Trajectory of Change in Erectile Dysfunction Symptoms Following Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery in Malaysian Population
Keywords:Coronary artery bypass surgery, Erectile Dysfunction (ED), International Index of Erectile Dysfunction
INTRODUCTION: Despite the advantages of Coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG), this procedure has been reported to have a significant impact on sexual activity. The study aims to assess the trajectory of change in erectile dysfunction (ED) symptoms following CABG.METHODS: 73 adult male participants were recruited. Participant primary data was measured using the International Index of Erectile Dysfunction (IIEF-5) at three-time points. RESULTS: Severe ED was most prevalent during 6 weeks following-operation (86.3%); however, the proportion of severe ED symptoms reduced after 4 months following-operatively (42.5%). There was a statistically significant difference in ED symptoms between pre-operatively and 6 weeks post- operatively (p< 0.001). At 4 months, there was a marginally significant improvement in ED symptoms compared to baseline pre-operatively post CABG (p = 0.064). Age significantly increases the chance in odds of having abnormal ED symptoms by 22% at 4 months postoperatively (aOR=1.22, 95% CI=1.06, 1.41, p<0.05). Other risk factors for abnormal ED symptoms following CABG, which include normal creatinine clearance, being a smoker, and having moderate to good LV function was not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: The present study has demonstrated a high prevalence of ED following CABG and the procedure caused a negative impact on the ED symptoms. However, there was a significant improvement in ED symptoms as the time from surgery increases and patients recovered. Further studies with larger sample size and longer recovery time are needed to assess the trajectory of recovery in ED symptoms in this population.>< 0.05). Other risk factors for abnormal ED symptoms following CABG, which include normal creatinine clearance, being a smoker, and having moderate to good LV function was not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: The present study has demonstrated a high prevalence of ED following CABG and the procedure caused a negative impact on the ED symptoms.
How to Cite
All material submitted for publication is assumed to be submitted exclusively to the IIUM Medical Journal Malaysia (IMJM) unless the contrary is stated. Manuscript decisions are based on a double-blinded peer review process. The Editor retains the right to determine the style and if necessary, edit and shorten any material accepted for publication.
IMJM retain copyright to all the articles published in the journal. All final ‘proof’ submissions must be accompanied by a completed Copyright Assignment Form, duly signed by all authors. The author(s) or copyright owner(s) irrevocably grant(s) to any third party, in advance and in perpetuity, the right to use, reproduce or disseminate the research article in its entirety or in part, in any format or medium, provided that no substantive errors are introduced in the process, proper attribution of authorship and correct citation details are given, and that the bibliographic details are not changed. If the article is reproduced or disseminated in part, this must be clearly and unequivocally indicated.