AL-BURHĀN: JOURNAL OF QURʾĀN AND SUNNAH STUDIES <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;">al-Burhān is a biannual internationally refereed journal which mainly publishes articles in English and Arabic in addition to other languages of Muslim societies such as Malay, Turkish, Urdu, Farsi, etc. The journal is managed by the Department of Qurʾan and Sunnah Studies, Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (KIRKHS), International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) in collaboration with IIUM Journal Publication Unit, and published online by IIUM Press. The Editorial Board of the Journal welcomes contributions of papers on any topics related to Qurʾan, Sunnah and Sīrah studies. al-Burhān is intended to provide an avenue for scholars, academics, and researchers from all persuasions and traditions to forward, share and discuss their views, opinions, theories, arguments and all that can adopt the academic language with the purpose of enhancing the discourse of advanced revelation and scriptural knowledge and education. al-Burhān ultimately aims to become one of the leading platforms for knowledge on Islam that will leave a positive impact on the progress of society and the betterment of humanity. The eISSN of al-Burhān is 2600-8386.</span></p> en-US <p align="justify"><strong><span style="color: #c61902; font-family: GentiumAlt;">In general, reusing or reproducing substantial portions of al-Burhān content requires permission. This includes the use of text, figures, tables, multimedia content, and any other material published in any issues of al-Burhān Journal of Qur'an and Sunnah Studies. For some instances, al-Burhān may make its content freely viewable; however, such material may require permission for reuse. To seek permission, please contact the editorial.<br /></span></strong></p> (Editorial Board) (al-Burhan Technical Support) Mon, 30 Aug 2021 08:53:20 +0800 OJS 60 Correlating Some Early Ḥijāzī and Kūfan Qurʾān Fragments to their Ancestral ʿUthmānī Codices <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;"> Through a palaeographical and comparative analysis of certain Quran fragments—preliminarily deemed to have belonged in the mid-first to early second Islamic century—this paper attempts to provide a scheme of their possible ancestral codices transcribed during the reign of the third Muslim caliph ʿUthmān b. ʿAffān. It examines how those parchments reflect 44 cases of consonantal variations in their texts, which were reported and elaborated by early Quran experts, including Ibn Abī Dāwūd al-Sijistānī (d. 316/928) in <em>al-Maṣāḥīf</em>, and the fifth-century Andalusian Abū ʿAmr al-Dānī (d. 444/1052) in his <em>Muqniʿ</em>. The paper does not aim to classify those parchments according to their readings, which were systematically canonized later by Ibn Mujāhid (d. 324/936), but according to their province and the earlier codices on which they were based. It would help us to test the veracity of accounts maintained in Islamic sources on the earliest codices of ʿUthmān.</span></p> Mohammad Said Mitwally Ibrahim Alrahawan (Author) Copyright (c) 2021 IIUM Press Mon, 30 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0800 Women’s Role as Mufassir and Their Contributions to Qurʾanic Exegesis <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;"> The role of the Qurʾan as the primary legal source in Islam is inevitable among Muslims. Previous and present scholars have discussed the study of the Qurʾan in various fields, and many efforts have been done to understand its content from multiple languages. In addition, Qurʾanic exegesis or <em>tafsīr</em> is another important branch that contributes a lot in understanding the Qurʾan. However, it has been long debated that Qurʾanic exegesis was dominated by men since the seventh century. Due to the challenge debated by feminists, women began to question males’ interpretation and gradually produce their own interpretation by affirming the concept of ‘women-friendly’. Therefore, this study aims to analyse their arguments and to discover the contributions of women in Qurʾanic exegesis from the eighteenth century to the present day. By applying the qualitative method, this study found that all <em>tafsīr</em> written by female <em>mufassir</em>s have different formats, purposes, methods, and approaches. There is also need and demands of women scholars in Qurʾanic exegesis, because undeniably, there are differences found in the interpretations of male and female scholars. However, it is vital to highlight that the main responsibility to understand the Qurʾan and apply its content in daily life should not be determined by gender, but it lies within an individual’s obligation.</span></p> Nur Saadah Hamisan @ Khair, Norwardatun Mohamed Razali (Author) Copyright (c) 2021 IIUM Press Mon, 30 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0800 Ḥadīths on al-Taṣwīr and Ittijāhāt al-ʿUlamāʾ Concerning Handmade Image-making <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;"> This research is concerned with the issues pertaining to image-making while aiming to understand the trends amongst the scholars in dealing with the subject. The divergence of opinions between scholars since the early time of Islam until today substantiates the significance of this particular research. The researchers start by searching for and collecting the most important <em>ḥadīth</em>s and verify them based on the standard <em>ḥadīth</em> verification principles. The second step is to analyse the debate amongst the scholars, as well as to compare the position of the scholars in this particular matter, with some academic appraisals on their respective stance. The inductive and analytical methods are utilised in the entire study. As the outcome of this research, the researchers conclude that the dispute amongst the scholars in this matter is not due to the status of the <em>ḥadīth</em>s, i.e., whether they are authentic, weak, or fabricated, but the dispute was based entirely on their differences in understanding the <em>ḥadīth</em>s and their reasoning. This, as it is well-known, is considered as a branch of the <em>ḥadīth</em> sciences which is <em>fiqh al- ḥadīth</em>.