https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-burhan/index.php/al-burhan/issue/feed AL-BURHĀN: JOURNAL OF QURʾĀN AND SUNNAH STUDIES 2024-02-10T19:10:35+08:00 Dr. Noor Mohammad Osmani abusajid@iium.edu.my Open Journal Systems <p align="justify"><span style="font-family: GentiumAlt; color: #006071;">al-Burhān is a biannual internationally refereed journal which publishes articles in English and Arabic. The journal is managed by the Department of Qurʾan and Sunnah Studies, Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (KIRKHS), International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) in collaboration with IIUM Journal Publication Unit, and published online by IIUM Press. The Editorial Committee of the Journal welcomes contributions of papers on any topics related to Qurʾan, Sunnah and Sīrah studies. al-Burhān is intended to provide an avenue for scholars, academics, and researchers from all persuasions and traditions to forward, share and discuss their views, opinions, theories, arguments and all that can adopt the academic language with the purpose of enhancing the discourse of advanced revelation and scriptural knowledge and education. al-Burhān ultimately aims to become one of the leading platforms for knowledge on Islam that will leave a positive impact on the progress of society and the betterment of humanity. The eISSN of al-Burhān is 2600-8386.</span></p> https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-burhan/index.php/al-burhan/article/view/330 Editorial 2023-12-05T20:14:49+08:00 Kabuye Uthman Sulaiman kabuye@iium.edu.my Maulana Akbar Shah @ U Tun Aung maularna@iium.edu.my <p>The call for this special issue was prompted by the International Conference on Women Empowerment deliberations. The conference, held on 10<sup>th</sup> December 2022 at International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), was inaugurated by Dr. Maulana Akbar Shah @ U Tun Aung, Head of Research in the department of Fundamental and Inter-Disciplinary Studies, AbdulHamid AbuSulayman Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (AHAS KIRKHS), who delivered a welcoming speech, followed by opening remarks by Prof. Shukran Bin Abd Rahman, Dean of AHAS KIRKHS. The event also featured speeches by distinguished guests, including the Honourable Rector of IIUM, Professor Emeritus Tan Sri Dato’ Dzulkifli bin Abdul Razak and Mr. Thomas Albrecht, Representative of UNHCR, Malaysia, Prof. Abdul Aziz Berghout, the Dean of the International Institute of Islamic Thought and Civilisation (ISTAC), IIUM, and Prof. Dawood Al-Hidabi, Director of International Institute for Muslim Unity (IIMU), IIUM.</p> <p>The conference aimed to explore the social conditions of women refugees living in Malaysia with a focus on their social status, living conditions, domestic violence, the impact of criminal activities in their environment, and lack of access to education for their children. It also aimed to promote academic excellence, cultivate future leaders in various disciplines within the realm of Islamic revealed knowledge and human sciences, and encourage high-quality research, scholarship, and academic work in specific areas.</p> <p>The conference brought together experts and professionals from different fields to share their perspectives on the social status of refugee women. It was attended by over 200 participants and its success was attributed to the efforts of the organizers and the dedication of the speakers and participants. Participants presented innovative ideas, findings, and insights that contributed to advancing knowledge in their fields.</p> <p>The call for this special issue, released in the first quota of the year 2023, triggered a number of conversations with a broad number of people about the topic and ultimately resulted in many submissions. Submissions covered a diverse range of topics and came from contributors mainly from AbdulHamid AbuSulayman Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences. The contributions that make up this special issue are as follows.</p> <p>First, Family empowerment and role transformation: Observations on the importance of religion. This paper is an examination of the concept of family empowerment and role transformation from an Islamic perspective, emphasising the need for integrated value-driven frameworks to address issues of family roles and empowerment. The authors, Abdelaziz Berghout and Ouahiba Saoud, believe that studies and research on family empowerment have increased in recent years, enshrining the discourse, and providing insights and solutions to the questions associated with family empowerment. They argue among other things that there are numerous efforts in the Islamic world to strengthen family empowerment. The article explains the main elements that comprise the Islamic perspective of family empowerment and the need for role transformation. The articles contends that Islam emphasises the importance of understanding the goals and roles of family as a social entity and agent entrusted with the mission of Istikhalf (vicegerency) and I‘mar (civilisation) on earth.</p> <p>Second, Crucial requirements for children’s empowerment: In this paper Kabuye Uthman Sulaiman sheds light on the important and mostly neglected role that parents play in raising their children, namely empowerment through character development, impartment of knowledge and skills. The key objective of this article is to enhance the understanding of the concept of empowerment of children from the Islamic perspective and the importance of character and values education in today’s society. The article is structured around six core sections describing the role of parents in children’s (1) virtues and character formation and development, (2) physical development, (3) emotional development, (4) mental development, (5) intellectual development, and lastly their role in preparing children for the realities of life and death. The focus of this paper is character formation and development. Character development and impartment of knowledge and skills are the three crucial and mandatory requirements for children’s empowerment. The paper outlines the ideas underlying character refinement or character education focusing on its meaning, aims, importance, and the role of parents, teachers, and community as character educators. It outlines some of the moral qualities