KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, AND PRACTICE (KAP) TOWARDS PELVIC FLOOR MUSCLE EXERCISE AMONG THE FEMALE POPULATION ATTENDING THE OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY CLINIC AT SULTAN AHMAD SHAH MEDICAL CENTRE (SASMEC@IIUM)
Introduction: The weakening of the pelvic floor muscles among women is a common condition after childbirth. Pelvic floor muscle exercise (PFME) is prescribed to prepare the women during pregnancy and later stage of labour as a prevention of pelvic floor muscle disorder (PFMD). The study intended to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice towards pelvic floor muscle exercise among female population attending the obstetrics and gynaecology clinic at SASMEC@IIUM. Method: The study was conducted by distributing online Google form questionnaire through a QR code scan among female population at the obstetrics and gynaecological clinic, SASMEC @IIUM. A total of 112 respondents participated in the study based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Result: The findings showed the respondents had a high knowledge and attitude score of 52% and 58.9% respectively. Nevertheless, there was a low score of 70% for the practice level of practice in more than half of the respondents. Non-pregnant and pregnant groups showed no significant difference. The pregnant women demonstrated significant difference of practice compared with non-pregnant towards PFME. Conclusion: The adherent to PFME needs to be empowered for long-term benefits.
Keywords: pelvic floor muscle exercise (PFME), women, SASMEC