AL-BURHĀN: JOURNAL OF QURʾĀN AND SUNNAH STUDIES 2019-07-13T08:51:19+08:00 Assoc. Prof. Dr. Sohirin Solihin Open Journal Systems <p align="justify">al-Burhān: Journal of Qurʾan and Sunnah Studies is a bilingual (English and Arabic) internationally refereed journal published twice yearly by the Department of Qur’an and Sunnah Studies, Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia. The articles, based on original research, are submitted by scholars and researchers who are exploring ideas and issues pertinent to the area of Qur’an and Sunnah studies. eISSN 2600-8386</p> Modern and Classical Scientific Readings of the Qurʾān: A Comparative Study of Abdul Wadud (d.2001) and al-Bayḍāwī (d.1286)'s Naturalistic Exegesis 2019-07-02T08:16:13+08:00 Arnold Yasin Mol <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;"> Among the trends of Islamic modernism is the propagation of the compatibility or similarity of the meaning of verses of the Qurʾān with modern scientific theories and observations of nature and the cosmos. Although this idea of compatibility is also advocated by several classical scholars in their exegesis of the Qurʾān, it never had so many proponents and such wide popularity among the general Muslim population as it has since the 20<sup>th</sup> century. Many proponents of scientific exegesis (<em>t</em><em>afsīr al-ʿilm</em><em>ī</em>) claim that the Qurʾān contains descriptions of nature that are scientifically accurate, and which can only be understood correctly with current scientific knowledge, i.e. the true meaning of the these verses was not available to Muslims before the appearance of modern science. We will test this claim by comparing one such modern proponent's exegesis, Abdul Wadud (d. 2001), with that of a classical scholar, ʿAbd Allāh al-Baydāwī (d. 1286). Through this we can see if the modern 'scientific miracle' exegesis of the Qurʾān truly provides new or even better insights of these verses compared to classical rational exegesis. This article tries not to analyze the veracity of modern or classical exegesis, but their concept of the purpose of revelation, epistemology and worldview concerning nature, and how this is applied in their proposed exegesis of certain verses. In this comparative analysis of the scientific exegesis of Wadud and al-Bayḍāwī we will show that both their approaches to the Qurʾānic text is rational, focused on the inimitability of the Qu'ran (<em>ʿ</em><em>ijāz al-Qurʾān</em>), and incorporate their contemporary natural philosophy into their exegesis, thereby linking revelation and nature.</span></p> 2019-06-29T22:38:17+08:00 Copyright (c) 2019 IIUM Press Are Human Resources Merely Resources? A Study in Light of the Qurʾān 2019-07-02T07:54:35+08:00 Amir Hayat Muhammad Tariq Ramzan <p><span style="margin: 0px; border: medium; color: black; line-height: 115%; font-family: GentiumAlt; font-size: 10pt;"><strong>Abstract:</strong> Collective knowledge, creative abilities and skills actually or potentially available in a society are termed as ‘human resources’. The intangible resources are considered to be the most important factor in social and economic development of a nation. In organizational context, the capacities and capabilities available to the organization to achieve its goals are called its ‘human resources’. This ‘human resource’ concept is the latest evolutionary stage of long traditions of preparing individuals for more works and enabling them to be more productive and prosperous. The concept of human resources is a synthesis and mixture of many social philosophies such as materialism, secularism, capitalism, and utilitarianism. This approach is aimed at well-being of individuals as well as achievement of social and organizational goals. The Qurʾān -the word of God according to Muslim faith- also speaks about man, his status in this world and his success in this world and in the hereafter. In this paper, effort has been