AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON INFLUENCE OF PLATE SIZE ON ACTUAL AND PERCEIVED ENERGY INTAKE AMONG UNDERGRADUATES IN A PUBLIC UNIVERSITY, MALAYSIA

Authors

  • SITI AMIRAH SHAHEERA SHALIHIN Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Malaysia.
  • ROSITA Rosita JAMALUDDIN Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Malaysia.
  • KHANG JIN CHEAH Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Malaysia.
  • NAJIHAH MOHAMAD Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Malaysia.

Abstract

Aim: A within-subjects experimental study design was conducted to determine the influence of plate sizes on the actual compared to the perceived energy consumed. Method: Fifty-eight participants (45 female, 13 male) were selected from a faculty in a public university. On separate experimental days, they were invited to a lunch buffet dishes in which white rice, a chicken dish and stir-fried vegetables were self-served using small (7-inch/18cm) and large (9-inch/23cm) diameter plates. Anthropometric measurements, perceived energy intake, actual energy intake and socio-demographic information were collected. The weight of each food was used to calculate the actual energy consumed. Results: On the 7-inch/18cm plate size, the perceived dietary intake was significantly higher than the actual dietary intake (p<0.01). While on the 9-inch/23cm plate size, participants perceived a significantly lower dietary intake compared to the actual dietary intake (p<0.01). There was a significant difference in actual and perceived dietary intake between the 2 plate sizes (p<0.001). Conclusion: Participants underestimated their dietary intake on a large plate and overestimated their dietary intake on a small plate. It can be concluded that plate size has an influence on dietary intake and could be considered as part of weight loss interventions.

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Published

2021-06-10

How to Cite

SHALIHIN , S. A. S. ., JAMALUDDIN, R. R., CHEAH , K. J. ., & MOHAMAD , N. . (2021). AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON INFLUENCE OF PLATE SIZE ON ACTUAL AND PERCEIVED ENERGY INTAKE AMONG UNDERGRADUATES IN A PUBLIC UNIVERSITY, MALAYSIA. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ALLIED HEALTH SCIENCES, 5(2), 2213–2218. Retrieved from https://journals.iium.edu.my/ijahs/index.php/IJAHS/article/view/438

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Original Articles