AL-BURHĀN: JOURNAL OF QURʾĀN AND SUNNAH STUDIES <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;">al-Burhān is a biannual internationally refereed journal which mainly publishes articles in English and Arabic in addition to other languages of Muslim societies such as Malay, Turkish, Urdu, Farsi, etc. The journal is managed by the Department of Qurʾan and Sunnah Studies, Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (KIRKHS), International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) in collaboration with IIUM Journal Publication Unit, and published online by IIUM Press. The Editorial Board of the Journal welcomes contributions of papers on any topics related to Qurʾan, Sunnah and Sīrah studies. al-Burhān is intended to provide an avenue for scholars, academics, and researchers from all persuasions and traditions to forward, share and discuss their views, opinions, theories, arguments and all that can adopt the academic language with the purpose of enhancing the discourse of advanced revelation and scriptural knowledge and education. al-Burhān ultimately aims to become one of the leading platforms for knowledge on Islam that will leave a positive impact on the progress of society and the betterment of humanity. The eISSN of al-Burhān is 2600-8386.</span></p> IIUM Journal Publications en-US AL-BURHĀN: JOURNAL OF QURʾĀN AND SUNNAH STUDIES 2600-8386 <p align="justify"><strong><span style="color: #c61902; font-family: GentiumAlt;">In general, reusing or reproducing substantial portions of al-Burhān content requires permission. This includes the use of text, figures, tables, multimedia content, and any other material published in any issues of al-Burhān Journal of Qur'an and Sunnah Studies. For some instances, al-Burhān may make its content freely viewable; however, such material may require permission for reuse. To seek permission, please contact the editorial.<br /></span></strong></p> Editorial Khairil Husaini Bin Jamil Copyright (c) 2021 IIUM Press 2021-06-25 2021-06-25 5 Special Issue 1 i ii Issues in Scientific Approach to Ḥadīth Commentary: A Critical Study of Selected Ḥadīths on Prophetic Medicine <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;">This research studies the concept of scientific commentary (<em>al-sharḥ al-ʿilmī</em>), which recently gained considerable significance, especially in dealing with <em>ḥadīth</em>s of <em>al-Ṭibb al-Nabawī</em> (Prophetic medicine) and understanding them. In the beginning, the study defines the concept of scientific commentary, shedding light on its history in terms of its emergence, context, scholars and their arguments. Later, the study identifies and discusses the following theoretical and practical issues of scientific commentary in selected <em>ḥadīths</em> of Prophetic medicine. The historical, descriptive, and analytical methods are utilised in the entire study. The finding of this study indicates that there have been numerous commentaries that adopt the scientific approach in dealing with the subject of Prophetic medicine. This has posed significant methodological issues that led to the non-traditional understanding of Prophetic <em>ḥadīth</em>s. The issue requires further investigation to shed better light on this problem.</span></p> Ahmad Thaqif Bin Ismail Aqdi Rofiq Asnawi Copyright (c) 2021 IIUM Press 2021-06-25 2021-06-25 5 Special Issue 1 1 13 النص القرآني بين صحة التحليل وخطأ التأويل: دراسة وصفية تحليلية <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;">The Qurʾanic text is a sacred divine text which explains the will of God, and Prophet Muḥammad was the one who addressed any problems faced by the Muslims in understanding the text, in addition to the language competencies possessed by the Muslims of his time. However, complexities emerged post-Prophetic era even though God has made the Qurʾān easy for remembrance. The reason for this is the demise of the Prophet on the one hand, and the vast temporal gap between the time of the revelation and the beginning of codification, which took nearly two centuries, and during which the language underwent some changes and meaning of words was expanded. Due to this, many interpretations emerged due to linguistic and hermeneutical differences. Hence, this research aims to clarify this problem by addressing both linguistic and hermeneutical approaches in <em>tafsīr</em>.