AL-BURHĀN: JOURNAL OF QURʾĀN AND SUNNAH STUDIES <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;">al-Burhān is a biannual internationally refereed journal which mainly publishes articles in English and Arabic in addition to other languages of Muslim societies such as Malay, Turkish, Urdu, Farsi, etc. The journal is managed by the Department of Qurʾan and Sunnah Studies, Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (KIRKHS), International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) in collaboration with IIUM Journal Publication Unit, and published online by IIUM Press. The Editorial Board of the Journal welcomes contributions of papers on any topics related to Qurʾan, Sunnah and Sīrah studies. al-Burhān is intended to provide an avenue for scholars, academics, and researchers from all persuasions and traditions to forward, share and discuss their views, opinions, theories, arguments and all that can adopt the academic language with the purpose of enhancing the discourse of advanced revelation and scriptural knowledge and education. al-Burhān ultimately aims to become one of the leading platforms for knowledge on Islam that will leave a positive impact on the progress of society and the betterment of humanity. The eISSN of al-Burhān is 2600-8386.</span></p> en-US <p align="justify"><strong><span style="color: #c61902; font-family: GentiumAlt;">In general, reusing or reproducing substantial portions of al-Burhān content requires permission. This includes the use of text, figures, tables, multimedia content, and any other material published in any issues of al-Burhān Journal of Qur'an and Sunnah Studies. For some instances, al-Burhān may make its content freely viewable; however, such material may require permission for reuse. To seek permission, please contact the editorial.<br /></span></strong></p> (Editorial Board) (al-Burhan Technical Support) Mon, 28 Feb 2022 20:45:07 +0800 OJS 60 Vignettes of Jews in the Qurʾan: A Thematic Survey <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;"> The present study falls within the recent approach concerned with analysing the literary aspects of the Quranic discourse. It surveys the vignettes of the Jews in the Qurʾan based on the thematic rubrics under which their images are discursively represented. Shading off into various texts and contexts, the vignettes have been traced and classified so as to form clear ideas about the ultimate depiction of Jews in the Qurʾan apart from any biased impetus. Several verses have been cited under each heading to support the argument it tackles. In addition to highlighting a literary feature of the Qurʾan, the study concluded that the outlined vignettes – both positive and negative – note to a structural unity of the divine book. They also figure out the strain underlying inter-religion conflicts. </span></p> Munir Ahmed al-Aghberi (Author) Copyright (c) 2022 IIUM Press Mon, 28 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Scrutinising Historical Narrations: Between Ibn Khaldūn and the Scholars of Ḥadīth Criticism <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;"> ‘Abd al-Raḥmān ibn Muḥammad ibn Khaldūn al-Ḥaḍramī is a renowned Muslim scholar who has been considered by many researchers as the founder of the modern discipline of historiography. The uniqueness of his method of scrutinising historical narrations gives his works wide recognition. This paper intends to explore Ibn Khaldūn’s principles of scrutinising historical narrations and make a comparison between his principles and the principles of validating narrations in <em>ʿUlūm al-Ḥadīth</em>, to figure out the extent to which Ibn Khaldūn has been influenced, in his discourse, by the principles of the scholars of <em>ḥadīth</em>. This paper represents a library-based research, hence, the qualitative method has been adopted. This study has revealed the fact that Ibn Khaldūn’s approach towards the scrutiny of the narrations is an extension of the previous principles laid down by the scholars of <em>ḥadīth</em>. However, the major difference between both parties lies in the fact that the principles of the scholars of <em>ḥadīth</em> address all types of the narrations, whether historical or non-historical narrations, without giving preference to the historical ones above the others, while Ibn Khaldūn was the first Muslim scholar who concentrated purely and strictly on scrutinising historical materials.</span></p> Issah Abeebllahi Obalowu, Yusuf Basirat Bolanle (Author) Copyright (c) 2022 IIUM Press Mon, 28 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0800 The Status of the Sunnah according to the Qurʾan and the Arguments Against it Amongst the Qurʾan-Absolutists <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;"> From the Islamic point of view, there are two major groups of sources of<em> sharīʿah</em> which are the primary sources and the secondary sources. In this regard, the sunnah of the Prophet is recognised as the second primary source of<em> sharīʿah</em> after the Qurʾan. In other words, many verses of the Qurʾan and the texts of the Prophetic <em>ḥadīth</em>s have stated that the Qurʾan is the direct speech of Allah, whereas the Sunnah is the indirect one. Hence, it is very obvious that there is a strong link between the Qurʾan and the Sunnah. On the contrary, some people have argued that the Qurʾan is already perfect and complete; in which it contains every necessary law and regulation of the <em>sharīʿah</em>. Hence, this group of people believe that it is not compulsory and sensible to follow the Sunnah of Prophet PBUH. Moreover, according to the anti-Hadith movement, depending on the Sunnah apart from the Quran for legislation is equal to believing in other Gods besides Allah, or assigning partners to Allah. Therefore, this paper is aimed at clarifying and removing the confusions among true Muslims about these misleading arguments. In this regard, this paper argues that relying on the Sunnah together with the Qurʾan in Islamic legislation is definitely not equal to ascribing another partner to Allah or committing <em>shirk</em>. The people who follow the Sunnah besides the Qurʾan are following the commands of Allah to obey the Prophet PBUH. Additionally, this paper would also attempt to present the Qurʾan and the Sunnah as two undivided foundations of the religion of Islam.