Early Analysis of Peripheral Obstructive Arterial Disease in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus in Primary Care Setting in Kuantan, Malaysia: Are There Differences?
Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is a known risk factor for the development of Peripheral Obstructive Arterial Disease (POAD). POAD is also one of the major cause of limb loss in diabetic patients. Yet, there is no Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI) screening among the diabetic population to quantify the disease burden or detect the disease at an early stage. This study aimed to find out the prevalence of POAD among diabetic patients in primary care and the associated risk factors and its implication on their quality of life. Materials and Methods: Ninety diabetic patients were included in this universal survey at Klinik Kesihatan (KK) Jaya Gading. ABI of lower than 0.9 was used to define POAD. A validated WHO-QOL BREF Malay version was used to assess the Quality of Life. Results: The prevalence of POAD among diabetic patients in KK Jaya Gading, Kuantan was found to be 20%. Age was a significant risk factor (p=0.005). Social domain of the Quality of Life was significantly affected in patients with POAD. Conclusion: The prevalence of POAD among diabetics in the primary care was relatively high and this supports early screening to prevent further deterioration.
How to Cite
All material submitted for publication is assumed to be submitted exclusively to the IIUM Medical Journal Malaysia (IMJM) unless the contrary is stated. Manuscript decisions are based on a double-blinded peer review process. The Editor retains the right to determine the style and if necessary, edit and shorten any material accepted for publication.
IMJM retain copyright to all the articles published in the journal. All final ‘proof’ submissions must be accompanied by a completed Copyright Assignment Form, duly signed by all authors. The author(s) or copyright owner(s) irrevocably grant(s) to any third party, in advance and in perpetuity, the right to use, reproduce or disseminate the research article in its entirety or in part, in any format or medium, provided that no substantive errors are introduced in the process, proper attribution of authorship and correct citation details are given, and that the bibliographic details are not changed. If the article is reproduced or disseminated in part, this must be clearly and unequivocally indicated.