The Application of the Zakat System to Reduce the Problem of Poverty in the Afghan Province of Jowzjan and Its Effects

تطبيق نظام الزكاة في الحد من مشكلة الفقر في ولاية جوزجان الأفغانية وبيان الآثار المترتبة على ذلك

Authors

  • Hosamuddin Ebady Master Student, Dept. of Fiqh and Usul al-Fiqh, Abdul Hamid Abu Sulayman Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia
  • Muhammad Amanullah Prof., Dept. of Fiqh and Usul al-Fiqh, Abdul Hamid Abu Sulayman Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia

Keywords:

The Role of Zakāh, Zakāh Fund, the Problem of Poverty, Afghan Province of Jawzjan

Abstract

This research aims to show the role of Zakāh in alleviating poverty and improving the economy in the Afghan province of Jowzjan. This is because the failure to achieve economic balance and address the differences between the different social groups, eradication of poverty, and the consequent famine, unemployment, delinquency, rebellion, etc. are major problems that threaten societies and countries today, especially Islamic societies one of which is the society of the Afghan province of Jowzjan. Islamic visions and mechanisms to solve the problems of previous societies should be newly reconsidered as they were effective in the past. After reconsidering them, there should be renewed formulations to make them effective for the contemporary new issues. One of the mechanisms used in the past to alleviate poverty is the role of Zakāh. This mechanism should be newly reconsidered and applied in contemporary times to alleviate poverty. Using the inductive and analytical methods and some personal interviews, the research reveals the factors that made Zakāh inactive in many countries of the Islamic world, especially in the Afghan province of Jowzjan, and deals with how to activate Zakāh again in this province.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

al-ʾĀbī, Ṣāliḥ ʿAbd al-Samīʿ. n.d. Jawāhir al-ʾIklīl Sharḥ Mukhtaṣar Khalīl. Bayrūt: al-Maktabah al-Thaqafiyyah.

al-Bayhaqī, ʾAḥmad Bin Husayn. 1994. al-Sunan al-Kubrā. Makkah al-Mukarramah: Maktabah Dār al-Bāz.

al-Bukhāri, Muḥammad Bin ʾIsmāʿīl. 2002. al-Jāmiʿ al-Ṣaḥīḥ. Dimashq: Dār ʾIbn Kathīr.

al-Ḥaybānī, Muḥammad Bin ʾIbrāhīm. n.d. ʾAthar al-Zakah ʿAlā Tashghīl al-Mawārid al-ʾIqtiṣādiyyah. al-Riyāḍ: Maktabah al-ʿAbīkān.

al-Kharashī, Muḥammad ʾAbī ʿAbdillāh. 1317AH. Ḥāshiyyah al-Kharashī. Miṣr: al-Kubrā al-ʾAmīriyyah.

al-Mardāwī, ʿAlī Bin Sulaymān. n.d. al-ʾInṣāf Fī Maʿrifah al-Rājiḥ Min al-Khilāf. Bayrūt: Dār ʾIḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī.

al-Nawawī, Yaḥyā Bin Sharaf. n.d. al-Majmūʿ Sharḥ al-Muhadhdhab. Bayrūt: Dār al-Fikr.

al-Nawawī, Yaḥyā Bin Sharaf. n.d. Sharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim. Bayrūt: Muʾassasah Qurṭubah.

al-Qalyūbī, ʾAḥmad Bin ʾAḥmad. 1956. Ḥāshiyyah Qalyūbī. Miṣr: Maktabah Muṣṭafā al-Bābī al-Ḥalabī.

al-Qaraḍāwī, Yūsuf. 1973. Fiqh al-Zakāh. Bayrūt: Muʾassasah al-Risālah.

al-Qaraḍāwī, Yūsuf. 2001. Dawr al-Zakāh Fī ʿIlāj al-Mushkilāt al-ʾIqtiṣādiyyah Wa Shurūṭ Najāḥihā. al-Qāhirah: Dār al-Shurūq.

al-Qaysī, ʾIbrāhīm. 1989. Madā Mushārakah al-Muwāṭin al-ʾUrdūnī Fī Ṣundūq al-Zakāh. Nadwah al-Zakāh Wāqiʿ Wa Ṭumūḥāt, al-ʾUrdūn.

al-Ṣāwī, ʾAḥmad. 1995. Bulghah al-Sālik Li ʾAqrab al-Masālik. Bayrūt: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyyah.

al-Ṭabrānī, Sulaymān Bin ʾAḥmad. 1413AH. al-Duʿāʾ. Bayrūt: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyyah.

al-Zarqā, ʾAḥmad Bin Muḥammad. 1981. Sharḥ al-Qawāʿid al-Fiqhiyyah. Dimashq: Dār al-Qalam.

