CORRELATION ANALYSIS BETWEEN ANTIHYPERTENSIVE EFFECT WITH TOTAL PHENOLIC CONTENT AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF Syzygium polyanthum (SERAI KAYU) LEAVES FRACTIONS
Syzygium polyanthum (Wight) Walp leaves are consumed by locals as fresh salad (ulam) and as decoction for hypertension remedy. The leaves were previously reported with antihypertensive and antioxidant properties, but the relation between these two effects is unknown. The present study aimed to examine correlation between magnitude of antihypertensive effect with total phenolic content (TPC) and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) activity for S. polyanthum. Aqueous crude extract from S. polyanthum leaves (ASP) was fractionated using silica-based column chromatography with binary solvent system of ethyl acetate and methanol, followed by thin-layer chromatography (TLC) for qualitative analysis on the fractionsâ€™ chemical profiles. These fractions and ASP were analysed for TPC and tested using FRAP assay (n=3); while for antihypertensive study, these fractions were intravenously administered into pentobarbital-anaesthetized Spontaneously Hypertensive rats (n=5) for recording of mean arterial pressure (MAP), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (SBP). Correlation between the maximum antihypertensive activity (measured as maximum percent (%) reduction in MAP, SBP and DBP) with the level of TPC and antioxidant activity was analysed using Spearman Rank Correlation test in GraphPadÂ® PRISM Version 6. Fractionation of ASP afforded nine fractions, later combined into three fractions (F1ASP, F2ASP and F3ASP) according to their TLC profiles. Maximum antihypertensive effect was exerted by F2ASP with the reductions of 37.94 Â± 5.84%, 38.54 Â± 7.26% and 35.81 Â± 4.86% for MAP, SBP and DBP, respectively. TPC and FRAP activity were recorded highest in ASP by 232.80 Â± 0.39 mg GAE/g and 5.50 Â± 0.15 Fe mM/mg, respectively, while the lowest was recorded by F2ASP. TPC was positively correlated (P<0.001, r=+0.9228) with antioxidant activity, but they had no significant correlations with the magnitude of antihypertensive effects. TPC of S. polyanthum leaves has significant association with its antioxidant activity only, but not with its antihypertensive effect.