The Scientific View of the Holy Qurʾān
Keywords:scientific inquiry, motivation, normative and descriptive knowledge, , ethical norms, the natural phenomena.
Abstract: This article investigates the Qur’anic approach on knowledge inquiry which emphasizes both the rational and empirical methods. It presents the various techniques adopted by the holy Qur´an to inculcate research interest and promote the scientific enterprise, such as inspiration and systemization of inquiry. Mankind needs to understand the world and explain its natural processes and historical events for various purposes. Human talent has been adopting various approaches to achieve this important goal, but it was unsuccessful in many cases. The foundation of modern science is grounded on the theory that observation and experimentation are the most reliable methods to uncover the truth of the world. Philosophers, however, emphasize the rational approach. They hold that the truth may manifest itself and it may be uncovered by means of investigation and removing the veil which may not be an easy task. However, once truth stands revealed before human intellect it has the power to see it and distinguish it from falsehood. It is the hypothesis of this article that the Qur’ānic approach on the natural and human phenomena plays an important role in integrating and synergizing the above two approaches. This claim is based on many factors, including the fact that the holy Qur´Én integrates different approaches with rational and empirical qualities to invite human attention for investigation. The holy Qur`an also, provides the epistemological and metaphysical principles that are useful for both methods of inquiry.
Ansari, Muhammad Fazlur Rahman (2001), The Qurʾānic Foundations and Structure of Muslim Society. (Islamic Book Trust –Kuala Lumpur)
Ali Unal (ed), (1998), The Islamic Perspectives on Science (Azmir: Kayank).
Azad, Mawlana Abul Kalam (2003), Basic Concept of the Qurʾān (edited by Syed Abdul Latif), Islamic Book Trust, Kuala Lumpur.
Faruqi, Isma’l Raji, (1992), al-Tawḥīd: its Implication for Thought and Life, The International Institute of Islamic Thought, Virginia –USA
Fazlur Rahman, (1999), Major Themes of the Qurʾān, Islamic Book Trust, Kuala Lumpur.
Golshni, Mehdi, (1997), From Physic to Metaphysic, Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies, Tehran- Iran.
Golshni, Mehdi, (1997), Does Science offer Evidence of a Transcendental Reality and Purpose? (Islam and Science), June 2003, Volume (1), Number (1)
Ibn Khaldun, Abdul Rahman, Muqaddimah. (Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah- Beirut, Lebanon).
Izutsu, Toshihiko, (2004), Ethico-Religious Concepts in the Qurʾān, Islamic Book Trust, Kuala Lumpur-Malaysia.
Kirmani, M. Zaki, (2001) The Qurʾān and Future of Science, Global vision publication House, Delhi- India.
Maurice Bucaille (2003), Bible, Qurʾān and science: the Holy Scriptures Examined in the Light of Modern Knowledge. Thinker’s Library SDN.BHD. (Kuala Lumpur)
Maslow, H, Abraham, A theory of Human motivation. Originally published in Psychological Review, 50, 370-396, in 1943, http://www.altruists.org/f62
Popper, Karl R. (1989), Conjectures and Refutations: the Growth of Scientific Knowledge. (Routledge- London and New York)
Al-Shatibi, Abu Ishaq Ibrahim bin Musa (2004), al-Muwāfaqāt Fī Uṣūl al-Sharīʿah. Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah (Beirut –Lebanon).
Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy (London and New York -1998)
How to Cite
In general, reusing or reproducing substantial portions of al-Burhān content requires permission. This includes the use of text, figures, tables, multimedia content, and any other material published in any issues of al-Burhān Journal of Qur'an and Sunnah Studies. For some instances, al-Burhān may make its content freely viewable; however, such material may require permission for reuse. To seek permission, please contact the editorial.