made to clarify the viewpoint of Qurʾān regarding management and development of human beings as resources to achieve organizational as well as social goals. A qualitative approach based upon extensive review of literature has been used to study the concept of human beings in the light of Qur’an. The findings explicitly elaborate that the Qurʾān sets two-fold objectives and goals for human and social welfare. On the one hand, it emphasises on capacity building to achieve material well-being. On the other hand, it prepares individuals to excel morally and spiritually. It has been observed that man is not merely a resource to satisfy organizational objectives. He is much more than just a nut and bolt of machinery. While defining his role as productive member of an organization and society, his dignity, prestige, and status in the universe must be observed. </span></p> 2019-07-01T18:53:57+08:00 Copyright (c) 2019 IIUM Press The Hospitality of Communication in Islam: An Analytical Study on Contemporary Works of Tafsīr 2019-07-13T08:51:19+08:00 Zubaidi Wahyono Mohd. Shah Jani Sohirin M Solihin <p><span style="margin: 0px; border: medium; color: black; line-height: 115%; font-family: GentiumAlt; font-size: 10pt;"><strong>Abstract:</strong></span><span style="margin: 0px; border: medium; color: black; line-height: 115%; font-family: GentiumAlt; font-size: 10pt;"> <span style="margin: 0px;">The paper attempts to elucidate different levels of hospitality that relates to human communication. It focuses mainly on reading verses of the Qurʾān that speak of ethical conduct in dealing with others and analysing its contexts. The divine message given to the Prophet Muhammad PBUH emphasises on the significance of hospitable relation in every sphere of human life. It plays extremely important role in avoiding misunderstanding and conflict within the society. The emergence of tensions between individuals in the community has always been the result of harshness and negative words applied in communication. </span>In the discussion, we employ the method of deductive analysis on the views of contemporary scholars in the field of Qurʾanic <em>tafsīr </em>who interpret the verses adopting a sort of contextual approach. The scope of the study is limited to analysing the interpretation of verses related to ethical relation between individuals, family members, diverse religious adherents, and governmental leaders. The significance of this study is that it addresses the question of why humanity should take benefit from the Qurʾanic guidance on the hospitality of communication to maintain peace and harmonious life.</span></p> 2019-07-01T23:39:15+08:00 Copyright (c) 2019 IIUM Press Translating the Knowledge of Qurʾān and Sunnah into Action: The Islamisation Project of IIUM 2019-07-02T08:08:59+08:00 Ahmad Nabil Amir <p style="margin: 0px 0px 13.33px; text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><strong><span lang="NL" style="margin: 0px; line-height: 115%; font-family: GentiumAlt; font-size: 10pt;">Abstract:</span></strong> <span style="margin: 0px; line-height: 115%; font-family: GentiumAlt; font-size: 10pt;">This study attempts to analyse the role of the International Islamic University in achieving Islamisation and in bringing out an integrated curricular and educational program aiming for the holistic development of the ummah and institutions at all levels of society. It also offers profound analysis of the universal values and teachings the University had imparted and its function to provide a broad spectrum and avenue for potential human growth and in driving the intellectual reform and constructing <em>ummatan wasaṭa</em> </span><span style="margin: 0px; line-height: 115%; font-family: GentiumAlt; font-size: 10pt;">(<span style="margin: 0px;">the balanced community) based on Islamic worldviews, norms, principles and values in realizing Islamization process. The study also dealt specifically with the vision of the University, as enshrined in its constitution that define her character, psyche, culture and direction. It also turns to discuss specific intellectual and spiritual challenges that the modern world had posed to contemporary Muslim and the role that the University can play in providing the means to answer these challenges.