VISUAL FUNCTIONS STATUS IN GERIATRIC NURSING HOME KUANTAN
Introduction: Age related visual impairment and eye diseases are one of the real worries among the different issues that influence the geriatric population on the grounds that their visual status plays major role in the quality of life. The aim of this study was to investigate the visual function status and eye diseases among the old individuals in a nursing home. Methods: A total of 43 elderly (males and females) in range age from 51 to 78 years who stayed at nursing centre were examined in this study. The parameters such as visual acuity, colour vision, stereopsis and any eye disorder were collected. There were no incorporation and prohibition criteria in the study. The tools used to measure them were LogMAR chart (at 3 metres), Farnsworth D-15, TNO booklet, portable slit lamp and direct ophthalmoscopy respectively. Results: The outcome demonstrates some of them mostly have cataracts (Nuclear 55.8%; Cortical 4.7%; PSCC 4.7%), pterygium (16.3%), arcus senilis (4.7%) and diabetic retinopathy (2.3%). There is a noteworthy impact of cataract formation on colour vision status, Ñ…2(9, N = 43) = 3.634, p < 0.05. There is likewise an uncovered that cataract give vital impact to stereopsis value, x2(12, N = 42) = 9.837, p < 0.05. Stereopsis indicated more influenced than visual acuity as a result of the pathological and physiological changes during aging process. Conclusion: It seems important to realize the importance of optometric administration such as doing the screening effectively and the geriatric ought to be urged to come for formal yearly eye check-up to improvise their quality of life.