of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) as the universal model of all virtues and goodness. This is qualitative research employing descriptive methods with literature review analysis. The primary sources of this paper comprise selected verses from the Qur’an and their exegesis (tafsir) and Hadith, both of which constitute the major source of guidance for Muslims. Its secondary sources consist of books, journals, and other materials. The main contention in this paper is that: first, knowledge, skills, and values or personality traits need to be combined for a thriving life; second, moral values are of paramount significance to peaceful coexistence and harmony in society. They are critical for sustainable living. Without them, there is no cohesion and solidarity among people. Hence, there is no civilization; third, learning is of little value and with no soul unless core ethical values are added to it. Hence, one of the aims of education is to graduate ethical individuals; fourth, the development of character in children is not just the responsibility of parents and schools, it is also the responsibility of those who come into contact with them; last but not least, character education should be included as a core component of schools’ curriculum.</p> <p>Third, A Critical Analysis of Bent-Rib Metaphor Ḥadīth: Embracing Women's Uniqueness and Empowerment. The authors, Nurul Jannah Zainan Nazri, Nurul Mukminah and Mohd Arif assert that the Bent-Rib Metaphor ḥadīth can be interpreted as a symbol of diversity, complexity, and complementarity between genders, rather than justifying women's subordination. By promoting a more nuanced understanding of the ḥadīth, this study advocates for a broader role for women in religious, social, economic, and political spheres.</p> <p>Fourth, A critical need for breastmilk collection centres for high-risk premature babies: In this paper Zainol Abidin and Wan Mazwati write that premature babies are very vulnerable and exposed to various life-threatening diseases. According to the report of World Health Organization, they quote, many premature babies are saved from morbidity and mortality when they are fed with breastmilk starting from within the first hour after their birth. They believe that: firstly, the rate of premature birth in Malaysia has increased exponentially since 2018. Therefore, hospitals should have enough supplies of breastmilk to save the lives of the precious premature babies. Secondly, only one hospital in Malaysia provides supplies of breastmilk on demand. Hence, the study argues for the establishment of breastmilk collection centre. It examines the concept of maqā<em>ṣ</em>id al-s<em>harīʿah </em>to justify the proposal for the establishment of breastmilk collection centres in hospitals throughout Malaysia to save the lives, intellects, and progenies of the at-risk premature babies.</p> <p>Fifth, Empowering Mothers Against a Malaysian Societal Convention: An Islamic Perspective: In this paper Nur Jannah Hassan believes thar: firstly, having greater women participations in the workforce potentially enhances the country’s prospects for growth; secondly, various agencies work towards increasing women’s participations in the labour force; thirdly, women’s contribution to the family’s and the nation’s income is significant. However, it is observed that the race to get women to ‘roll-up their sleeves’ economically is not without worrying downside trends, even at the current rate of only 55.5% of Malaysian women in the labour force. The paper deliberates on how this affects individuals’ and families’ well-beings, thus putting constrains on the family, society and the Nation at large. The paper draws guidance from the Qur’an and Prophetic traditions to propose a more realistic and well-balanced approach to empowerment of mothers. According to Nur Jannah, the demand to get women’s economic participation towards National growth is real. However, this should not endanger and threaten personal, familial, and societal holistic well beings. She adds, the role of motherhood, especially early motherhood must be included in the equation. Thus, the necessity to empower women.</p> <p>Sixth, Women Empowerment from Quranic perspective. The authors, Radwan Jamal, Rahmawati, and Ziyad Alhaq highlight present-day scenario of problems faced by women in education, social status, in job market, domestic violence, sexual assault etc. and presented a balanced Qur’anic approach to empower women.</p> <p>Seventh, Empowering Thinking and Moral Formation in Muslim Women Through the Philosophical Inquiry (PI) Approach: The authors of this paper, namely Norillah Abdullah and Mohamed Abdelmagid believe that much of what has been said about the social problems involving Muslim women in Malaysia is due to the lack of thinking skills and religious understanding. For this reason, this study is an attempt to highlight the PI method which integrates the Socratic questioning approach to help address the issue and lead to moral formation. This, according to them, would allow women to explore their thoughts and generate rational ideas and choices to achieve understanding and sound judgments (hikmah) and finally empower them in executing their roles and tasks. </p> <p>Eighth, The Role of Faith (<em>Iman</em>) in Women Empowerment: While the role of women in any development is undeniably very essential, the author of this paper Abdul Latif believes that there are women who are being side-lined; their role is being marginalized and consequently, they are being denied their rights. The purpose of his paper is to elaborate on the role of <em>Iman</em> in women empowerment. Abdul Latif describes a good believer as the one who upholds all the three integrated conditions that make the person strong and tranquil, namely profession by the tongue, conviction by heart and practice by limbs. He contends that true belief in Allah is the solution to many of the problems faced by women today.</p> <p>Ninth, The Role of Women in Achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in Islam. Rownok Jahan and co-authors analyzed the role of women in achieving sustainable development goals according to Islam. The Islamic approach emphasizes a balanced realization of human rights, consumer welfare, social justice, ecological balance, and economic progress. Achieving these aims is not possible without the active involvement of women.