</span></p> Muhammad Akmalludin Mohd Hamdan, Amar Fettane (Author) Copyright (c) 2021 IIUM Press Mon, 30 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0800 دعاوى المستشرقين بوجود الأخطاء النحويّة في بعض الآيات القرآنية وردودها: دراسة نقديّة <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;"> Some western grammarians claim that several verses of the Holy Qurʾān are written in violation of the grammatical rules of the Arabic language. Allah SWT challenges the Arabs who were fluent in their language to produce the like of the Qurʾān, and they failed. This paper adopts the methods of literature critiques, emphasizing descriptive, historical, analytical, and comparative, dialectic methods to explore the base of suspicion of the oriental scholars. The paper argues that the claims of these orientalists are very false which prove they are not deeply concerned about the high definition of the Qurʾanic language. In this paper we analysed the Qurʾanic verses which they claimed to have violated grammatical rules</span></p> Mohammad Nurul Islam, Mohammad Yousuf (Author) Copyright (c) 2021 IIUM Press Mon, 30 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0800 عوامل تأخر الزواج في المجتمع البنغلاديشي وآثارها على حياة الفرد: دراسة تحليلية في ضوء السنة النبوية <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;"> This research deals with a contemporary social issue, late marriage and its effects on individuals and Bangladeshi society in general. This phenomenon had raised problems at both individual and societal levels. This study adopted inductive and analytical methods. The inductive method was used to collect data related to the issue of late marriage and to identify the statements of contemporary scholars, researchers, and experts on this issue. Meanwhile, the analytical approach was used to explore solutions for the problems raised in this study. This study arrived at several findings. Firstly, late marriage is a contemporary problem among Bangladeshi youths which leads to various problems. Secondly, some of the important factors leading to delay in marriage among Bangladeshi youths are economic problems, cultural factors, and social issues of which the main factors contributing to this problem among youths are the lack of suitable and preferable candidates Thirdly, the negative effects of late marriage can be seen on an individual’s health whereby it can contribute to diseases to one's body, mind, and a decline in one’s fertility.</span></p> Muhiuddin Khandokar Arif Muhammad, Mohammed Abullais al-Khayrabadi (Author) Copyright (c) 2021 IIUM Press Mon, 30 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0800 استنباط قاعدة سد الذرائع من السنة وأثرها في الإفتاء في القضايا المعاصرة للمرأة في بنغلاديش <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;">This research aims at studying the rule of <em>sadd al-dharāʾiʿ</em> in terms of its application in some contemporary issues of women in Bangladesh. Amongst the most prominent of these issues is the concept of woman’s ʿ<em>awrah</em> that has effects on all of her affairs and related rulings. In this context, the study will discuss the concept of <em>ʿawrah</em> and how the rule of <em>sadd al-dharāʾiʿ</em> is applied on it, and in some other women’s issues which has led to embarrassment, hardship and woman being deprived of exercising her fixed rights in Islamic law, which in fact equates both genders in terms of rights and duties. The study adopts inductive and analytical approaches.</span></p> Mohammad Nurunnabi, Muhammad Amanullah (Author) Copyright (c) 2021 IIUM Press Mon, 30 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0800 伊斯兰教育理念:阿塔斯的伊斯兰教育哲学架构:中文译本 <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;">Well-known Muslim scholar Syed Muhammad Naquib al-Attas has not gained enough attention from Chinese intellectuals due to the lack of the Mandarin translation of his works. In this book on the Concept of Education in Islam, Prof. al-Attas clarifies the key terms pertaining to Islamic education and also defines education from an Islamic perspective and explains <em>taʿlīm</em> as the corresponding term used in Islamic tradition as well as referring to teaching. He stresses the importance of <em>ādāb</em> whose original meaning has gradually changed and limited. He establishes a very important concept of Islamization, with which he lays the foundation for the concept of an Islamic university and the framework of an Islamic education system.</span></p> Xinyu Zhang (Author) Copyright (c) 2021 IIUM Press Mon, 30 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0800 Editorial Khairil Husaini Bin Jamil Copyright (c) 2021 IIUM Press Mon, 30 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0800