KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICE ON INFECTION CONTROL AMONGST STUDENTS OF THE INTERNATIONAL ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY MALAYSIA (IIUM) DURING CLINICAL ATTACHMENT
Introduction: Hospital acquired infection (HAIs) has been indicated as the major barrier to patient care as it is contributory to increase morbidity, mortality and financial strain. In the Medical Imaging department due to frequent visits from patients daily, high interactions of patient-Medical Imaging department staff including students exist. As such, students can possibly spread HAI through poor knowledge and practices which can then affect the healthcare quality. Objective/aim: This study aims in ascertaining the knowledge and practice level of Infection Control Precaution (ICP) amongst undergraduate Medical Imaging students at International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM). Materials and methods: The survey was carried out on 63 randomized selected second, third and fourth-year students. The data was analyzed using descriptive analysis and Kruskal Wallis test. Results: Poor knowledge and practices of ICP were indicated amongst the respondents. The Kruskal Wallis test indicated no significant difference of ICP practices between the second, third and fourth-year students. The overall knowledge and practice scores of ICP amongst respondents were found to be poor despite it has been taught in the Patient Care course. This could probably due to the method of delivery of the subject matter, workload, forgetfulness and myth of skin allergy that can be combatted with education. Conclusion: The insignificance between the practice of ICP and the year of study of the respondents can be addressed by providing the necessary training, monitoring on ICP including the evaluation of ICP to improve the effectiveness of adherence to ICP.