</p> <p>Tenth, The Moral-sexual Empowerment of Women and Children in Hadith Literature: In this paper, Bachar Bakour describes sex as a human innate disposition and a basic need for the survival of the human race, and marriage as the primary appropriate avenue for satisfying sexual desire and living a moral and peaceful life. This article aims to briefly delineate the salient features of women and child sexual empowerment within the specific epistemic and cultural soil of Islamic tradition.</p> <p>Eleventh, A Close Study on Domestic Violence Against Women: Islamic Perspectives and Remedies: The authors of this paper, Maulana Akbar Shah @ U Tun Aung and Phoo Pwint Thu Aung, define women empowerment as: firstly, the process of giving women the power to take control of their lives, rights, and decision-making; secondly, the creation of a society where women are treated equally, with respect, and have access to the same opportunities as men. This, in their view, involves promoting women’s education, encouraging their participation in politics and breaking down gender stereotypes.</p> <p>Twelfth, Women’s Empowerment and Participation in Islamic Financial Planning Diversity, Equity and Inclusion: Evidence from Maqasid al-Shariah. Its authors Mohammad Habibullah, Rusni Hassan, and Nor Razinah Mohd Zain assert that it is imperative to consider the role played by women in the financial sector and their contribution to economic progress. Using an experiment, this study examined the relationship between confidence, gender, and race in relation to dealing with a financial planner among various groups and races with color and creed. The study demonstrates how women plan financially for retirement based on psychological concepts and sociodemographic variables, highlighting the importance of financial management and planning for women.</p> <p>Thirteenth, Muslim Women in Politics: Does it Align With Shari‘ah Parameters? In this paper Ahmad Akram Mahmad Robbi, Saidatolakma Mohd Yunus and Mohamad Faiq Mohamad Sharin examine the views of Muslim scholars regarding women's political participation. They opine that political participation is essential for women empowerment.</p> <p>Fourteenth, Empowerment and Faith: Unraveling the HUI Women’s Mosques in China: In this paper Mai Jianjun describes the Hui Muslims as the largest Muslim minority group in China and their mosques as a very unique phenomenon within the broader Muslim world. They (mosques) stand as a testament of the remarkable resilience of the Hui Muslims in preserving their Islamic faith and Muslim identity in a predominantly non-Muslim society heavily influenced by Confucian culture. Mai Jianjun argues that the previous studies on Hui women’s mosques left two crucial questions unanswered, i.e., why did Hui women’s mosque emerge exclusively in the eastern and central regions of China and not in northwestern region where the concentration of Hui Muslims’ population is higher? Why was this phenomenon limited to the Hui Muslim community and not observed among other Muslim ethnic groups in China? This study employs historical, analytical and contexture analysis approaches to accomplish three research objectives. Firstly, it aims to re-examine the historical background of the Hui Muslims and the emergence of Hui women's mosques during the Ming and Qing dynasties within this particular ethnic group. Secondly, the study seeks to address the aforementioned questions and reidentify the possible causes for the emergence of the Hui women’s mosques in specific regions in China. Thirdly, the study intends to provide an Islamic perspective to illuminate the unique phenomenon of Hui women's mosques in China.</p> <p>Fifteenth, <em>Qadaya al-Mar’ah wa Anwa`uha fi daw’ al-Sunnah al-Nabawiyyah</em>. Its author, Saad Eldin, sheds lights on various topics related to women's issues and their types, such as women's rights, sermons, the hadith concerning the deficiency of intellect and religion, and other issues related to women's rights in general. It also addresses the issue of the mahram (forbidden relationships) for women.</p> <p>Sixteenth, <em>Dawr al-Mar’ah fi al-Marwiyyat al-Hadithiyyah: Mafahimuha wa Masaqatuha</em>. Ahmed Elmogtaba in this article deals with the efforts of women in the narration of Hadiths, with a focus on the six major Hadith collections and the topics related to their narrations. It was found that the narrations of female scholars contributed to various areas of jurisprudence in general, and family laws in particular.</p> <p>The above observations and discussions are intended to prompt critical reflection on the current state of women and children and prompt researchers to consider areas where future research is needed.</p> <p><strong>Editorial Team</strong></p> <ol> <li>Associate Professor Dr. Kabuye Uthman Sulaiman, HOD, FIDS, AHAS KIRKHS, IIUM</li> <li>Associate Professor Dr. Maulana Akbar Shah @ U Tun Aung</li> </ol> <p>December 5, 2023</p> 2023-12-10T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2023 IIUM Press https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-burhan/index.php/al-burhan/article/view/313 Family Empowerment and Role Transformation: Observations on the Importance of Religion 2024-02-08T15:41:10+08:00 Abdelaziz Berghout berghout@iium.edu.my Ouahiba Saoudi ouahibasa@gmail.com <p>This article examines the concept of family empowerment and role transformation from an Islamic perspective, emphasising the need for integrated value-driven frameworks to address issues of family roles and empowerment. The literature on the subject reveals that studies and research on family empowerment have increased in recent years, enshrining the discourse, and providing insights and solutions to the questions associated with family empowerment. There are numerous efforts in the Islamic world to strengthen family empowerment within the Islamic worldview and cultural context. The article goes on to explain the main elements that comprise the Islamic perspective of family empowerment, as well as how role transformation is required if we are to advance the cause of empowerment. The article concluded that Islam emphasises the importance of understanding the goals and roles of family as a social entity and agent entrusted with the mission of Istikhalf (vicegerency) and I'mar (civilisation) on earth. This implies a more complex articulation of family roles, one that connects them to the higher goals of Islam on the one hand and to human and family well-being on the other.