مقاصد السنة النبوية غير التشريعية
(Maqasid of Non-Prophetic Legal Tradition)
One of the primary resources in its Islamic jurisprudence to set a decree is the Hadith. The Islamic scholars agree to place it on high priority such as the Holy Qur’an, in a general way, & make it as one of it primary resources besides than the Holy Qur’an even they have differences in accepting a particular number of the Hadith. This article is discussing a topic which related to the misunderstandings upon the Hadith which are the results of mistakes in understanding the type of hadÊth narrated from the noble Prophet, Muhammad pbuh that were influenced by particular circumstances & surroundings at that time, also the cause of narration itself. Islamic scholars had discussed about this issue long before within the topic of ‘The Prophetic Acts & Behaviors’. By understanding them, we can differ the Hadith’s characteristics & descriptions whether it is a commandment upon humanity or just solely a guidance without any decrees contained. On that purpose, this article was written based on an analytical comparison & critical analysis upon the opinions discussed between the scholars. The researcher will analyze the opinions gathered in this article to carry out comparisons between those & criticizing the opinions which are flawed in their particular ways. Thus, the most accurate opinion will be selected by the researcher. Apart from that, a good understandings & true commentary from the Hadith will implicate a perfect deduction which indicates it was deducted accordingly to the Syari’ah Law & Maqasid Shari'ah hence the essence of Shari'ah is not counteracted.
Key words : Primary resource, interaction, hadeeth, the Prophetic of acts and behaviors, MMaqasid Shari'ah.