AL-BURHĀN: JOURNAL OF QURʾĀN AND SUNNAH STUDIES 2020-01-02T07:48:07+08:00 Assoc. Prof. Dr. Sohirin Solihin Open Journal Systems <p align="justify">al-Burhān: Journal of Qurʾan and Sunnah Studies is a bilingual (English and Arabic) internationally refereed journal published twice yearly by the Department of Qur’an and Sunnah Studies, Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia. The articles, based on original research, are submitted by scholars and researchers who are exploring ideas and issues pertinent to the area of Qur’an and Sunnah studies. eISSN 2600-8386</p> Challenges and Difficulties in Memorizing the Qurʾan in the Tahfiz Classes Among Secondary Learners 2019-12-28T11:58:36+08:00 Nik Md Saiful Azizi Nik Abdullah Fathiyah Solehah Mohd Sabbri Rabi'atul Athirah Muhammad Isa <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;"> This article explores the challenges faced by students in Qur’an memorization in the Taḥfīẓ class setting. A qualitative study through semi-structured interviews through one-on-one interactions were used to investigate participants’ views about their challenges on memorizing the Qur’an. The researchers used open-ended interview structure which included specific questions, followed up by probing questions to investigate the phenomenon in details. Participants in this study were made up of 6 Taḥfīẓ students (3 females and 3 males), whose ages ranged between 15 to 17-year olds, Learning could be very challenging when something unattended coming after learners during the study process. Sometimes, if learners did not overcome it, it may cause even bigger challenges and might create depression in them. This article will explore the techniques used by students in Quranic memorization in the Tahfiz class. A qualitative study through one to one interview to 6 participants, 3 from Sekolah Menengah Islam Al-Amin Gombak (SMIAAG) and 3 from Sekolah Menengah Islam Al-Amin Bangi (SMIAAB) were done to gain information of this study. The findings suggested that the feeling of empathy, parents’ prayer and advice, continuous repetitions, early morning practices, smart scheduling for memorizing, having a partner to memorize, introspection, punishment and other learning materials helps in overcoming their barriers in Quranic memorization.</span></p> 2019-12-28T11:51:26+08:00 Copyright (c) 2019 IIUM Press Mental Health and Psychotherapy: A Comparison between Western and Islamic Scripturally Based Psychologies 2019-12-28T11:58:36+08:00 Mohd Abbas Abdul Razak Abdul Latif Abdul Razak Abdulhamid Mohamed Ali Zaroum <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;">Advancement in the way of life and urbanization have brought many great changes in the psychological well-being of people in many parts of the world. The need to be materially affluent has pushed people in the urban settlements to unnecessary stress, anxiety, conflict, dilemma, and a whole lot of other adverse psychological states of mind. Due to these psychological problems, at times, people who mainly live in the cities, respond to these situations in a negative way ignoring completely the religious and ethical principles in life. In light of this situation, this research would like to explore the concepts of mental health and psychotherapy showcased by some selected schools in the Western mainstream psychology and Islamic scripturally based psychology. Particularly, ideas advocated by Freudian Psychoanalysis, Radical Behaviourism and Humanistic Psychology will be compared with Islamic psychology. For a better understanding on issues related to mental health, this research will marginally deal with the subject of human nature confined to the scope of this research. It is hoped that a proper understanding of the concept of mental health and its management could help people to lead a meaningful life, i.e. finding peace and harmony within themselves and in the external world. As a qualitative research, the researchers will utilize the textual-analysis method in analysing relevant data to this research.</span></p> 2019-12-28T11:52:32+08:00 Copyright (c) 2019 IIUM Press Assessing Goldziher’s Claim of Fabrication of Hadith by the Companions of the Prophet 2019-12-28T11:58:36+08:00 Jaafar Saad Aliyu Alhaji Rabiu <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;">The Muslims agreed that the sunnah of Prophet Muhammad PBUH is the second of the two revealed fundamental sources of Islam, after the Glorious Qurʾan. The authentic sunnah is contained within the vast body of hadith literature. Therefore, any impugnation against it is a direct destruction of the <em>sharīʿah</em>. In this guise, Goldziher claimed that the fabrication of ḥadīth began after the death of the Prophet and that indeed, the first to fabricate ḥadīth were the companions themselves. This paper briefly highlights the methods of the earlier <em>muḥaddithūn</em> (traditionalists) and also assesses the claim of Ignaz Goldziher and his method in dealing with ḥadīth; it afterwards attempts the refutation of his claims. The work centers only on Goldziher’s allegation for fabrication made by the companions of the Prophet. The paper adopts descriptive and analytical methods in data collection, discussion, and analysis. The paper used secondary data from published classical and contemporary sources. The study discovers that the accusations advanced by Goldziher are baseless, since he lacked credible evidence to support his hypothesis but depended heavily on narratives most of which fell short of historical reliability. It is recommended therefore, that students of knowledge and Muslims generally should be cautious of using Goldziher’s works due its lack of scientific evidences.