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2023-12-10T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2023 IIUM Press https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-burhan/index.php/al-burhan/article/view/316 Crucial Requirements for Children's Empowerment 2024-02-08T15:41:07+08:00 Kabuye Uthman Sulaiman kabuye@iium.edu.my <p>This paper sheds light on the important and mostly neglected role that parents play in raising their children, namely empowerment through character development, impartment of knowledge and skills. The key objective of this paper is to enhance the understanding of the concept of empowerment of children from the Islamic perspective and the importance of character and values education in today’s society. The paper is structured around six core sections describing the role of parents in children’s (1) virtues and character formation and development, (2) physical development, (3) emotional development, (4) mental development, (5) intellectual development, and lastly their role in preparing children for the realities of life and death. The focus of this paper is character formation and development. Character development and impartment of knowledge and skills are the three crucial and mandatory requirements for children’s empowerment. The paper outlines the ideas underlying character refinement or character education focusing on its meaning, aims, importance, and the role of parents, teachers, and community as character educators. It outlines some of the moral qualities of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) as the universal model of all virtues and goodness. This is qualitative research employing descriptive methods with literature review analysis. The primary sources of this paper comprise selected verses from the Qur’an and their exegesis (<em>tafsir</em>) and Hadith, both of which constitute the major source of guidance for Muslims. Its secondary sources consist of books, journals, and other materials. The English translation of the selected verses is based on Abdullah Yusuf Ali’s <em>The Meaning of the Holy Qur’an</em> and <em>The Qur’an: Arabic Text with Corresponding English Meanings</em> by Saheeh International because of their simplistic and comprehensive language. Due to the multidimensional use of words in the Arabic language, it is difficult to translate them into one specific word, therefore, we have retained the Arabic concepts but given some of their meanings in the brackets. Our main contention in this paper is that: first, knowledge, skills, and values or personality traits need to be combined for a thriving life; second, moral values are of paramount significance to peaceful coexistence and harmony in society. They are critical for sustainable living. Without them, there is no cohesion and solidarity among people. Hence, there is no civilization; third, learning is of little value and with no soul unless core ethical values are added to it. Hence, one of the aims of education is to graduate ethical individuals; fourth, the development of character in children is not just the responsibility of parents and schools, it is also the responsibility of those who come into contact with them; last but not least, character education should be included as a core component of schools’ curriculum.</p> 2023-12-10T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2023 IIUM Press https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-burhan/index.php/al-burhan/article/view/317 A Critical Analysis of Bent-Rib Metaphor Ḥadīth: Embracing Women's Uniqueness and Empowerment 2024-02-08T15:41:04+08:00 Nurul Jannah Zainan Nazri jannahnazri@iium.edu.my Nurul Mukminah Zainan Nazri Zainan Nazri nurulmukminah@usim.edu.my Mohd Arif Nazri mohdarif@ukm.edu.my <p>The Bent-Rib Metaphor <em>ḥ</em><em>ad</em><em>ī</em><em>th </em>has long been a subject of interpretation and debate. This critical analysis explores the multifaceted dimensions of this <em>ḥadīth</em>, shedding light on its linguistic nuances and the broader implications for women's uniqueness and empowerment within the framework of Islam. The <em>ḥadīth</em>, which likens women to a bent rib, is often cited to justify traditional gender roles and hierarchies within Muslim societies. However, this study delves into the historical context, and original Arabic text, dissecting the intricacies of the metaphor and its intended message. It highlights the importance of contextual analysis in interpreting religious texts, challenging the simplistic readings that have often perpetuated patriarchal interpretations. Furthermore, this analysis emphasizes the need to recognize and celebrate the uniqueness of women within Islamic teachings. It argues that the Bent-Rib Metaphor <em>ḥadīth</em> can be interpreted as a symbol of diversity, complexity, and complementarity between genders, rather than justifying women's subordination. By promoting a more nuanced understanding of the <em>ḥadīth</em>, this study advocates for a broader role for women in religious, social, economic, and political spheres. The empowerment of women in Islamic societies is a central theme of this analysis, emphasizing that embracing the diversity and potential of women can lead to a more equitable and just society by Islamic principles. In conclusion, this critical examination of the Bent-Rib Metaphor <em>ḥadīth</em> offers a fresh perspective on women's roles and rights within Islam and serves as a foundation for fostering a more inclusive interpretation of Islamic teachings.