings from the Noble Qurʾan, is not only part of the knowledge of the fundamentals of jurisprudence. Rather it is part other Islamic sciences, and knowledge<strong>, </strong>of which the Qurʾan is considered the basis of its origin and development such as exegesis, jurisprudence, <em>ḥadīth</em>, and <em>tawḥīd</em>, along with the principles of jurisprudence, that is our subject matter.</span></p> Mahamed Fathy Mohamed El-Eetrebi Hassan Suleiman Copyright (c) 2022 IIUM Press 2022-08-30 2022-08-30 6 2 72 86 تفنيد مزاعم المستشرقين في سورة طه (الآية: 63) حول استخدام الرفع موضع النصب: عرض وتحليل <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;"> The Holy Qurʾan is the complete and absolute divine book revealed to Muḥammad, the last Prophet (PBUH). There is no doubt regarding its authenticity, divinity, or reliability. Allah openly challenged humanity to bring forth a verse paralleled to it. They have failed to respond to this challenge. However, some orientalists today argue that the Holy Qurʾan has significant grammatical and linguistic errors. Although many Islamic scholars have addressed the topic in various ways, further in-depth research on this subject is highly needed. This paper adopts the method of literature critiques, emphasizing descriptive, historical, analytical, and comparative, dialectic methods to explore the bases of suspicion of the oriental scholars. The paper argues that the claims of orientalists are baseless, which proves that they are not profound in the Qurʾanic language. In this paper one of the Qurʾanic verses which orientalists claimed to have violated grammatical rules was chosen. (Surah Ta-ha verse: 63). The article will throw light on the purity of this verse with the help of Arabic grammar and ancient Arabic poems. It is hoped and believed that the knowledge seekers and the common people would benefit from this research.</span></p> Mohammad Nurul Islam Copyright (c) 2022 IIUM Press 2022-08-30 2022-08-30 6 2 87 102 வாழும் உரிமை: பௌத்த ‘பானாதிபாதா’ மற்றும் ‘கத்ல் அல்-நப்ஸ்’ ஓர் பகுப்பாய்வு <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;"> Religious scriptures guarantee the right of life for every human being, whether they are followers of that religion or not. Although Buddhism and Islam contain detailed explanations on the protection of life in a unique manner, but the encounters of Buddhists and Muslims are most often portrayed as violent confrontations in the modern world. The objective of this paper is to analyse and understand the concept of protection of life through the ideas of <em>Panathipatha</em> in Buddhism and <em>Ḥifẓ al-Nafs</em> in Islam to promote interreligious understanding. This research applies a library-based qualitative methodology, in which the researchers undertook textual analysis on written materials such as books, journal articles, and internet sources. The research found that both religions share a similar scope on the protection of life which prioritize humanity as its main standard. This study serves to eliminate misunderstandings about religions: Buddhism and Islam, and to facilitate in a process of understanding and for nonviolent commitment among diverse religious groups. To this end, this paper examines to what extent Buddhist <em>Panathipatha</em> tenets are similar to the concept of <em>Ḥifẓ al-Nafs</em>, paving the way for interreligious dialogue for peace drawing on some fundamental commonalities between Buddhism and Islam.</span></p> Mohamed Ashath Mohamed Shafeen Fathuma Afra Copyright (c) 2022 IIUM Press 2022-08-30 2022-08-30 6 2 103 118 Editorial Khairil Husaini Bin Jamil Copyright (c) 2022 IIUM Press 2022-08-30 2022-08-30 6 2 i ii