New Coumarinic Azo-Derivatives of Metoclopramide and Diphenhydramine: Synthesis and In Vitro Testing for Cholinesterase Inhibitory Effect and Protection Ability Against Chlorpyrifos
Introduction: This study aims to synthesize new coumarin azo compounds of metoclopramide and diphenhydramine and to evaluate their in vitro cholinesterase inhibitory effects and protection abilities against chlorpyrifos. Methods: Two series of azo coumarin compounds were synthesized. Series I compound resulted from the diazotization of metoclopramide and then coupling with coumarin and 4-methyl coumarin to give compounds 1 and 2 respectively. Series II compound resulted from the diazotization of 7-aminocoumarin and 7-amino 4-methyl coumarin and then coupling with diphenhydramine to give compounds 3 and 4 respectively. The new compounds were tested for their in vitro cholinesterase inhibitory effect and protection ability against chlorpyrifos using the modified Elman electrometric method. Results: Metoclopramide derivatives with coumarin show selectivity protection for ChE against chlorpyriphos inhibitory effect as protect BChE and increase the inhibition of the AChE, or the opposite. Conclusion: Diphenhydramine derivatives with coumarin show more protective ability for both BChE and AChE as one of them shows the maximum protection for all concentration. However, the other derivative shows different manner as the low concentrations act as metoclopramide derivatives while the high concentration act as first diphenhydramine derivative (protect both AChE and BChE).
How to Cite
All material submitted for publication is assumed to be submitted exclusively to the IIUM Medical Journal Malaysia (IMJM) unless the contrary is stated. Manuscript decisions are based on a double-blinded peer review process. The Editor retains the right to determine the style and if necessary, edit and shorten any material accepted for publication.
IMJM retain copyright to all the articles published in the journal. All final ‘proof’ submissions must be accompanied by a completed Copyright Assignment Form, duly signed by all authors. The author(s) or copyright owner(s) irrevocably grant(s) to any third party, in advance and in perpetuity, the right to use, reproduce or disseminate the research article in its entirety or in part, in any format or medium, provided that no substantive errors are introduced in the process, proper attribution of authorship and correct citation details are given, and that the bibliographic details are not changed. If the article is reproduced or disseminated in part, this must be clearly and unequivocally indicated.