Augmented Renal Clearance in Critically Ill Patients with Sepsis: Prevalence, Risk Factors and Outcome
Introduction: Augmented renal clearance (ARC) is a phenomenon where there is elevated renal clearance and defined by creatinine clearance more than 130ml/min. ARC results in changes of the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic of antimicrobial therapy being administered, which may result in its subtherapeutic dose. We evaluated the prevalence, risk factors and outcome of ARC in critically ill patients with sepsis. Materials and method: This is an interim analysis of single centre, prospective observational study of critically ill patients. Inclusion criteria were patients older than 18 years old with sepsis with plasma creatinine less than 130 µmol/l. Urinary creatinine and flow rate were measured and creatinine clearance (CrCl) calculated.ARC is defined as CrCl of more 130 ml/min. Ultrasonic cardiac output montoring (USCOM) was used to measure cardiac index. Results: Nineteen patients were analysed so far, of which 11 (57.9%) had ARC. There were no differences age, gender, or category of patients between patients with and without ARC. Baseline APACHE II and SOFA score were similar in the two groups (p=0.47 and 0.06, respectively).There was no difference in the hospital mortality (p=0.86). However, duration of ICU admission amongst survivors was longer in patients with ARC (10 (5-12) vs 4 (3-5) days, p=0.04). Of the 11 with ARC, 7 persisted to day 2. Measured creatinine clearance correlated well with the estimated glomerular filtration rate (r=0.68, p<0.0001), however it did not correlate with cardiac index (r=0.40, p=0.14). Conclusion: ARC occurs in almost half of critically ill patients with sepsis, and is associated with longer duration of ICU stay. However, there was no difference in the outcome in this small study. Future larger study may be important to investigate this.
How to Cite
All material submitted for publication is assumed to be submitted exclusively to the IIUM Medical Journal Malaysia (IMJM) unless the contrary is stated. Manuscript decisions are based on a double-blinded peer review process. The Editor retains the right to determine the style and if necessary, edit and shorten any material accepted for publication.
IMJM retain copyright to all the articles published in the journal. All final ‘proof’ submissions must be accompanied by a completed Copyright Assignment Form, duly signed by all authors. The author(s) or copyright owner(s) irrevocably grant(s) to any third party, in advance and in perpetuity, the right to use, reproduce or disseminate the research article in its entirety or in part, in any format or medium, provided that no substantive errors are introduced in the process, proper attribution of authorship and correct citation details are given, and that the bibliographic details are not changed. If the article is reproduced or disseminated in part, this must be clearly and unequivocally indicated.