</span></p> Moniruzzaman (Author) Copyright (c) 2022 IIUM Press Mon, 28 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0800 مفهوم القراءة التفسيرية وأثرها في فقه لغة القرآن <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;"> This study explains the concept of <em>al-airāʾat al-tafsīriyyah</em> (the explanatory Reading) of the Qurʾan and its effect on comprehending the Quranic language. It focuses primarily on the consequences of accepting a certain variant Reading of the Quranic words and verses as an explanatory reading. The findings point to the multiplicity of linguistic features, grammatical forms, conjugations, etc. The research defines <em>al-qirāʾat al-tafsīriyyah </em>as every Reading that contradicts the conventional Reading of the ʿUthmānī <em>muṣḥaf</em>s, yet it has been acknowledged as the explanatory Readings of the Qurʾan. It also explores otherauxiliary functions and roles of <em>al-qirāʾat al-tafsīriyyah.</em></span></p> Diya al-Din Muhammad Khalifa , Yousef Mohammed Abdo al-Awadhy (Author) Copyright (c) 2022 IIUM Press Mon, 28 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0800 عواطف النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم النفسية وعلاماتها الجسدية: دراسة حديثية موضوعية <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;">This research attempts to understand the psychological emotions of Prophet Muḥammad PBUH by learning its physical signs as conveyed in a number of <em>ḥadīth</em>s. In consequent, the research provides an opportunity of looking into the nexus between the Sunnah of the Prophet and other field of human sciences particularly, the field of psychology. The aim of the study is to examine how psychological emotions were indicated via physical signs and expressions used for that purpose. The research follows the methodology of a thematic ḥadīth study and limits its primary sources to the two <em>Ṣaḥīḥ</em>s. The most important finding of the research lies in several observations; that most ḥadīths reported the physical signs without explicitly mentioning the type of emotion, that the Companions of the Prophet understood the emotional condition of the Prophet through learning its physical sign, and that understanding emotions through physical signs is crucial for successful communication and relationship.</span></p> Firas Muhammad Ibrahim (Author) Copyright (c) 2022 IIUM Press Mon, 28 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0800 ظاهرة الحركة الإلحادية في بنغلاديش وعلاجها في ضوء القرآن الكريم <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;"> The aim of the research is to deal with the issue of atheism, which appears alarmingly in Bangladesh. This is a rising concern in the country as it is a destructive philosophy which leads the Muslims to doubts in their religion, and incites atheism and vices in their minds. Atheists in the country do not stop from raising doubts on fundamental creeds of Islam, and even raising false allegations against Allah SWT and His noble Prophet PBUH. The research reached the conclusions that atheism became the most alarming issue for the Muslims in Bangladesh. The only way to get tackle this problem is by following the Qur’an and the Sunnah of the Prophet PBUH. The research recommends that it is essential to study the danger of atheism, to enhance the role of scholars and preachers in alerting Muslims to the crucial situation, and to teach and instil the values and fundamentals of Islam in the minds of youths, for the nation to be well-protected from this challenge. It also recommends to organise seminars and conferences on the issue to raise the concerns of masses and educated people.</span></p> Mohammad Moin Uddin (Author) Copyright (c) 2022 IIUM Press Mon, 28 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0800 مولانا محمد علی جوہر اور انکی دینی وعلمی خدمات <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;"> This article discusses an enthusiastic Muslim thinker, scholar and freedom fighter on Indian soil, Muhammad Ali Jauhar (1878-1931) and his efforts to revive the Muslim community during the colonial period. The echo of his bravery and struggle against British rule in India resonated worldwide. Additionally, he raised his voice to develop an excellent academic system and women’s right to education; thus, he strongly opposed Lord Curzon’s education policies. He firmly believed a free India was not possible except by reviving the education system and establishing social harmony. This research looks into some of his ideas that affect Islamic education in general, and the Qurʾan and Sunnah education in particular.</span></p> Mohammad Hashim Mohammad Ezdani (Author) Copyright (c) 2022 IIUM Press Mon, 28 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Editorial Khairil Husaini Bin Jamil Copyright (c) 2022 IIUM Press Mon, 28 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0800