ʾAwānj, ʿAbd al-Bārī. 2011. ʾIstithmār ʾAmwāl al-Zakāh Wa Taṭbīqātuhā Fī Bayt al-Māl al-Mālīzī. Majallah al-Tajdīd, Vol. 15, No. 29.

ʿAwwād, Bashshār, et.al. 1993. al-Musnad al-Jāmiʿ. Bayrūt: Dār al-Jalīl Li al-Ṭibāʿah.

ʿAzūz, ʾAḥmad. n.d. al-Dawr al-ʾIqtiṣādī Wa al-ʾIjtimāʿī Li al-Zakāh Fi al-Taqlīl Min al-Faqr. https://baitalzakat.com/files/articles/baitalzakat.com-A100231.pdf

Boumediene, Bouklikha. 2018. al-Zakāh Ka ʾAdāh Faʿālah Fī Taḥqīq al-Tanmiyyah al-ʾIqtiṣādiyyah. Majallah al-ʾIqtiṣād al-ʾIslāmī al-ʿĀlamiyyah, No. 19.

ʾIbn ʾAbī Shaybah, ʿAbdullāh Bin Muḥammad. n.d. Muṣannaf ʾIbn ʾAbī Shaybah. al-Riyāḍ: Maktabah al-Rushd.

ʾIṣlāḥī, ʿAbd al-ʿAẓīm. 2012. ʾIqtiṣādiyyāt al-Zakāh: Dirāsah Naqdiyyah Li Baʿḍ ʾAʿmāl Muḥammad Humayd Allāh. al-Saʿūdiyyah: Jāmiʿah al-Malik ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz.

Muḥammad, Quṭb ʾIbrāhīm. 1988. al-Siyāsah al-Māliyyah Li ʿUmar Bin ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz. al-Qāhirah: al-Hayʾah al-Miṣriyyah al-ʿĀmmah Li al-Kitāb.

Naʿmūn, Wahhāb, Siyāsah ʿAnnānī. 2012. Dawr al-Zakāh Fī Taḥqīq al-Tanmiyyah al-Mustadāmah: Dirāsah Ṣundūq al-Zakāh al-Jazāʾirī. al-Multaqā al-Dawlī Ḥawla Muqawwimāt Taḥqīq al-Tanmiyyah al-Mustadāmah Fī al- al-ʾIqtiṣād al-ʾIslāmī. Jāmiʿah Qālimah.

Qanaṭqajī, Sāmir Maẓhar. 2005. Mushkilah al-Biṭālah Wa ʿIlājuhā Fī al-ʾIslām. Bayrūt: Muʾassasah al-Risālah.

Raḥmah, Ṣadīq Ṭalḥah Muḥammad. 2006. Taḥaddiyyāt al-Tamwīl al-ʾIslāmi. Maṭābiʿ al-Sūdān Li al-ʿUmlah.

Rāshid, ʿAbd al-Bārī. 2017. Drwrt Jm'e Awry Zkat Wnqsh An Dr Azdyad 'Ewayd Dwlt. ʾAfghānistān: Maṭbaʿah Tamaddun Sharq.

Riḍā, Muḥammad Rashīd. 1947. Tafsīr al-Manār. al-Qāhirah: Dār al-Manār.

Shalabī, Mājidah ʾAḥmad ʾIsmāʿīl. 1987. ʾĪrādāt al-Dawlah Fī Ẓill al-Zakāh Wa Dawr al-Zakāh Fī al-Ḥadd Min Tazāyud ʿAjz al-Muwāzanah al-ʿĀmmah Li al-Dawlah: Dirāsah Taṭbīqiyyah Fī Jumhūriyyah Miṣr al-ʿArabiyyah Khilāl al-Fatrah 1979-1984. Miṣr: Jāmiʿah al-Zaqāzīq.

Sulaymān, ʿAzmān ʿAbd al-Raḥmān. 2010. Jibāyah ʾAmwāl al-Zakāh Wa Ṣarfuhā Fī Mālīziyā. al-Jāmiʿah al-ʾIslāmiyyah al-ʿĀlamiyyah Mālīziyā.

Yūsuf, ʾAḥmad. 1990. ʾAḥkām al-Zakāh Wa ʾAtharuhā al-Mālī Wa al-ʾIqtiṣādī. al-Qāhirah: Dār al-Thaqāfah Li al-Nashr Wa al-Tawzīʿ.

Published

29-07-2022

How to Cite

Ebady, H., & Amanullah, M. (2022). The Application of the Zakat System to Reduce the Problem of Poverty in the Afghan Province of Jowzjan and Its Effects: تطبيق نظام الزكاة في الحد من مشكلة الفقر في ولاية جوزجان الأفغانية وبيان الآثار المترتبة على ذلك. International Journal of Fiqh and Usul Al-Fiqh Studies, 6(2), 84–106. Retrieved from https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-fiqh/index.php/al-fiqh/article/view/267

Issue

Section

Arabic Articles