AN OVERVIEW OF THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK GOVERNING CYBERBULLYING AMONG CHILDREN IN MALAYSIA
Keywords:Cyberbullying, children, legal provisions, Malaysia, Buli siber, kanak-kanak, peruntukan undang-undang
The Internet has changed people’s lifestyles since its inception in the nineties. Since then, it has become an essential tool and daily need for all generations, including children. Despite its significant advantages for online class, gathering knowledge and information, it also has its disadvantages. One of the disadvantages is that children can be potentially exposed to cyberbullying, either as a victim or a perpetrator. Easier access to the Internet via various types of electronic devices such as smartphones, tablets, laptops, and desktop computers has contributed to the increase in child cyberbullying incidents. A survey conducted by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) in 2019 discovered that 28% children in Malaysia were victims of online violence. In global statistics among 28 countries, Malaysia was ranked 6th place and 2nd place among the Asia countries in cyberbullying. The objectives of this study are to examine the scenario of child cyberbullying in Malaysia and identify related legal provisions that existed in Malaysia. The method used in this study is doctrinal research by referring to journals, books, conference papers, newspapers, and other periodicals. This research found out that the existing laws are not adequate to protect children from cyberbullying. Thus, it is suggested that there should be specific provisions on cyberbullying protection especially for child in Malaysia.
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