INTERESTERIFICATION OF CRUDE PALM OIL BY THERMOMYCES LANUGINOSA: A MINI REVIEW

Authors

  • Azamudin Halim School of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA.
  • Harumi Veny School of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA.
  • Sarina Sulaiman Department of Chemical Engineering and Sustainability, Kulliyyah of Engineering, IIUM

Abstract

This paper reviews the interesterification of crude palm oil by Thermomyces lanuginosa. Interesterification also has several advantages such as producing the highest biodiesel production yield and the reaction for the synthesis of biodiesel is based on the use of methyl acetate instead of the more commonly used alcohol. However, this method also has its disadvantages such as operations at very high pressures (20–40 MPa), high temperatures (350–400 °C) and higher production costs. The performance of Lipozyme TL-IM for transesterification reaction was greatly improved by the ultrasound-assisted approach with a higher yield of biodiesel and a significant reduction of time of reaction from 24 to 4 h.

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Published

2022-12-31

How to Cite

Halim, A. ., Veny, H., & Sulaiman, S. (2022). INTERESTERIFICATION OF CRUDE PALM OIL BY THERMOMYCES LANUGINOSA: A MINI REVIEW. Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering Journal (Formally Known As Biological and Natural Resources Engineering Journal), 6(2), 37–43. Retrieved from https://journals.iium.edu.my/bnrej/index.php/bnrej/article/view/84