This study examines the level of openness of the intellectual collections in the Malaysian Public Universities Repositories, towards promoting the practice of open science in the institutions. Open science stands for a new system in which researchers all over the globe can come together and contribute to all research processes and at the end of the processes allows for the sharing of the scientific findings that are beneficial to all humanities freely. Specifically, the main objectives of the study were to identify, to what extent were the intellectual contents in the Institutional Repositories (IR) of the comprehensive universities in Malaysia open to the general public and how the librarians and researchers from these universities promote open science through the IR. Mixed-method research was used to gather information from the respondents. A total of 255 responses were received for the quantitative method and a total of 6 librarians were interviewed for the qualitative method to complement the other and triangulation was done to aggregate the major findings, which shows that the public universities in Malaysia were involved in OS through their institutional repositories. However, only 10% to 30% of the contents in these IR were available to the general public, while some institutions only provide the abstract to the public. Some recommended factors identified by the stakeholders to fully implement the OS practices were: the need for more enlightenment on the system, more of the modern digital facilities or infrastructure such as high-speed internet, and well-managed and secured databases.


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Author Biography

Prof., International Islamic University, Malaysia

Prof. Dr. Roslina Othman has experience teaching at several universities including University of Bahrain, Kingdom of Bahrain. At Jazan University, Saudi Arabia, she established the Women Section, College of Computer Science and Information Systems, and the Quality Academic Unit. She was a Visiting Professor at Hanoi University of Culture, Vietnam. She has been fully sponsored under the EU Grant FP7 and H2020 to present her proposal on semantic-based search engines and attend research meetings and networking in Luxemburg, Brussels, Vienna and Sweden. She was a consultant for KM Technology and NIEW bridging gender digital divide programme.
Roslina Othman has led research projects under TechnoFund, FRGS, ERGS, PRGS, MIRGS and internal grants, contributing to the Islamisation of search engines and search systems and the novelty ruler for discovering patents in Islamic Finance domain. Her work has produced sense level dictionaries and ontologies in Arabic, English, Chinese and Malay.
Roslina Othman’s book Trends in Information Retrieval System has been used as a textbook and a reference book at several universities. Her publications have been used as references for teaching at universities in USA, Canada, Taiwan and Dominican Republic, and she has presented papers at national and international conferences at 15 countries.
Roslina Othman has served as the Director for Alumni and Career Services Division, and the Focal Point (IIUM) for Graduate Employability at the Ministry. She has produced the Blueprint for Malaysia Cambodia Alumni, Blueprint for Malaysia-Indonesia Alumni and initiated the IIUM Graduate Employability Portal. She is also a reviewer for the Qatar National Research Foundation.




How to Cite

Ahmed, M., & Othman , R. . (2021). PROMOTING OPEN SCIENCE WITH INSTITUTIONAL REPOSITORIES IN THE MALAYSIAN COMPREHENSIVE PUBLIC UNIVERSITIES. Journal of Information Systems and Digital Technologies, 3(2), 11–28. Retrieved from