AL-BURHĀN: JOURNAL OF QURʾĀN AND SUNNAH STUDIES <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;">al-Burhān is a biannual internationally refereed journal which mainly publishes articles in English and Arabic in addition to other languages of Muslim societies such as Malay, Turkish, Urdu, Farsi, etc. The journal is managed by the Department of Qurʾan and Sunnah Studies, Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (KIRKHS), International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) in collaboration with IIUM Journal Publication Unit, and published online by IIUM Press. The Editorial Board of the Journal welcomes contributions of papers on any topics related to Qurʾan, Sunnah and Sīrah studies. al-Burhān is intended to provide an avenue for scholars, academics, and researchers from all persuasions and traditions to forward, share and discuss their views, opinions, theories, arguments and all that can adopt the academic language with the purpose of enhancing the discourse of advanced revelation and scriptural knowledge and education. al-Burhān ultimately aims to become one of the leading platforms for knowledge on Islam that will leave a positive impact on the progress of society and the betterment of humanity. The eISSN of al-Burhān is 2600-8386.</span></p> en-US <p align="justify"><strong><span style="color: #c61902; font-family: GentiumAlt;">In general, reusing or reproducing substantial portions of al-Burhān content requires permission. This includes the use of text, figures, tables, multimedia content, and any other material published in any issues of al-Burhān Journal of Qur'an and Sunnah Studies. For some instances, al-Burhān may make its content freely viewable; however, such material may require permission for reuse. To seek permission, please review the information below.<br><br>AUTHOR'S AGREEMENT<br>I/we hereby confirm the transfer of all copyrights in and relating to the above-named manuscript, in all forms and media, now or hereafter to IIUM Journal, effective from the date stated in the acceptance letter. I/we acknowledge that IIUM Press is relying on this agreement in publishing the above-named manuscript. However, this agreement will be null and void if the manuscript is not published in al-Burhan Journal of Qur'an and Sunnah Studies.</span></strong></p> (Editorial Board) (al-Burhan Technical Support) Wed, 17 Feb 2021 12:57:38 +0800 OJS 60 Editorial <p>Editorial remark</p> Khairil Husaini Bin Jamil Copyright (c) 2021 IIUM Press Wed, 17 Feb 2021 00:00:00 +0800 Lessons in Decoration from the Qurʾanic Sūrah al-Zukhruf (Gold Adornments) <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;"> This paper discusses three lessons in decoration from the Qurʾanic chapter, or <em>sūrah</em>, al-Zukhruf (gold adornments). The lessons recognise and deal with decoration as an intrinsic human pursuit, a means of deception, and a means for enhancing and promoting the truth. Each lesson is discussed in separate sections, which are titled in the manner of the essence of the lessons. The paper concludes that the realm of decoration is inborn and instinctive. Its potential impact on human emotions and psyche is such that it can influence man’s behavioural pattern. As a weak and wavering creation, it will be burdensome if too much of worldly beauty, splendour and prosperity is placed at his disposal. Thus blinded, most persons would lose sight of all moral and spiritual considerations and become egocentric, insatiable, and cruel. The meaning of inherent beauty, splendour and wealth will then be lost forever in the process. The three lessons are entwined with the nucleus and main emphasis of the <em>sūrah</em>, that is, the exposition of the contrasts between the beauty and glory of the truth and revelation and the false glitter of other counterfeit alternatives. The contents of the lessons represent the gist of the Islamic <em>tawḥīdic</em> (God’s Oneness) worldview.</span></p> Omer Spahic Copyright (c) 2021 IIUM Press Wed, 17 Feb 2021 00:00:00 +0800 The Authenticity of Saʿd Ibn Muʿādh’s Judgment: A Response to Contemporary Critics <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;">Many may wonder why it is necessary to write about the authenticity of such a famous incident recorded in perhaps all books of <em>sīrah</em> and <em>tārīkh</em>. It has been well over a thousand years since Saʿd ibn Muʿādh passed his judgement on Banū Qurayẓah following the Battle of Khandaq; all fighting men should be executed, the women and children should be enslaved. It is perhaps hard to imagine that someone would even question whether such an incident did in fact occur. However, the 20<sup>th</sup> century witnessed a challenge posed by some contemporary scholars suggesting that Saʿd ibn Muʿādh’s judgement had never happened. If this claim bears any amount of truth, it may be considered as a new revolutionary opinion that has eluded numerous generations of Muslim scholars. This article examines the claim of these contemporary scholars and limits itself to what can be analysed by the means of <em>ʿulūm al-ḥadīth</em> (<em>ḥadīth</em> criticism). While the critics have discussed various aspects about the entire Banū Qurayẓah campaign, this article focuses entirely on the judgment of Saʿd ibn Muʿādh. Two aspects are examined: <em>sanad</em> (chain of narration) and <em>matn</em> (text). The study has discovered that the narration concerning Saʿd ibn Muʿādh’s judgement is indeed authentic and the critics may have missed significant points in passing their judgments.