الوقف على البحث العلمي: مقاربة بين الفقه وأولويات الواقع
Research activities in this era is a civilizational and sovereign necessity for nations and this regard the endowment institution can come in to play the role as contributors and sponsor of these activities. This paper attempts to discuss the Islamic ruling on the permissibility of using the endowment to fund research activities on the state level and not individual. In the context of the current status of research activities in the Islamic world and the expectations on it, the paper will attend initially to the situation of research activities in the Islamic world in the period of seven years between 2007 to 2014. It will paint the shortage of funding for research activities from the GDP as compared with some advanced nations such as South Korea and Japan. In the light of this reality in the Islamic world the paper attempts to review the Islamic ruling on using the endowment to sponsor research activities through a realistic and purposeful view. It is concluded that utilising the endowment fund to sponsor research activities is regarded as fardh al-kifāyah (collective obligation) in a Muslim society as it is compulsory to discover knowledge and science in Islam in addition to the benefit of research activities in bringing positive outcomes to the society in various fields.
Keyword: Endowment, Endowment Institutions, Research Activities, Maqāsid Sharīʽah, Islamic world