</p> 2023-12-10T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2023 IIUM Press https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-burhan/index.php/al-burhan/article/view/310 A Critical Need For Breastmilk Collection Centres For High-risk Premature Babies 2024-02-10T19:10:22+08:00 Wan Mazwati Wan Yusoff wanmazwati@iium.edu.my Mashitah Zainol Abidin miss_michi@yahoo.com <p>Premature babies are very vulnerable and exposed to various life-threatening diseases. World Health Organization reported that many premature babies were saved from morbidity and mortality when they were fed with breastmilk starting from within the first hour after their birth. The rate of premature birth in Malaysia has increased exponentially since 2018—more than 20 percent premature births. Therefore, hospitals should have enough supplies of breastmilk to save the lives of the precious premature babies. However, only one hospital in Malaysia provides supplies of breastmilk on demand. This study employed philosophical method to argue for the establishment of breastmilk collection centre. It examined the concept of maqāṣid al-sharīʿah to justify the proposal of the establishment of breastmilk collection centres in hospitals throughout Malaysia to save the lives, intellects, and progenies of the at-risk premature babies. The primary issues resulting from breastmilk sharing according to Islamic perspective were examined and practical steps were proposed to rectify them. The steps involved obtaining signed consent from wet nurse and her husband; screening of wet nurse’s health and personality characteristics; screening of the breastmilk by the milk collection centre; obtaining signed consent from the premature baby’s parents; feeding breastmilk to the premature baby with the consent of witnesses; meeting between wet nurse and her family and the baby’s parents and family; and completing wet nursing document to be given to the newly formed milk kinship family.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> 2023-12-10T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2023 IIUM Press https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-burhan/index.php/al-burhan/article/view/324 Empowering Mothers Against A Malaysian Societal Convention: An Islamic Perspective 2024-02-08T15:44:47+08:00 Nur Jannah Hassan njhassan@iium.edu.my <p>A significant way-forward to Malaysia’s development is to increase economic opportunities for women. Having greater women participations in the workforce potentially enhances the country’s prospects for growth. Various agencies work towards increasing women’s participations in the labour force. Malaysian society has also grown to expect that women ‘work’ to contribute to the family’s economy, and to the nation’s—the belief that has somewhat become a convention. However, it is observed that the race to get women to ‘roll-up her sleeves’ economically, is not without worrying downside trends, even at the current rate of only 55.5% of Malaysian women in the labour force. Are we overlooking an important and crucial factor in the equation for Nation-building? <strong>Material and Methods. </strong>This paper attempts to examine the fundamental aspects of motherhood, especially early motherhood, as an important and crucial factor that is under-emphasized.&nbsp; The paper will also deliberate on how the above has affected individuals’ and families’ well-beings, thus putting constrains and conflicts in the family, society, and the Nation at large. The paper employs analyses of relevant news and journal articles, observations of day-to-day realities and social media feeds to discover the situation at hand. Finally, it draws guidance from references in the Qur’an and Prophetic tradition to propose a more realistic, well-balanced approach. <strong>Conclusion. </strong>The demand to get women’s economic participation towards National growth is real. However, this must be in such ways as to <em>not</em> endanger and threaten personal, familial, and societal holistic well beings. The roles of motherhood, especially early motherhood <em>must </em>be included in the equation. Thus, the necessity to empower women to reconsider their priorities—be it against societal convention. Afterall, Nation-building requires far more than economic prosperity.</p> 2023-12-10T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2023 IIUM Press https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-burhan/index.php/al-burhan/article/view/291 Women Empowerment from Quranic perspective 2024-02-10T19:10:35+08:00 Radwan Jamal Elatrash radwan@iium.edu.my Sri Tuti Rahmawati rahmawati@gmail.com Ziyad Alhaq Ziyad.ulhaq@iiq.ac.id <p>Despite the teachings of Islam that advocate for women's rights and empowerment, a substantial disparity persists between the ideal principles and the actual conditions in numerous Muslim communities. Women in many Muslim-majority nations encounter diverse challenges hindering their empowerment and complete societal involvement. Key factors contributing to the predicament of women's empowerment in Islam encompass patriarchal attitudes and cultural norms that confine women's roles and opportunities, as well as limited access to education and training, restricting their active participation in economic and political spheres. Present-day concerns include workplace discrimination and bias against women, encompassing unequal pay and limited advancement opportunities. Additionally, insufficient access to healthcare, education, societal engagement, and reproductive rights adversely affect women's health and well-being. Gender-based violence and harassment, encompassing domestic violence, sexual assault, and trafficking, exacerbate these challenges. Legal inadequacies in protecting and enforcing women's rights regarding marriage, divorce, inheritance, and property ownership further compound the issue. Misinterpretation and misapplication of religious teachings contribute to harmful practices such as forced marriage and female genital mutilation. Addressing these challenges necessitates targeted interventions and policy changes to dismantle significant barriers to women's empowerment in Muslim communities. The researcher employed an inductive approach, tracing research components from exegetical, hadith, and jurisprudential books to derive general rulings. Subsequently, an analytical method was utilized to categorize and discuss scientific material, yielding specific rulings about the subject. The research reached certain significant results, emphasizing the promotion of women's rights, equality, and comprehensive societal participation to foster just and equitable societies. A focus on women's rights to education, societal engagement, economic independence, fair treatment in marriage, and protection from violence and discrimination is crucial. Quranic teachings offer valuable guidance for Muslims to contribute to women's empowerment in their societies actively.