الرواية التاريخية بين الموضوعية والفنية عند علي أحمد باكثير وجرجي زيدان
(Historical Novels between Objectivity and Art according to Ali Ahmad Bakathir and Jurji Zaydan)
The research seeks to critique the historical novels of the Ali Ahmad Bakathir and Jurji Zaydan between the artistic imageries and historical objectivity. Through the analytical approach the study will address the aesthetic elements of the historical novels of the writers as found in titles such as: "ØalÉÍ al-DÊn al-Ayyūbi","Shajarat Al-Durr","Al-Hajjāj Bin YËsuf"; and "Wā IslÉmāh", "SÊrat al-ShujÉÒ", "Al-FÉris al-JamÊl", by Ali Ahmad Bakathir. The research is interested the fiction elements in selected novels, such as: narrative style, temporal element, personalities, historical data, and the aesthetical techniques of the writers in the organization of historical data. In terms of historical objectivity, the research has touched on the historical data as presented by the writers in terms of facts and fiction and the means through which they deal with historical documents. The research concluded that Bakathir was dedicated to objectivity but on the expense of the aesthetic image, while Zaydan was dedicated to the art but on the expense of objectivity. Bakathir also relied on the influence of the characters in the construction of the novel, while Zaydan relied on the influence of the place, both of which preserved historical results, but differed in the narration of history and its interpretation.
Keywords: Novel, historical, thematic, artistic, Ali Ahmad Bakathir, Jurjī Zaydan.