Issues and Concerns of Zakāh Management in Bangladesh: A Way Forward from an E-Zakāh Perspective
قضايا وتحديات إدارة الزكاة في بنغلاديش: نحو آفاق جديدة في تطبيقات الزكاة الإلكترونية
Keywords:Challenges, E-Zakāh, Bangladesh, Zakāh, Management
Zakāh is considered as one of the fundamental pillars of Islam and an important Islamic financial concept. Zakāh plays a significant and critical role in addressing poverty and inequality in Muslim communities. However, implementation of effective, and successful Zakāh management poses significant challenges in many countries, including Bangladesh. This study aims to identify the challenges associated with Zakāh management in Bangladesh and explore the implementation of the E-Zakāh application in terms of its proper collection and distribution. Through a deeper understanding of the literature review and analysis of available accessible data, the study identifies several significant deficiencies and major shortcomings in the Zakāh administration including lack of transparency and accountability, inadequate infrastructure, limited awareness and education, ineffective monitoring and evaluation systems, and inefficient collection and distribution mechanisms. This study uses an analytical and descriptive method to examine the challenges in Zakāh administration in Bangladesh. By adopting a qualitative research approach, this study aims to gain an in-depth understanding of these challenges and propose solutions. Furthermore, the article proposes a broad strategy for the effective implementation of E-Zakāh that includes the establishment of technological infrastructure, regulatory reform, capacity building, and public awareness campaigns. Finally, the present study contributes to the existing literature by clarifying the obstacles and opportunities of the Zakāh administration in Bangladesh and proposes a viable solution through the adoption of E-Zakāh. By utilising the endless possibilities of technological advances, the proposed strategy could improve the impact of Zakāh, stimulate socio-economic growth, and empower marginalised communities in Bangladesh.
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