</p> 2023-12-10T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2023 IIUM Press https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-burhan/index.php/al-burhan/article/view/311 Empowering Thinking and Moral Formation in Muslim Women Through the Philosophical Inquiry (PI) Approach 2024-02-10T19:10:17+08:00 Norillah Abdullah norillah@iium.edu.my Mohamed Abdelmagid mohdmagid@iium.edu.my <p><em>Philosophical inquiry</em><em>&nbsp;</em><em>(PI) </em><em>is one of the approaches educators employ to help develop thinking skills and moral education among students so that they can understand their goal</em><em>s</em><em>&nbsp;and the purpose of life in this world. Meanwhile, much has been said about </em><em>the social </em><em>problems involving Muslim women in Malaysia</em><em>&nbsp;which are due to the lack of thinking skills and religious understanding</em><em>.</em><em>&nbsp;</em><em>For this reason, this study attempts to highlight the </em><em>PI method</em><em>&nbsp;which integrates the Socratic questioning </em><em>approach</em><em>&nbsp;to help address the issue and lead to moral formation. This would allow women to explore their thoughts and generate rational ideas and choices to achieve understanding and sound judgments (hikmah) and </em><em>finally empower them in executing </em><em>their roles</em><em>&nbsp;</em><em>and tasks as </em><em>Muslimah who hold the responsibility as </em><em>daughters</em><em>&nbsp;and</em><em>&nbsp;sister</em><em>s who will be future </em><em>wives</em><em>&nbsp;and</em><em>&nbsp;mothers in the society, and carry out their Amanah as the Khalifah of Allah in this world.</em></p> 2023-12-10T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2023 IIUM Press https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-burhan/index.php/al-burhan/article/view/326 The Role of Faith (Iman) in Women Empowerment 2024-02-08T15:44:34+08:00 Abdul Latif Abdul Razak al_nuha@iium.edu.my <p>Undeniably, the roles of women in any development are very essential.&nbsp; However, there are women who are being side-lined.&nbsp; Their roles are being marginalized and even worse when they are being denied their rights. Indeed, women have rights to the elevation of their common sense, self-worthiness, determination of their own choices, and the right to social change for themselves and others.&nbsp; To achieve that objective, there many tools that can be used in which one of them are spiritual in nature, i.e., faith (<em>Iman</em>), a strong belief in Almighty Allah.&nbsp; It is not merely a vain wish but it is that which is established in the Heart and verified with works. It has three integrated aspects, namely profession by the tongue, conviction by Heart and practice by physicals.&nbsp; A good believer is the one who upholds all the three integrated conditions that make the person strong and tranquil.&nbsp; The true belief in Allah is able to raise women above all their living problems.&nbsp;&nbsp; This writing will elaborate in detail on the what, why and how <em>Iman</em> is essential in women empowerment.</p> 2023-12-10T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2023 IIUM Press https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-burhan/index.php/al-burhan/article/view/329 The Role of Women in Achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) In Islam: An Analysis of Gender Equality and Women Empowerment in the Modern World. 2024-02-08T15:35:18+08:00 Rownok Jahan rinasumon27@gmail.com Akram Uddin ausumon280@gmail.com Noor Mohammad Osmani abusajid@iium.edu.my Kabuye Uthman Sulaiman kabuye@iium.edu.my <p>This study will investigate the role of women in achieving sustainable development goals (SDGs) in Islam, especially gender equality and women empowerment in the modern world. The source and method of data collection and analysis will be based on the qualitative approach, which involves textual analysis, and data will be collected from books and journal articles. To reach the goals of this research, we will examine how women contribute to achieving sustainable development goals in line with Islamic principles. The Islamic approach is crucial for reaching these goals as it emphasizes a balanced realization of human rights, consumer welfare, social justice, ecological balance, and economic progress. Achieving these aims is not possible without the active involvement of women. The study will also investigate gender equality issues related to sustainable development goals, exploring the scientific approach Islam provides to women's rights and roles in various sectors like social, economic, political, religious, and educational domains. Islam grants them an independent identity and provides their inheritance rights, marriage, and participation in developing sectors. Overall, this research will evaluate the role of women in achieving sustainable development goals (SDGs), which are focused on gender equality and women empowerment based on Islam.</p> 2023-12-10T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2023 IIUM Press https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-burhan/index.php/al-burhan/article/view/312 The Moral-sexual Empowerment of Women and Children in Hadith Literature 2024-02-10T19:10:12+08:00 Bachar Bakour bashar@iium.edu.my <p>Sex, a human innate disposition, is a basic need for the survival of the human race. Islam, which acknowledges this intrinsic need, sets up the institution of marriage as the primary appropriate avenue for satisfying this desire and living a moral and peaceful life.</p> <p>In marriage, two souls are united together so that they may enjoy tranquillity and stability with sincere love, mercy, and harmony. The teachings of Islam present a picture of gender equality. Integral to this policy of egalitarianism is to empower women at different societal levels, including generating awareness of sexual rights and duties, the lawful as well as the prohibited. This study briefly delineates the salient features of women and child sexual empowerment within the specific epistemic and cultural soil of Islamic tradition. The selected collections of hadith reports are taken from&nbsp; <em>J</em><em>a</em><em>mi‘ al-Usoul fi Ah</em><em>a</em><em>dith al-Rasoul</em> by Ibn al-Athīr. The linchpin of Islamic sexual empowerment is to staunchly advocate decency and maintain morality in the relationship between the two sexes in private and in public.