The Effects of Holy Quran Recitation on Physiological Stress Response in Mechanically Ventilated Intensive Care Unit Patients: A Pilot Study
Introduction: Mechanically ventilated intensive care unit (ICU) patients are exposed to stress due to the disease, intervention and surroundings. Pharmacological treatment is commonly used to reduce stress however it could give adverse effects. This study examined whether listening to Quranic recitation helps in reducing stress by observing the effects on vital signs, pain score, anxiety score and serum cortisol level. Methodology: Forty mechanically ventilated ICU patients of IIUM Medical Centre who fulfilled weaning criteria were randomised into Quran (n=7) and control groups (n=23). Patients in the Quran group received 30 minutes of uninterrupted bed rest while listening to Surah Al-Mulk via mp3 player followed by 30 minutes bed rest. For control group, 60 minutes of uninterrupted bed rest was allocated. APACHE score, SOFA score, pain score, anxiety score, serum procalcitonin and serum cortisol were taken before and after intervention. Heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), systolic (sBP) and diastolic (dBP) blood pressure were recorded at 5 minute intervals throughout the intervention period. Results: In the Quran group, vital signs showed decreasing trend from minute 0-30 but increased after minute 60. Both pain and anxiety scores in Quran group showed decreasing trend throughout 60 minutes. In control, the vital signs, pain and anxiety score are unchanged. Serum cortisol in both groups showed increasing trend after the intervention. Conclusion: This preliminary finding demonstrated the potential effects of listening to Quranic recitation in reducing physiological stress response in mechanically ventilated ICU patients. The small sample size may explain decreasing trends but non-statistically significant results.
How to Cite
All material submitted for publication is assumed to be submitted exclusively to the IIUM Medical Journal Malaysia (IMJM) unless the contrary is stated. Manuscript decisions are based on a double-blinded peer review process. The Editor retains the right to determine the style and if necessary, edit and shorten any material accepted for publication.
IMJM retain copyright to all the articles published in the journal. All final ‘proof’ submissions must be accompanied by a completed Copyright Assignment Form, duly signed by all authors. The author(s) or copyright owner(s) irrevocably grant(s) to any third party, in advance and in perpetuity, the right to use, reproduce or disseminate the research article in its entirety or in part, in any format or medium, provided that no substantive errors are introduced in the process, proper attribution of authorship and correct citation details are given, and that the bibliographic details are not changed. If the article is reproduced or disseminated in part, this must be clearly and unequivocally indicated.