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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal. Failure to comply may result in immediate rejection.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Author Guidelines

1. Cover letter: Submission of all manuscripts should be accompanied with a cover letter by the corresponding author.

2. Language: Articles should be written in jargon-free English with sufficient but not excessive documentation. This is to ensure easy comprehension of the articles by readers from diverse disciplines.

3. Copyright: Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before; that it is not under consideration for publication anywhere else; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – at the institute where the work has been carried out. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation.

4. Length and Typing: Manuscripts (articles) should be approximately 5,000 to 7,000 words. Longer manuscripts will be considered only in exceptional circumstances. Book reviews and review essays are also welcomed. However, the overall length should not be more than 1,500 words. Submission of articles and book reviews should be typed in double spacing (including notes and references).

5. Abstract: Articles must be accompanied by an abstract of up to 250 words and a list of five to eight keywords. The abstract should outline the scope, hypothesis or rationale, major findings, novelty and the conclusion of the manuscript. If it is a ‘review’ manuscript, author(s) may not strictly follow the suggested outline.

6. Title Page: The title page should highlight title of article, author(s) names, affiliations and contact details (including email addresses). If there are multiple authors, kindly indicate clearly the corresponding author’s details. The title page should also include a short bibliographical note (not more than 50 words), outlining the ‘essence’ of the manuscript. Also indicate the exact length of the manuscript. To facilitate the review process, author`s details should not appear in other parts of the manuscript other than the title page. The Abstract should appear on the next page.

7. Notes: Notes should be kept to a minimum, and lengthy notes are strongly discouraged. All notes should be numbered in sequence, typed in double spacing and placed at the end of the page.

8. Tables & Figures: Tables should also be uploaded as separate files. Any diagrams or maps should be in .TIF or .JPG formats submitted in separate individual files. These should be prepared in black and white. Tints should be avoided; use patterns instead. Tables and figures that are included in article submission should follow APA 7th Edition format.

9. Reference Citations: All entries in the reference list must be cited in text according to APA 7th Edition format. Cite references in text using the author-date method [e.g., Stiglitz (1999)].

If a work has two authors, always cite all the names every time the work is referred to in the text. For works with three or more authors, use only the name of the first author followed by “et al.” and the year whenever the work is cited (in the reference list, however, all names must be given). Page numbers should be provided when specific arguments or findings of authors are paraphrased, summarised, or directly quoted.

Example: Low and Yong (2020, p. 121-5) argue that . . . 

10. Reference List: The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Do not use footnotes or endnotes as a substitute for a reference list. Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last names of the first author of each work.

Journal article: Moorthy, R. & Sivapalan, S. (2010). ‘Some Ethical Thoughts from the Indian Traditions,’ Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics, 20, 180-183.

Book: Bezanson, K. (2006) Gender, the State, and Social Reproduction, University of Toronto Press.

Book chapter: Hawkins, J. S. (2008) 'Research Ethics, Developing Countries, and Exploitation: A Primer', in J. S. Hawkins and E. J. Emanuel (eds) Exploitation and Developing Countries: The Ethics of Clinical Research. Princeton University Press.

Online document: Cartwright, J. (2007) Big Stars Have Weather Too, IOP Publishing PhysicsWeb, 

11. Order of the Manuscript Pages: Arrange the pages of the manuscript as follows: Title page, abstract, introduction, methodology , results, discussion, conclusions, acknowledgements, funding and references (Not more than 20). Authors may download the manuscript template from the website.

12. General Agreement: The Journal will own copyright to all published works and have the right of first publication, both in print and online, unless other arrangements are made with the Editors in advance. It is the author`s responsibility to ensure that where copyright materials are included within an article the permission of the copyright holder has been obtained beforehand.

13. Submission: Manuscripts (in Microsoft Word or PDF formats) should be submitted as electronic files to the IIUM Journal of Educational Studies (IJES). Authors must register on the IJES platform in order to submit their manuscripts. If authors have additional questions about the submission process, please email at

14. Permissions: Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.

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