</span></p> Fajri Matahati Muhammadin, Muhammad Jasir Nashrullah Copyright (c) 2021 IIUM Press Wed, 17 Feb 2021 00:00:00 +0800 The Acceptance of Effeminates During the Prophet’s Time According to the Ḥadīth <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;">An effeminate is a male who acts in a manner of the opposite sex. The Qurʾān records that acts of homosexuality existed since the era of Prophet Lūṭ PBUH. During Prophet Muhammad’s time, there were effeminates present who lived amongst the Muslim society. The act of transvestism, however, is forbidden in Islam. Allah and His Messenger provided us with guidelines on interacting with such behaviours. Furthermore, Islam also enlightens us on the status of this group of Muslims. Thus, this research explains the <em>ḥadīth</em>s of Prophet Muhammad SAW and its directives in relation to effeminates. This research also thoroughly discusses the <em>fiqh</em> of the <em>ḥadīth</em>s from the scholars’ point of view. The researchers only discuss <em>ḥadīth</em>s that are considered as <em>ṣaḥīḥ</em> and <em>ḥasan</em>. In conducting this research, the qualitative content analysis method was employed. This research will explain the acceptance of Prophet Muhammad PBUH and his companions towards the effeminates. It also elaborates the understanding of the <em>ḥadīth</em>s according to the scholars. The researchers found that there are sixteen <em>ḥadīth</em>s related to the effeminates, from which fourteen <em>ḥadīth</em>s are <em>ṣaḥīḥ</em> and two <em>ḥadīth</em>s are <em>ḍaʿīf</em>.</span></p> Abdul Rasydan Bin Mohamad Rusli, Ahmad Sanusi Bin Azmi Copyright (c) 2021 IIUM Press Wed, 17 Feb 2021 00:00:00 +0800 أقسام المرض من منظور القرآن الكريم: دراسة موضوعيّة <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;">This study aims to shed light on the categories of diseases from a Qurʾanic perspective through inductive and analytical approaches. The research concluded that: the root cause of disease according to the Qur’an is deficiency - and its various derivations have been repeated in the Qur’an twenty-four times; the necessity of preserving physical health from lack of strength, and preserving spiritual health from lack of faith - and that the infinitive form of the verb disease is the most mentioned in the Noble Qur’an, and came in the context of dissimulation from the attributes of the hypocrites; to the disease of the soul is more dangerous and deadly than the disease of the physical body. Three types of disease have also been identified in the Qur’an: physical illness, mental illness, and spiritual illness.</span></p> Abdelali Bey Zekkoub Copyright (c) 2021 IIUM Press Wed, 17 Feb 2021 00:00:00 +0800 معالم شخصية العالم الاقتصادي الرباني في القصص القرآني: يوسف عليه السلام أنموذجًا <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;">This research seeks to address some of the character traits of a God-conscious economist based on the story of Prophet Yusuf/Joseph (PBUH) as a model considering the successful and efficient methods that he adopted to solve problems due to drought in his time. The research adopts the inductive approach by tracing the relevant parts in the story of Prophet Yusuf (PBUH). It also employs the analytical method to classify the information contained in this story, as well as to derive the traits that should reflect the character of the God-conscious economist. The research has discovered several significant characteristics of a God-conscious economist which should be emulated by Muslim economists who aspire to follow in the footsteps of the Prophets.</span></p> Lukmanul Hakim, Radwan Jamal Elatrash Copyright (c) 2021 IIUM Press Wed, 17 Feb 2021 00:00:00 +0800 زواج المسلم من الكتابية في العصر الحاضر في ضوء التفسير الاجتماعي <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;">This research discusses an important contemporary issue that is the marriage of a Muslim man to a woman from the People of the Book (kitābiyyah) in light of contemporary sociological exegesis. Many Muslims, for various reasons, migrated to the West and had to adapt and assimilate themselves. As such, some of them also desire to marry locals from the People of the Book. Consequently, many issues arise from the marriage of a Muslim man to kitābiyyah, especially that related to aḥkām. Although this issue was addressed by jurists and exegetes of the past, yet contemporary sociological exegetes have formulated new forms of rulings pertaining to this issue. The researchers explore the opinions of the contemporary exegetes, especially those affiliated with the school sociological exegesis, on resolving this issue in light of the Qurʾān.</span></p> Muhammad Rafiq Ghariq, Nashwan Abdo Khaled Qaid Copyright (c) 2021 IIUM Press Wed, 17 Feb 2021 00:00:00 +0800 Kemusykilan Hadis-Hadis Sifat Allah: Kajian Pendekatan al-Bayḥaqī dalam Kitab al-Asmāʾ wa’l-Ṣifāt <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;"> <em>Mushkil al-Ḥadīth</em> is an important subject in <em>ḥadīth</em> scholarship for its contribution to the understanding of complicated <em>ḥadīth</em> texts. Muslim scholars have exerted their utmost efforts to solve apparent conflicts and problems in <em>ḥadīth</em> texts that pertain to Islamic theological or legal principles. In the theological discourse, one of the problems often debated is the interpretation of scriptures that contain attributes of God which are deemed anthropomorphic. This is also known as the problem of <em>al-ṣifāt al-khabariyyah </em>(Divine attributes which were derived solely from <em>khabar</em> i.e., Qurʾan and <em>ḥadīth</em> as opposed to those derived from logical reasoning) or <em>khabarī</em> attributes. Amongst the scholars who have treated this subject is al-Imām al-Bayḥaqī whose work on theology was based on the approach of <em>ḥadīth</em> scholars. This paper intends to delineate the method applied by al-Bayḥaqī in addressing the problem of <em>khabarī</em> attributes. This study adopts the method of text analysis by focusing on al-Bayḥaqī’s work titled <em>al-Asmāʾ wa’l-Ṣifāt</em>. The study has found that al-Bayḥaqī adopted the methods of <em>taʾwīl</em> and <em>tafwīḍ</em> in dealing with <em>khabarī</em> attributes.</span></p> Zamzuri Bin Harun Copyright (c) 2021 IIUM Press Wed, 17 Feb 2021 00:00:00 +0800