• Moussa Mohamed Ahmed
  • Nik Rashida Nik Abdul Ghani Department of Biotechnology Engineering. Faculty of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia
  • Mohammed Saedi Jami Department of Biotechnology Engineering. Faculty of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia
  • Mohamed Elwathig Saeed Mirghani Department of Biotechnology Engineering. Faculty of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia
  • MD. Noor Salleh Department of Biotechnology Engineering. Faculty of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia


Water treatment, date seed, boron, adsorption, acid treatment


Boron has been classified as a pollutant of drinking water in many countries. Boron is harmful to many plants especially sensible plants and human health. Therefore, boron level needs to be decreased to 0.3 mg/L for drinking water and from 0.5 mg/L to 1 mg/L for irrigation water. In this study, various operational parameters are investigated to determine the potential of using date seed (or date pit or date stone) to remove boron from seawater. The main objective of this study was to determine boron adsorption capacities of date seeds prepared by various methods (i.e., powdered, activated, acid treated and defatted seed) by batch adsorption process using boron contaminated synthetic seawater. The process parameters of the selected biosorbent among the four date seed preparations methods were optimized. The surface characteristics were analysed by using FTIR and SEM. The results showed that acid treated date seed was the best biosorbent in terms of removal of boron from aqueous solution with 89.18% of removal of boron at neutral pH, liquid to solid ratio of 5 within 2 hours of reaction time at room temperature (25°C±2°C).


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How to Cite

Moussa Mohamed Ahmed, Nik Rashida Nik Abdul Ghani, Mohammed Saedi Jami, Mohamed Elwathig Saeed Mirghani, & MD. Noor Salleh. (2020). INVESTIGATION OF THE USE OF DATE SEED FOR REMOVAL OF BORON FROM SEAWATER . Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering Journal (Formally Known As Biological and Natural Resources Engineering Journal), 3(2), 55–73. Retrieved from