MONETARY COMPENSATION AS A REMEDY FOR UNFAIR DISMISSAL: A STUDY IN UNITED KINGDOM AND MALAYSIA
Although unfair dismissal is not considered as a new issue in the current era, it may nevertheless severely affect the employees' right to earn a salary and other benefits such as retirement saving, among others. In order to recompense the employee's rights of employment, the legislature in many jurisdictions has introduced reinstatement as the remedy for unfair dismissal. Unfortunately, reinstatement is not awarded in most cases due to the long delay from the date of dismissal to the date of an award which may take a few years, where in the meantime the claimant may have comfortably settled in his new employment and in most cases would not desire reinstatement. Realising the above, the legislature has allowed the alternative remedy of monetary compensation for unfair dismissal. In fact, today, monetary compensation has become the remedy in both Malaysia and the United Kingdom. The Employment Rights Act 1996 of the United Kingdom recognises several remedies for unfair dismissal such as reinstatement, re-engagement, and monetary compensation. On the other hand, the Malaysian Industrial Relations Act 1967 merely provides reinstatement as the remedy for unfair dismissal; however, monetary compensation has been allowed vide the Industrial Court Practice Direction No. 1 of 1987, to be awarded at the discretion of the Industrial Court Chairman. In light of the above, this article discusses the awarding of monetary compensation in the United Kingdom and Malaysia with reference to legislation and decided cases in the above jurisdictions.
- Consent to publish: The Author(s) undertakes that the article named above is original and consents that the IIUM Press publishes it.
- Previous publication: The Author(s) guarantees that the article named above has not been published before in any form, that it is not concurrently submitted to another publication, and that it does not infringe anyone’s copyright. The Author(s) holds the IIUM Press and Editors of IIUM Law Journal harmless against all copyright claims.
- Transfer of copyright: The Author(s) hereby transfers the copyright of the article to the IIUM Press, which shall have the exclusive and unlimited right to publish the article in any form, including on electronic media. The Journal in turn grants the Author(s) the right to reproduce the article for educational and scientific purposes, provided the written consent of the Publisher is obtained.