KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE ON FAST FOOD CONSUMPTION AMONG NORMAL AND OVERWEIGHT/OBESE INTERNATIONAL ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY MALAYSIA KUANTAN STUDENTS
Introduction: Increase in the number of restaurants will directly or indirectly influence the students to consume fast foods. The number of fast food outlets is significantly increased in the area of Bandar Indera Mahkota which is near to International Islamic University of Malaysia (IIUM) Kuantan campus. Hence, students can easily access to fast food. Additionally, fast food consumption may be associated with the body mass index (BMI) of the students. The main objective of this study is to identify the knowledge, attitude and practice of fast food consumption among normal and overweight/obese IIUM Kuantan students. Method: This study was conducted by using cross-sectional survey with 176 students (normal: 107 respondents, 55.2 %, overweight/obese: 87 respondents, 44.8 %). The data collection started with the anthropometry measurements (height and weight) by using Tanita weighing scale and stadiometer. Then, followed by answering self-administered questionnaires. The data was analyzed using SPSS software version 25.0 with the p-value set was < 0.05. Results: There was no significant difference on knowledge, attitude and practice between normal and overweight/obese students. Besides, there was no significant correlation between knowledge and attitude towards fast food consumption (p = 0.461). However, there was a significant positive correlation between knowledge and practice (p = 0.006, r = 0.195). Conclusion: This study indicates that the level of knowledge, attitude and practice are similar among both normal and overweight/obese students. Apart from that, knowledge did not associate with the attitude level, but knowledge has influenced the practice of fast food. For future research, it is recommended to include open-ended questions in order to identify the root cause of fast food intake and to collect the opinion regarding knowledge, attitude and practice.
KEYWORDS: Fast Food, BMI, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice