THE KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF PROPHETIC FOODS CONSUMPTION AMONG EXCLUSIVELY BREASTFEEDING MOTHERS IN KUANTAN, PAHANG: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY

Authors

  • Nor Azwani Mohd Shukri International Islamic University Malaysia
  • Siti Munirah Abdul Basir
  • Muhammad Ibrahim
  • Radiah Abdul Ghani
  • Muhammad Muzaffar Ali Khan Khattak
  • Muhammad Nor Omar

Abstract

The World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) strongly advocate exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months after birth as the optimal way of feeding infants. Nutritional inadequacy during breastfeeding period may lead to breastfeeding problems such as inadequate milk production which is a common reason to early breastfeeding termination. Galactagogue is one of the solutions seek by breastfeeding mothers to overcome this problem. Within the topic of prophetic medicine, scholars discussed the foods consumed by Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) and their health benefits. Among the plants mentioned in Islamic literature are F.carica (figs), O.europea (olive), P.granatum (pomegranate) and N.sativa (habbatussauda).  Studies on prophetic foods consumption among lactating mothers is limited in the literature. Thus, the aims of this study to explore the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of prophetic food consumption, among Malay mothers during exclusive breastfeeding period. Ten subjects are interviewed by in-depth semi-structured interview guide. Inclusion criteria include Malay mothers aged 18 to 40 years, deliver full term babies and were exclusively breastfeeding. Audio-recorded interviews were transcribed verbatim in Malay and translated into English. Translated transcripts were then analysed thematically with the help of NVivo software. Thematic analysis revealed three themes that represents participants’ knowledge, attitude and practice on prophetic foods consumption. The themes were 1) prophetic diet is related to Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H)’s practice on foods and eating manners, 2) perceived benefits and effectiveness of prophetic foods consumption, and 3) Practice of prophetic foods consumption during exclusive breastfeeding period. This study provides an insight to the understanding and perception on prophetic foods consumption during exclusive breastfeeding period among breastfeeding mothers. It is acknowledged that prophetic foods, particularly dates may have lactogenic function. Further studies should be carried out to investigate the relationship between prophetic foods consumption and lactogenic activity.

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Author Biographies

Siti Munirah Abdul Basir

Department of Nutrition Science, Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences 

Muhammad Ibrahim

DEPARTMENT OF NUTRITION SCIENCES, KULLIYYAH OF ALLIED HEALTH SCIENCES

Radiah Abdul Ghani

DEPARTMENT OF BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES, KULLIYYAH OF ALLIED HEALTH SCIENCES

Muhammad Muzaffar Ali Khan Khattak

DEPARTMENT OF NUTRITION SCIENCES, KULLIYYAH OF ALLIED HEALTH SCIENCES

Muhammad Nor Omar

DEPARTMENT OF BIOTECHNOLOGY, KULLIYYAH OF SCIENCES

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Published

2018-07-05

How to Cite

Mohd Shukri, N. A., Abdul Basir, S. M., Ibrahim, M., Abdul Ghani, R., Khattak, M. M. A. K., & Omar, M. N. (2018). THE KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF PROPHETIC FOODS CONSUMPTION AMONG EXCLUSIVELY BREASTFEEDING MOTHERS IN KUANTAN, PAHANG: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ALLIED HEALTH SCIENCES, 2(1), 234–243. Retrieved from https://journals.iium.edu.my/ijahs/index.php/IJAHS/article/view/121

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