</span></span></p> 2019-07-01T23:44:17+08:00 Copyright (c) 2019 IIUM Press دلالات الألفاظ المترادفة المتقاربة المعنى في سورة البقرة: دراسة نموذجية 2019-07-02T07:59:51+08:00 Nurul Rafah Syazwani Rahmat Sofiah Samsuddin <p style="margin: 0px 0px 10.66px; text-align: justify; unicode-bidi: embed; direction: rtl; text-justify: inter-ideograph;" dir="RTL"><strong><span lang="AR-SA" style="margin: 0px; font-family: Amiri;">ملخص البحث: </span></strong><span lang="AR-SA" style="margin: 0px; font-family: Amiri;">يهدف هذا البحث إلى إبراز مفهوم الترادف لغة واصطلاحا، وبيان موقفه من إثباته أو إنكاره في القرآن، عن طريق الإتيان بالآيات القرآنية التي وردت فيها الألفاظ التي قيل بترادفها، من سورة البقرة أساسا للنقاش وغيرها من السور، بواسطة استقرائها، وتحليلها في مختلف سياقاتها. فمن ثم، العثور على حقيقة هذه الألفاظ التي قيل بترادفها وبيان دلالاتها، فيتبين بذلك كونها من المترادفة أو المتقاربة في المعنى. أما وقوعها واستخدامها في كلام البشر، فهذا جائز، ولا عيب فيها. ولكن المشكلة تقع حينما يظنون أن استخدام الألفاظ في القرآن كاستخدامها في كلام البشر، وذلك بسبب أن عامة الناس قلما يهتمون بدقائق الأمور الموجودة في القرآن، كالفروق الدقيقة بين الكلمات التي قيل بترادفها. فالبحث معتمد على المنهج الاستقرائي، والتحليلي، وتذكر النتائج في الخاتمة.</span></p> 2019-07-01T23:47:01+08:00 Copyright (c) 2019 IIUM Press قراءة في تأريخ الإسناد والتجريد: كتاب شهاب الأخبار للقضاعي (454هـ) وآثاره في مسار التصنيف الحديثي 2019-07-02T20:52:22+08:00 Khairil Husaini Bin Jamil <p style="margin: 0px 0px 10.66px; text-align: justify; unicode-bidi: embed; direction: rtl; text-justify: inter-ideograph;" dir="RTL"><strong><span lang="AR-SA" style="margin: 0px; font-family: Amiri;">ملخص البحث: </span></strong><span lang="AR-SA" style="margin: 0px; font-family: Amiri;">تهدف هذه المقالة إلى تسليط الضوء على تأريخ منهج الإسناد عند المسلمين، وذلك من خلال تتبع الظواهر لحذف الرواة وإسقاطهم في أداء الرواية الحديثية. قدم البحث في البداية عرضًا يسيرًا لظاهرة الإرسال قاصدًا الكشف عن أصول عملية الحذف أو التجريد وتأريخها، ومحاولاً للاستدلال بذلك على تطور منهج الإسناد وظهور مفهوم الإسناد المتصل الصحيح. اكتشف البحث أن منهج التجريد قد برزت صورته في وسط القرن الخامس الهجري عندما شرع بعض المحدثين في حذف الأسانيد من أجزائهم الحديثية. واقترحت المقالة أيضا الإجابة على بعض الأسئلة نحو من هو أول من حذف الأسانيد من الكتب الحديثية؟ وما هي الخلفية التي أدت إلى شهرة بعض المجموعات الحديثية أمثال رياض الصالحين والأربعين النووية؟ هذه كلها مستفادة من دراسات</span> <span lang="AR-SA" style="margin: 0px; font-family: Amiri;">موسعة في كتاب شهاب الأخبار للقضاعي وجهود العلماء من السنة والشيعة في خدمة هذا السفر العظيم.</span></p> 2019-07-01T23:49:28+08:00 Copyright (c) 2019 IIUM Press محاسن منهجية للإمام الشوكاني (١٢٥٠هـ) في تفسير القرآن الكريم 2019-07-02T12:05:23+08:00 Nasirudeen Abdulrahim Adeyanju Ahmad Muhammad Jungudo <p align="justify" lang="ar" dir="rtl"><span style="font-family: Segoe; color: #006071;"><strong>ملخص البحث</strong>: يُعدُّ كتاب "فتح القدير" للإمام الشوكاني من أحسن المؤلفات في تفسير القرآن الكريم؛ لحسن منهجه ووضوح عباراته وسهولة أسلوبه وتوسط حجمه، واشتماله على زبدة ما في كتب المفسرين الذين سبقوه، وما يمتاز به من محاسن أخر. وقد تناولت هذه الدراسة منهج الشوكاني في التعامل مع أصول التفسير وقواعده ومصادره الأساسية على اختلافها، وطريقته في التعامل مع المرويات الضعيفة والموضوعات والإسرائيليات وما لا صلة له بالتفسير من التعليلات والفلسفيات، وموقفه من طلب التناسب بين الآيات والسور القرآنية. وارتأت الورقة أن التمسك بمنهج هذا الإمام في الأمور المذكورة تعين المشتغلين بالتفسير على الفهم السديد لآيات التنزيل والأداء السليم لمهمة التبليغ، سواء كان هذا التبليغ شفويا أو كتابيا.</span></p> 2019-07-01T23:51:48+08:00 Copyright (c) 2019 IIUM Press