</span></p> Mohd Syauqi Bin Arshad Copyright (c) 2021 IIUM Press 2021-06-25 2021-06-25 5 Special Issue 1 14 31 منهج الإمام فخر الدين الرازي في مشكل القرآن الكريم <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;">This research deals with the approach of Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī in addressing <em>mushkil al-Qurʾān</em> which is “whatever that conceals the real meaning of a Quranic verse, or leads to an unintended meaning, or contradicts a legitimate source in Islam or a significant Islamic ruling, or linguistic and scientific principles.” The research aims to explain the concept of <em>mushkil al-Qurʾān</em> and expound the approach of al-Rāzī in dealing with the subject. The inductive and analytical methods were adopted in the research. The research deals with the concept of <em>mushkil al-Qurʾān</em>, the wisdom behind its presence in Divine commandments, al-Rāzī’s concern with the subject and his approach to clarifying the problems. The research concludes with some important findings: al-Rāzi is an intellectual, knowledgeable and specialist scholar who demonstrated an interest in the subject of <em>mushkil al-Qurʾān</em>, he adopted several strategies to solve the problem like other scholars, and he was distinguished amongst them due to his prominence in rational, logical, and rhetorical sciences.</span></p> Sabah Ayesh Al Johani Copyright (c) 2021 IIUM Press 2021-06-25 2021-06-25 5 Special Issue 1 32 55 منهجية التعامل مع مشكل الحديث: دراسة تأصيلية تطبيقية <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;">The books of the <em>sunnah</em> are historical documents with reports from the wisest of whom the world has known. Defaming the <em>sunnah</em> by looking superficially at the <em>isnād</em>s and the <em>mutūn</em>s -as being done by some advocates of modernity- is often not meant to refute a particular ḥadīth; rather, to denounce the entire sunnah and the rulings which are derived from it. This research revolves around the subject of <em>mushkil al-ḥadīth</em>, the difference between it and <em>mukhtalif al-ḥadīth</em>, and the correct methodology in addressing problematic <em>ḥadīth</em> texts. The authors adopted the inductive-analytical approach in collecting indicants and extrapolating their imperatives. The research reached several conclusions: a <em>mushkil</em> is an ambiguous state that can only be resolved through extensive contemplation and consideration; a <em>mushkil</em> is relative, so what is ambiguous to a person may be clear to others; and a <em>mushkil</em> may be resolved through reconciliation, preference, abrogation and some other legitimate approaches of dealing with religious texts.</span></p> Mahamed Fathy Mohamed El-Eetrebi Hassan Suleiman Copyright (c) 2021 IIUM Press 2021-06-25 2021-06-25 5 Special Issue 1 56 74 دراسة تطبيقية في إشكال الحديث «إنّ أثقل صلاة على المنافقين» وحلولها <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;">The <em>ḥadīth</em> which mentions the desire of Prophet Muḥammad to burn down the houses of the hypocrites who did not join the congregational prayer is considered as one of the problematic <em>ḥadīth</em>s discussed by scholars. Several issues such as its contradiction to other <em>ḥadīth</em> and the obligatory status of congregational prayer implied by the text have been often raised. This research retraces the lines of transmission of the <em>ḥadīth</em> and evaluates their statuses. It also deals with four main problems related to the text of the <em>ḥadīth</em>. The findings reveal that the ḥadīth is a sound <em>ḥadīth</em> and the contradictions were mainly due to its multiple versions which can be reconciled and solved.</span></p> Ilyas Chellali Mohammed Abullais Shamsuddin Copyright (c) 2021 IIUM Press 2021-06-25 2021-06-25 5 Special Issue 1 76 97 مشكل ومُسْتَشْكَلَ الحديث وضوابطه <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;">Many overlapping factors contributed to the appearance of problematic and problematised <em>ḥadīth</em>, as <em>ḥadīth</em>s are related to various aspects of Islam, namely belief, jurisprudence, legislation, and knowledge. Since the efforts taken by <em>ḥadīth</em> scholars are multifaceted, it has contributed in turn to the methodological construction of this unique school. However, many issues such as ambiguity, similarity, and perceptual disparity, have led to the different approaches of analysing, explaining, and clarifying the problems found in <em>ḥadīth</em>s. This subsequently created many different schools of thought. This paper is concerned with studying and employing the methodology of dealing with problematic and problematised <em>ḥadīth</em>s. It suggests several principles and strategies to tackle and solve the problem, all of which were derived from the established sciences of <em>ḥadīth</em> criticism.</span></p> Ahmed El-Mogtaba Bannga Saad Eldin Mansour Copyright (c) 2021 IIUM Press 2021-06-25 2021-06-25 5 Special Issue 1 98 128