The Psychological Aspects of Human Behaviour in the Qurʾān
Abstract: al-Qurʾān, the divine Book, is a Book for entire human kind. Human being is the subject matter and the main theme of the Qurʾān. Right from his birth, childhood, adolescence, youthhood and adulthood till his death and post death ages were manifested in the Qurʾān. While the Qurʾān clearly shows him the right course of actions and enlightened his behavior, humanity always get distracted and misguided from this straight path. His ego, pride, desire, self-worship, blind-following of his friends and family lead him always to destruction. Human being is a sophisticated yet supreme creature of Allah (SWT) with extraordinary abilities. The Qurʾanic dealing of human psychologies in many verses reveal the realities about human being’s true nature. It explains in clear term his true stand, status and behavior. The main purpose of this paper is to explore the Qurʾanic approach towards psychological aspects of human behavior from different angels by using inductive and analytical methods. Among the most significant findings of the paper is that the Qurʾān noted his natural instinct or Fitrah, that he was created with instinctively, which is based on Tawhid and submission to his Creator. The Qurʾān also recognized his acquired manner that he learns, adopts and adapts throughout his life cycle from his surroundings, friends, families and environments as a whole. Environmental and other external influences keep on modifying the blueprint of human behavior. Besides, it is also noted that Qurʾanic psychology is affiliated with Ruh or soul, which is the main guiding factor in human behavior; but this is absent in conventional psychology.
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