</p> 2023-12-10T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2023 IIUM Press https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-burhan/index.php/al-burhan/article/view/319 A Close Study on Domestic Violence Against Women: Islamic Perspectives and Remedies 2024-02-08T15:41:01+08:00 Maulana Akbar Shah @ Aung dr.maulana007@gmail.com Phoo Pwint Thu Aung ( Afreen Shah) Aung Phoopwint.ta@gmail.com <p>Women empowerment refers to the process of giving women the power to take control of their lives, rights, and decision-making. It is about creating a society where women are treated equally, with respect, and have access to the same opportunities as men. It involves promoting women's education, encouraging their participation in politics, and breaking down gender stereotypes. However, prevailing information of domestic violence against women is rampant in many places around the world. Domestic violence is a form of abuse that can occur in any intimate relationship. It can take many forms, including physical, emotional, sexual, and financial abuse. It is crucial to protect individuals from domestic violence, especially women, who are most often the victims of this type of abuse. Islam recognizes the rights of women and emphasizes their equality with men. Women have the right to own property, inherit, and engage in business. The religion also promotes modesty and respect for women, including the obligation to protect them from harm. As well as Islam addresses domestic violence through teachings of respect, communication, patience, and consent between spouses. It prohibits harm, emphasizes gender equality, and encourages seeking guidance from knowledgeable sources and family support. By promoting these principles, Islam aims to prevent domestic violence, foster healthy relationships, and ensure the well-being and dignity of all family members. The United Nations has recognized the severity of this issue and has implemented various initiatives to combat domestic violence. We must all work together to ensure that everyone is safe and free from abuse in their own homes. Their motto for this effort is "Women's Rights are Human Rights," which was famously declared by Hillary Clinton during her speech at the 1995 United Nations Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, China. The UN has since adopted this statement as a guiding principle for their gender equality and women's empowerment efforts worldwide. It is essential to emphasize the role of education and communication in protecting women from domestic violence. By educating individuals on what constitutes abuse and how to recognize the signs, we can empower them to take action and seek help. Additionally, open and honest communication between partners can prevent misunderstandings and potential conflicts that may escalate into violence. We must continue to prioritize education and communication as solutions to combat domestic violence and ensure the safety and well-being of all individuals, particularly women. The qualitative research methodology is applied in this research and the article will be published in an index journal at the earliest.&nbsp;</p> 2023-12-10T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2023 IIUM Press https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-burhan/index.php/al-burhan/article/view/308 Women's Empowerment and Participation in Islamic Financial Planning Diversity, Equity and Inclusion: Evidence from Maqasid al-Shari`ah 2024-02-10T19:10:25+08:00 Mohammad Habibullah habibullah@iium.edu.my Rusni Hassan hrusni@iium.edu.my Nor Razinah Mohd Zain mumtaz_razi@iium.edu.my <p>The study places a strong emphasis on women’s empowerment, given the quick changes in society that are occurring right now. Many women are pursuing various sorts of employment, including self-employment, in this era of economic liberalization and women's empowerment. However, this study aims to investigate the connection between Islam and women's empowerment by examining <em>Maqasid al-Shari'ah</em> perspectives on this matter. To have a thorough understanding of Islam and women's empowerment, it is imperative to consider the role played by women in the financial sector and their contribution to economic progress. Using an experiment, this study examined the relationship between confidence, gender, and race in dealing with a financial planner among various groups and races with colour and creed. The study's implications are significant for comprehending the obstacles and chances that under-represented groups encounter in pursuing financial planning success. The alignment of industry measures to raise the proportion of women and persons from varied backgrounds in the financial services sector led to the focus of this study on women and diversity. This essay examines the primary factors influencing diversity and the place of women in various financial management, CSR, and external corporate governance roles. This research also focuses on women's leadership and social diversity, focusing on female managers committed to fostering and maintaining equity and diversity inside their organizations. This study demonstrates how women plan financially for retirement based on psychological concepts and sociodemographic variables, highlighting the importance of financial management and planning for women. It showed a strong correlation between the investor's choice of investments and the strong relationship between the women's decision-making processes on the mental and financial levels. To assess the core idea of <em>Maqasid al-Shari’ah</em> from primary and secondary Islamic knowledge sources, which serves as a model for women's empowerment, and to pinpoint the obstacles to women's empowerment and participation in Islamic financial planning in terms of diversity, equity, and inclusion, this study employs the qualitative method.