Translation and Validation of Malay Version of the Simplified Diabetes Knowledge Test
Introduction: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a non-communicating disease with an increasing trend in Malaysia. One of the most important aspects in the selfmanagement of diabetes mellitus is the assessment of knowledge among diabetes patients. This study aimed to translate and validate the Malay version of Modified Diabetes Knowledge Test (DKT) questionnaire. Methods: A standard back-to-back translation procedure was used to translate the simplified version of the DKT questionnaire from the original version. A total of 120 outpatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus from the government primary care clinic were selected to answer the questionnaire which consists of socio-demographic and diabetes characteristics questions as well as the 20-item DKT questions. Reliability and validity were tested with Cronbach’s alpha and Exploratory Factor Analysis. Results: The Cronbach’s alpha for the translated questionnaire was acceptable (α=0.573) with the Cronbach’s alpha excluding each item ranged from 0.517 to 0.602. Factor analysis with Varimax rotation identified 6 domains for the 18 items, with 2 to 6 items in each domain. Conclusion: This version of simplified DKT is proven to be valid and reliable, and can be used with caution as a brief assessment of knowledge among diabetic patients specifically tailored for Malaysian population.
How to Cite
All material submitted for publication is assumed to be submitted exclusively to the IIUM Medical Journal Malaysia (IMJM) unless the contrary is stated. Manuscript decisions are based on a double-blinded peer review process. The Editor retains the right to determine the style and if necessary, edit and shorten any material accepted for publication.
IMJM retain copyright to all the articles published in the journal. All final ‘proof’ submissions must be accompanied by a completed Copyright Assignment Form, duly signed by all authors. The author(s) or copyright owner(s) irrevocably grant(s) to any third party, in advance and in perpetuity, the right to use, reproduce or disseminate the research article in its entirety or in part, in any format or medium, provided that no substantive errors are introduced in the process, proper attribution of authorship and correct citation details are given, and that the bibliographic details are not changed. If the article is reproduced or disseminated in part, this must be clearly and unequivocally indicated.