</span></p> 2019-12-28T11:53:18+08:00 Copyright (c) 2019 IIUM Press Amin Ahsan Islahi and Sayyid Qutb on Sūrah as an Integrated Whole: A Brief Methodological Comparison on the Tafsīr of al-Aḥzāb, al-Ghāfir and al-Ṭūr 2020-01-02T07:48:07+08:00 Aqilah Samsudin Shohanah Binte Mohammed Firdaus Nur Syuhadah Aliah Ali Hassan <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;">In understanding the messages of the Holy Qurʾān, man refers to the exegetical works by scholars who spend their lives interpreting, uncovering, and exploring the Qurʾanic verses. There are many types of exegetical works, each are represented by different methods, approaches and purposes resulting in diversity of interpretations of the divine text. This study compare two modern <em>tafsīr</em> works, <em>Tadabbur-e-Qurʾān</em> by Amin Ahsan Islahi and <em>Fī Ẓilāl al-Qurʾān</em> by Sayyid Qutb, and their interpretations of three selected sūrah (chapters) of the Qurʾān; sūrah al-Aḥzāb, sūrah al-Muʾmin (also named al-Ghāfīr), and sūrah al-Ṭūr. The comparison looks at the general methodologies of both works, their sectional division of sūrah, their concern for the central theme, and issues and subjects highlighted by each work in interpreting a sūrah.</span></p> 2019-12-28T11:54:02+08:00 Copyright (c) 2019 IIUM Press أثر الاختلاف في إعراب الآيات القرآنية في توجيه معانيها: سورة الفاتحة نموذجًا 2019-12-28T11:58:37+08:00 Syed Shahridzan Syed Mohamed Mohammad Seman <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;">In this study, Sūrah al-Fātiḥah was chosen as a case for the study of the impact of divergent views of <em>iʿrāb</em> on the meaning of its verses. Two types of methods were used to achieve the objectives of this study, which simultaneously explained the importance of the science of <em>iʿrāb</em> in understanding the Qurʾan. Firstly, a conceptual analysis involving the review of related topics in iʿrāb together with topics in Arabic languages and the science of <em>tafsīr</em>. The second method involves a semantic analysis that studies the effect of the <em>iʿrāb</em> on the meaning of the verses of Sūrah al-Fātiḥah. The result from this study shows that the mastery of the sciences of <em>iʿrāb</em> is extremely crucial in understanding the meaning of Quraʾnic verses. It is not only useful in mastering the Arabic language; but it is also helpful to master other branches of knowledge within the area of Islamic studies, particularly the study of <em>tafsīr</em>.</span></p> 2019-12-28T11:54:44+08:00 Copyright (c) 2019 IIUM Press أهمية أسلوب الالتفات وأثره في توجيه القراءات القرآنية: دراسة تحليلية 2019-12-28T11:58:37+08:00 Najie Hussein Saleh Ali <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;">This study aims to expound various types of reference switching, from the second person to the third and also to the first, and vice versa, in light of the principles of Qurʾanic variant readings. It explores the extent to which meanings, interpretations and derived rulings are affected by this variety of expression in Qurʾanic recitation. The author will explain the importance of reference switching and its impact on Qurʾanic variant readings and how the style itself is affected by those variant readings. The study will also illustrate the impact of this rhetorical style, with its various forms, on expanding the possible Qurʾanic interpretations by the way of generalizing the restricted and specific texts or restricting the generalized and absolute texts in terms of their meanings - an occurrence of sort will subsequently affect the process of interpretation. The impact of this reference switching also can be appreciated in expelling problems and confusions encountered by some exegetes and linguists, and how this notion can further emphasize the miraculous eloquence and inimitability of the Qurʾān.</span></p> 2019-12-28T11:55:31+08:00 Copyright (c) 2019 IIUM Press المنافقون وأساليبهم المختلفة لهدم المجتمع: دراسة تحليلية لآيات سورة التوبة 2019-12-28T11:58:37+08:00 Maher Bin Ghazali Noor Mohammad Osmani <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;">This study aims at explaining the styles and methods that the hypocrites seek to use in order to destroy the Muslim community. It is done through exploring the Qur’anic verses in Surah al-Tawbah, analysing it and learning the statements of the Qur’anic commentators about them. As it turns out, the hypocrites did not spare any effort in seeking to harm Muslims. Therefore, it is imperative to know their styles and methods and expose them to the general people and the scholars. The research concluded that some of these methods include as follows: the hypocrites try to use psychological warfare against Muslim society to demotivate them and to spread false rumours; try to assassinate the leaders and the scholars in order to create an internal vacuum; also to abstain from spending in the causes of Allah. All these approaches are intended to destroy the society and to end its stability.</span></p> 2019-12-28T11:56:15+08:00 Copyright (c) 2019 IIUM Press