</p> 2023-12-10T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2023 IIUM Press https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-burhan/index.php/al-burhan/article/view/322 Muslim Women in Politics 2024-02-08T15:44:50+08:00 Ahmad Akram Mahmad Robbi akramrobbi@iium.edu.my Saidatolakma Mohd Yunus akmayunus@iium.edu.my Mohamad Faiq Mohamad Sharin faiqsharin96@gmail.com <p>This study aims to identify the practice of Muslim women in politics according to Shari‘ah principles and Malaysian perspective on their involvement as this country has adopted democracy which allows women to get involved in politics. Generally, there are at least two opinions found in the literature where there are scholars who have decisively opposed women from positioning themselves in politics i.e: head of a state and others permit their grant for women to involve in politics. This study is applying the qualitative methodology in which the authors tend to get information directly from the primary sources as well as the secondary booked by both traditional and modern scholars related to the field of this study. All the information gathered in the books does seem important to the authors as it denotes the idea of the topic clearly from the illustrated interpretations. As a result, the authors find that there is no harm for Muslim women to involve in the political area. Despite the permission, Malaysia still struggling to empowering women’s will as noted in National Women’s Policy Malaysia which to provide encouragement for women’s involvement in politics by targeting 30 percent of their involvement.</p> <p>Keywords: Women, politics, shari‘ah, Malaysia, involvement.</p> 2023-12-10T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2023 IIUM Press https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-burhan/index.php/al-burhan/article/view/325 Empowerment and Faith: Unraveling The HUI Women's Mosques in China 2024-02-08T15:44:38+08:00 Jianjun Mai maijianjun@iium.edu.my <p>The Hui Muslims constitute the largest Muslim minority group in China. The Hui women’s mosques in China are a very unique phenomenon within the broader Muslim world. Emerging within a specific historical context, the Hui women’s mosques stand as a testament to the remarkable resilience of the Hui Muslims in preserving their Islamic faith and Muslim identity in a predominantly non-Muslim society heavily influenced by Confucian culture. The previous studies on Hui women’s mosques left two crucial questions unanswered: Why did Hui women’s mosques emerge exclusively in the eastern and central regions of China, and not in northwestern regions where the concentration of Hui Muslims’ population is higher? Why was this phenomenon limited to the Hui Muslim community and not observed among other Muslim ethnic groups in China? This study employs historical, analytical and context analysis approaches to accomplish three research objectives. Firstly, it aims to re-examine the historical background of the Hui Muslims and the emergence of Hui women's mosques during the Ming and Qing dynasties within this particular ethnic group. Secondly, the study seeks to address the aforementioned questions and reidentify the possible causes for the emergence of the Hui women’s mosques in specific regions in China. Thirdly, the study intends to provide an Islamic perspective to illuminate the unique phenomenon of Hui women's mosques in China.</p> 2023-12-10T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2023 IIUM Press https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-burhan/index.php/al-burhan/article/view/306 قضايا المرأة وأنواعها في ضوء السنة النبوية دراسة تحليلية 2023-09-21T16:21:25+08:00 Saad Eldin Mansour eldin@iium.edu.my <p>This research is entitled "Women's Issues and Their Types in Light of the Prophetic Tradition: An Analytical Study," which sheds light on contemporary Muslim society. The aim is to understand and apply the guidance of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ regarding these issues. The study covers various topics related to women's issues and their types, such as women's rights, sermons, the hadith concerning the deficiency of intellect and religion, and other issues related to women's rights in general. It also addresses the issue of the <em>mahram</em> (forbidden relationships) for women. These important issues concern the Muslim community and are beneficial for those who are knowledgeable about them. The research adopts an inductive and analytical approach. It concludes with important findings.</p> 2023-12-10T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2023 IIUM Press https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-burhan/index.php/al-burhan/article/view/331 دور المرأة في المرويات الحديثية مفاهيمها ومساقاتها 2024-02-08T15:32:52+08:00 Ahmed El-Mogtaba Bannga elmogtaba@iium.edu.my <p>The research revolves around the efforts of women in the service of Hadith (Prophetic traditions). They played an active role in the narration of Hadiths, with a focus on enumerating the female narrators in the six major Hadith collections and the topics related to their narrations. It was found that the category of female companions who narrated Hadiths was the most active in the field of Hadith narration. Among them were the Mothers of the Believers, with Aisha leading in Hadith narration. The narrations of female scholars contributed to various areas of jurisprudence in general, and family laws in particular. During the era of the Tabi'at (successors to the companions), female scholars also played an active role in Hadith narration, and their acceptance generally prevailed. Among them were reliable figures who contributed significantly to the field of Prophetic traditions in terms of understanding, performance, explanation, and criticism. An example is Hafsah bint Sirin. Their narrations were predominantly found in the Sunan collections rather than the Sahih collections. The research followed an inductive approach by gathering scientific material about the narrations of female scholars in the six major Hadith collections, relying on biographical dictionaries and Hadith books. Subsequently, an analytical approach was employed to understand the concept, dimensions, and scope of their narrations in the six major collections, with clear examples provided. This is the problem the research seeks to analyze and benefit from</p> <p>However, most female narrators from the female followers fall into one of two categories: ignorance or acceptance. No weak or abandoned hadith with a female narrator was found during this research. The research followed an inductive approach by collecting scientific material about the narrations in the six books, from biographies and hadith books, and then the analytical approach to find out the concept, dimensions, and paths of their narrations in the six books giving an unambiguous example. As a result, this is the issue that the study aims to examine and tackle.</p> 2023-12-10T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2023 IIUM Press