MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE AND PALM KERNEL SHELL MIXTURE AS FEEDSTOCK IN THE GASIFICATION PROCESS

Authors

  • Amadou Dioulde Donghol Diallo Department of Biotechnology Engineering, Kulliyyah of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia
  • Ma’an Fahmi Rashid Alkhatib Department of Biotechnology Engineering, Kulliyyah of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia
  • Zahangir MD Alam Department of Biotechnology Engineering, Kulliyyah of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia
  • Maiziwan Mel Department of Biotechnology Engineering, Kulliyyah of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia

Keywords:

Municipal solid waste; Palm kernel shell; calorific value; energy; Gasification

Abstract

    One of the renewable and sustainable energy sources to replace polluting fossil fuels is residues of municipal solids and biomass. The efficient management of this energy will help to solve the problems associated with fossil fuels. There are several routes to convert biomass into useful products depending on the biomass characteristics and the requirement of the end product and its applications. Furthermore, biomass gasification has considered being the preferred viable option for the conversion of a variety of biomass feedstock. This study highlights the possibility of mixing biomass (palm kernel shell) and municipal solid waste (MSW) to make clean energy that regards the environment (climate change) and sustainable development. Chosen components of MSW, specifically plastics, textiles, foam, and cardboard mixed with PKS in desired proportions. Volatiles, ash moisture content, have moderate concentrations that do not negatively influence the gasification process, according to the study results. The study established that the mixture MSW and PKS can be a raw material for the gasification process. According to the calorific value, this is, around 21.13 MJ/kg for an MSW + PKS ratio of 0.25 to 28.82 MJ/kg for an MSW + PKS ratio of 1.5. Other polluting elements were found such as Chlorine (0.064 wt. % to 0.171wt.%), Sulfur 0.321wt.% to 0.512 wt.% respectively. Elements such as antimony (Sb), arsenic (As), bromine (Br), lead (Pb), and mercury (Hg) were not found, in any of the elements analyzed.  Moreover, those who are present are within the standards set by the competent services. Therefore, this mixture of MSW and PKS can replace the polluting and depleting fossil fuel in the gasification process with little to no impact on the environment.

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Published

2021-06-24

How to Cite

Diallo, A. D. D., Alkhatib, M. F. R. ., Alam, Z. M. ., & Mel, M. . (2021). MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE AND PALM KERNEL SHELL MIXTURE AS FEEDSTOCK IN THE GASIFICATION PROCESS. Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering Journal (Formally Known As Biological and Natural Resources Engineering Journal), 5(1), 1–12. Retrieved from https://journals.iium.edu.my/bnrej/index.php/bnrej/article/view/53