Estimates of Glomerular Filtration Rate by the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration Equations Best Correlates with Kinetic Estimates of Glomerular Filtration Rates in the Critically Ill
Introduction: Kinetic estimate of GFR (keGFR) is a more accurate estimate of GFR in the acute settings with rapidly changing kidney functions. It takes into account the changes of creatinine over time, creatinine production rate, and the volume of distribution, however needs serial measurement of creatinine. We evaluated which methods of the conventional eGFR measurement best correlates with keGFR. This could assist clinicians in using a simpler method of calculation and is useful in the absence of serial plasma creatinine. Materials and method: This is a secondary analysis of prospective observational study. Inclusion criteria includes age more than 18 years old, and exclusion criteria includes ICU admission of less than 48 hours, post elective surgery, and ICU readmission. Plasma creatinine were measured daily for five days, and eGFR were calculated using the Cockcroft-Gault, MDRD, CKD-EPI and keGFR equations. Results: One hundred and forty three patients were analysed, of which 78(54.5%) had AKI. keGFR strongly correlated with eGFRCKD-EPI at all time points (all r≥0.90, p<0.0001). The correlation persisted in both AKI and No AKI patients. keGFR only correlated well with eGFRMDRD and eGFRCG in AKI patients but less in patients without AKI. Bland Altman analysis showed that eGFRMDRD had the least bias, but eGFRCKD-EPI had the greatest precision. Conclusion: The new equation, keGFR strongly correlated with the eGFR by the CKD-EPI equation regardless of the time points and AKI status, and had the greatest precision. In the absence of serial plasma creatinine measurement, eGFR can accurately be estimated by the CKD-EPI equation compared to others.
How to Cite
All material submitted for publication is assumed to be submitted exclusively to the IIUM Medical Journal Malaysia (IMJM) unless the contrary is stated. Manuscript decisions are based on a double-blinded peer review process. The Editor retains the right to determine the style and if necessary, edit and shorten any material accepted for publication.
IMJM retain copyright to all the articles published in the journal. All final ‘proof’ submissions must be accompanied by a completed Copyright Assignment Form, duly signed by all authors. The author(s) or copyright owner(s) irrevocably grant(s) to any third party, in advance and in perpetuity, the right to use, reproduce or disseminate the research article in its entirety or in part, in any format or medium, provided that no substantive errors are introduced in the process, proper attribution of authorship and correct citation details are given, and that the bibliographic details are not changed. If the article is reproduced or disseminated in part, this must be clearly and unequivocally indicated.